Organizing Your Speech


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Organizing Your Speech

  1. 1. Organizing Your Informative Speech
  2. 2. <ul><li>What are the three T ’s ??? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>T ell us what you are about to tell us </li></ul><ul><li>T ell us </li></ul><ul><li>T ell us what you told us </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>There are three (3) main parts to any speech: </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The introduction </li></ul><ul><li>The body </li></ul><ul><li>The conclusion </li></ul>
  6. 6. The introduction of the speech: <ul><li>Gains the attention of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Gains the good will of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Develops interest in the topic </li></ul>
  7. 7. The body of the speech presents: <ul><li>The main points in an organized pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Presents supporting information for the main points </li></ul>
  8. 8. The conclusion of the speech <ul><li>Emphasizes key ideas of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves the audience with heightened interest in the topic </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Let’s look at each part of the speech in greater depth. </li></ul><ul><li>What part of the speech should be developed first ? </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Body of the speech <ul><li>Determining the main points of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing the main points in a consistent manner </li></ul><ul><li>Outlining all the material you plan to use in your speech </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The speaker must identify the specific purpose of the speech and create a thesis statement </li></ul>
  12. 12. SPECIFIC PURPOSE : <ul><li>“ I want to explain the three (3) ways that dogs have shown themselves to be our “best friends.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. THESIS STATEMENT: <ul><li>Dogs have earned their place as our ‘best friends” by working with people, by protecting people and property and by showing love and devotion to people </li></ul>
  14. 14. MAIN POINTS: <ul><li>Dogs work with people </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs protect people and their property </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs show love and devotion to people </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Types of Organizational Patterns </li></ul>
  16. 16. CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER <ul><li>is the order in which things happen in time </li></ul>
  17. 17. SPATIAL ORDER <ul><li>is the organization of things according to their position in space </li></ul>
  18. 18. TOPICAL ORDER <ul><li>is a pattern of organization in which a topic is broken down into parts that are rearranged in an order determined by the speaker. </li></ul>
  19. 19. CLIMACTIC ORDER <ul><li>arranges items according to their order in importance </li></ul>
  20. 20. CAUSE-AND-EFFECT ORDER <ul><li>is when information is arranged to show causes or conditions and the effects or results of those causes or conditions </li></ul>
  21. 21. COMPARE/CONTRAST ORDER <ul><li>is when items of information are organized to show similarities and/or differences between the items. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Introductions <ul><li>There are three (3) purposes to an introduction </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Get the attention of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Gain the good will of the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Develop interest in the topic </li></ul>
  24. 24. Good Will <ul><li>Is the audience’s respect or positive feelings for the speaker </li></ul>
  25. 25. Interest <ul><li>Refers to the imvolvement, or concern, your audience shows in the topic </li></ul>
  26. 26. Attention-Getting Devices <ul><li>A startling statement </li></ul><ul><li>Ask a rhetorical question </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story </li></ul><ul><li>Use a dramatic/powerful/interesting quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Personal reference </li></ul>
  27. 27. Personal Reference <ul><li>By giving a personal reference in the introduction, the speaker relates the speech topic directly to the audience’s experiences </li></ul>
  28. 28. Organizing Speech Conclusions <ul><li>The purpose of a conclusion is: </li></ul><ul><li>To emphasize the key idea or ideas in the speech </li></ul><ul><li>To leave the attention of the audience on a high note </li></ul>
  29. 29. Summary <ul><li>Is a short restatement of the key information in a larger work </li></ul>
  30. 30. Recommendation <ul><li>Is a short statement that tells the audience the specific behavior you want them to follow </li></ul>
  31. 31. The Stirring Ending <ul><li>Is an ending that helps you intensify the emotions or feelings you want the audience to experience </li></ul>