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Speech Notes


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Speech Notes

  1. 1. Building Your Speech Yes, You Can!
  2. 2. The Speech to Inform—Your First Speech <ul><li>Your demonstration speech topic is your choice. </li></ul><ul><li>The demonstration speech is still an informative speech. </li></ul>This is not you!
  3. 3. How Do I Choose A Topic For My Speech? <ul><li>What do you already know about? </li></ul><ul><li>What are you interested in? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you have an opinion about? </li></ul><ul><li>What have you been wanting to investigate? </li></ul><ul><li>What would your friends want to hear? </li></ul><ul><li>What have you or are you working on for another course? </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Do I Know That My Topic Will Work? <ul><li>Is it appropriate? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it overdone? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it enrich the lives of my listeners? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I CARE about the topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the topic fit into the time limit? </li></ul><ul><li>Can I develop responsible knowledge for this topic? </li></ul>Your instructor is always here to help!!!!
  5. 5. So How Do I Inform The People? <ul><li>Don’t overload them with too much information—ONE aspect of ONE topic! </li></ul><ul><li>Organize, organize, organize. Did I forget to mention organize? </li></ul><ul><li>Begin with familiarities. </li></ul><ul><li>Be VIVID with your language. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Step 1: Consider Your General Purpose <ul><li>Are you informing or persuading? </li></ul><ul><li>When the general purpose is to inform, speakers act as teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>Their goal is to communicate information clearly, accurately, and interestingly. </li></ul><ul><li>They seek to enhance the knowledge and understanding of their listeners. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Step 1: Consider Your General Purpose <ul><li>When the general purpose is to persuade, speakers act as advocates. </li></ul><ul><li>Their goal is to change the attitudes or actions of their audience. </li></ul><ul><li>They seek to get their listeners to believe something or to do something. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Step 2: Develop Your Thesis Statement <ul><li>Your Thesis Statement: </li></ul><ul><li>Should be an infinitive phrase, not a fragment. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be phrased as a statement only. </li></ul><ul><li>Should avoid figurative language. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not contain two or more unrelated ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be too vague or general. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Step 2: Develop Your Thesis Statement <ul><li>Does the thesis statement meet the assignment? </li></ul><ul><li>Can this thesis statement be accomplished effectively in the time allotted? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the thesis statement relevant to the audience? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the thesis statement too technical or trivial? </li></ul>
  10. 10. What’s Wrong With These Thesis Statements? <ul><li>To inform my audience how to make perfect popcorn every time. </li></ul><ul><li>To inform my audience about the growth of credit card fraud and methods of sound financial planning. </li></ul><ul><li>What is obsessive/compulsive disorder? </li></ul><ul><li>To inform my audience why square grooves are superior to U-shaped grooves on golf clubs. </li></ul><ul><li>Donate blood. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Remember… <ul><li>After you deliver your attention-grabbing introduction, your next statement always is… </li></ul><ul><li>“ Today, I’m going to inform/tell/share…” </li></ul>I’ll be listening for the thesis statement in every one of your speeches! Don’t forget!
  12. 12. Step 3: Your Mapping Statement <ul><li>Your mapping statement is an “internal preview” of your speech—a brief summary of your main points. </li></ul><ul><li>Your mapping statement must be a full sentence or sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>The mapping statement refines and sharpens the thesis statement. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Step 3: Your Mapping Statement <ul><li>Once you’ve secured your thesis statement, then think about three very specific main points which will support this topic. For instance:   </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: “Today I’m going to share information about the endangered spotted owl.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping Statement: “ First, I’m going to tell you </li></ul><ul><li>about the owl’s heritage, then I’ll share vital </li></ul><ul><li>statistics about this creature. Finally, I’ll tell you </li></ul><ul><li>the endangerment status of this species.” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Design a mapping statement for the following thesis statements… <ul><li>Thesis statement: “Today I’m going to inform you about how to register for college.” </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: “Today, I’m going to tell you about athletic programs at Darton college.” </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis statement: “Today, I’m going to share information about steak houses in Albany. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Consider this… <ul><li>Once you’ve written your thesis statement… </li></ul><ul><li>Then your mapping statement, </li></ul><ul><li>The body of your speech is basically outlined! </li></ul>You as a speaker—with or without the muscles! 
  16. 16. Step 4: Build The Body of Your Speech—Your Preparation Outline <ul><li>Your preparation outline must include the following labeled items: </li></ul><ul><li>An introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>A thesis statement. </li></ul><ul><li>A mapping statement. </li></ul><ul><li>3-4 main points, including subpoints, all written in full sentences. </li></ul>