The slide explains the theory proposed by F.W. Taylor. He introduced scientific methods of doing work to increase productivity. Thus he is known as 'Father of Scientific Management;. Thus, the theory 'Principles of Scientific Management'.
“In the past the man has been first; in the future the system must be first... The first object of any good system must be that of developing first class men.”<br />
SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT:-<br />“It is the art of knowing exactly what is to be done in the best and the cheapest way.”<br />
OBJECTIVE<br />To secure the maximum prosperity for the employer & employee.<br />Maximum prosperity of employer include- Development of every branch of the business.<br />
Contd…<br />3. Maximum prosperity of employee include-<br /> To develop each man to a state maximum efficiency.<br />
FOUR PRINCIPLES:-<br />Replacing the rule of thumb by Scientific methods.<br />Selecting, training, teaching and develop the workman.<br />Division of work and responsibility.<br />Cooperation between Management and workers.<br />
Explanation:-<br />Bethlehem Steel company, in 1898.<br />Had 5 blast furnace.<br />Gang of 75 person were formed.<br />Each man loaded in average of 12.5 tons per day.<br />
Scientific study showed that a person can handle between 47-48 tons per day. (1st Principle)<br />We observed a gang for 3-4 days.<br />Selected the best four.<br />Finally selected Schmidt , a Pennsylvania Dutchman.(2nd Principle).<br />
Salary was increased from $1.15 per day to $1.85 per day.<br />Schmidt had to load 47 tons per day and management would provide a man to instruct him in attaining this goal. (3rd Principle)<br />
A man from management accompanied him. Instructed him, cooperated him, as well as took care of himand strength. (4th Principle).<br />
RESULT:-<br /><ul><li>Schmidt loaded 47.5 tons per day.
Maximum benefit to both employer and employee.</li></li></ul><li>Proves:-<br />High Profit to both employee and employer.<br />Increase in standard of living for employee.<br />Better working condition.<br />Satisfaction to both employee and employer.<br />
My work:<br />Books Name: Principles of Scientific Management.<br />Place: New York and London<br />Published by:Harper & brothers. <br />Year : 1911<br />
Prepared by:<br />D.J. Gurung<br />MBA, North East Regional Institute of Science and Technology<br />Arunachal Pradesh<br />