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A framework is presented that is relevant to all terrestrial ecosystems and their modification states. Unpinning the framework is the tool's ability to track change and trends based on assessing effects of land management regimes. Effects of these regimes on criteria & indicators of function, structure and composition are scored using criteria and indicators. Changes in condition, resilience and transformation are assessed relative to fully natural a reference state for each plant community. Assessments are constrained to soil landscape units because this approximates to land manager’s use and management of the landscape. The framework helps decision makers assess and report change at sites and landscapes due to human management and natural drivers.