The Invention of Writing The Egyptian Influence Information Services and Resources Philip Yockey Roxanne Mapp LIS-652
PetroglyphsThroughout the world, from Africa to North America to the islandsof New Zealand, prehistoric people left numerous petroglyphs (Fig)which are carved or scratched sings or simple figures on rock.Many of the petroglyphs are pictographs, and some may beIdeographs, or symbols to represent ideas or concepts. The History of Graphic-Design Philip B. Meggs - 1998
Encyclopedias Reference Sources Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia Encyclopedia Americana Encyclopedia, thefreedictionary.com Encyclopedia Britannica Online
Books - Reference Reference books always offer a wealth of information and serve as a great print resource in the aid of writing papers. Students can choose from a variety of reference materials from any library’s collection. Hieroglyphs without Mystery Karl-Theodor Zauzich Handbook To Life In Egypt Rosalie David Ancient Egypt – The Great Discoveries Nicholas Reeves Africana Appiah Gates
Books - Circulating The Story of Writing Carol Donoughue The Romance Of Writing Keith Gordon Irwin Egyptian Hieroglyphics Stephane Rossini Understanding Hieroglyphics Hilary Wilson The 26 Letters Oscar Ogg Reading the Past – Ancient Writing from Cuneiform to the Alphabet – Introduced by J. T. Hooker Scrawl! Writing in Ancient Times Prepared by Geography Department Runestone Press – Minneapolis
Fee-based Resources New York Public Library Access to WorldCat, CATNYP, Books in Print, World Book Online, Facts on File History Database Center, Newsletters in Print, NYPL Digital Gallery, Grolier Online, Modern World History Online and much more. Pratt Access to Jstor, ERIC
DictionariesThe print version of the New Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language InternationalEdition was used a basic guide for finding the meaning of the word “hieroglyphic”. Websterdefines the meaning of this word as a method of writing in which a pictorial symbol is used. Itgoes on to state that Egyptian hieroglyphics consisted of a series of miniature drawings of men,animals and objects. Webster’s dictionary gave a good definition and was a good starting pointthat can be used to give a general understanding of the word.Online Dictionaries Your Dictionary http://www.yourdictionary.com Bartleby http://www.bartleby.com Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com
Trade Bibliographies Amazon.com Decoding Egyptian Hieroglyphs: How to Read the Secret Language of the Pharaohs by Bridget McDermott http://www.amazon.com Barnes and Noble Hieroglyphics By Karen Price-Hossell http://www.barnesandnoble.com
Egyptian hieroglyphs Writing was very important in maintaining the Egyptian empire, and literacy was concentrated among an educated elite of scribes. Only people from certain backgrounds were allowed to train to become scribes, in the service of temple, pharaonic, and military authorities. The hieroglyph system was always difficult to learn, but in later centuries was purposely made even more so, as this preserved the scribes position.
Bibliography Allen, J.(n.d..Hieroglyphic Writing Systems. Retrieved November 30, 2008, from nbk.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article? assetid=a2013370-h. Appiah, K., & Gates, Jr., H.(2005). Writing, History of, in Africa. In Africana - The Encyclopedia of the African & African American Experience (Second ed., Vol. Five, pp.476-480).New York: Oxford University Press. Bartleby.com: Great Books Online -- Encyclopedia, Dictionary, Thesaurus and hundreds more. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2008, from http://bartleby.com. Books in Print.(n.d.).Retrieved December 5, 2008, from http://www.booksinprint.com. Bopp, R. (2001). Reference and Information Services: An Introduction. Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited. CATNYP.(n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2008, from http://catnyp.nypl.org/search/a?a. Carmichael, A. (n.d.). Egyptian phonetic writing from its invention to the close of the nineteenth dynasty. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from http://www.worldcat.org. David, R. (1998). Handbook To Life In Ancient Egypt. New York: Facts on File, Inc. Diringer, D. (n.d.). Writing. Retrieved December 1, 2008, from http://ea.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=0424740- 00. Donoughue, C. (2007). The Story of Writing. Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books Ltd. Dreyer, G. (n.d.). Who Wrote First Dictionary.com. Retrieved December 3, 2008, from http://dictionary.reference.com. ERIC Education Resources Information Center - World’s largest digital library of education literature. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2008, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/. Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2008, from http://www.britannica.com. Encyclopedia of Society and Culture in the Ancient World. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2008, from www.fofweb.com/History/Reference.asp?ID=12108. Facts on File. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2008, from wfsearch.webfeat.org/cgibin/WebFeat. Gordon, C. (1968). Forgotten Scripts. New York: Basic Books, Inc. Grolier Online. (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2008, from http://nbk.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=a2013370-h. Hieroglyphic writing. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2008, from http://www.britannica.com. Hieroglyphics.(n.d.).Retrieved December 5, 2008, from http://www.barnesandnoble.com. Hooker, J. (1990).Reading The Past - Ancient Writing from Cuneiform to the Alphabet. Great Britain: University of California Press/British Museum. Irwin, K. (1956).The Romance of Writing. New York: The Viking Press. Jackson, D. (1981).The Story Of Writing. New York: Taplinger Publishing Company. Linguistics 201: The Invention of Writing. (n.d.).Retrieved December 5, 2008, from http://www.yahoo.com.
Bibliography Mcdermott, B. (2008). Decoding Egyptian Hieroglyphs: How to Read the Secret Language of the Pharaohs. Canada: Chronicle Books. Meggs, P. (1998). A history of Graphic Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Ogg, O. (1948). The 26 Letters. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company. Pope, M.(1975). The story of archaeological DECIPHERMENT From Egyptian hieroglyphs to Linear B. New York: Charles Scribners Sons. Pratt Institute Libraries | Find Articles. (n.d.).Retrieved December 4, 2008, from http://library.pratt.edu/databases.html Price-Hossell, K. (n.d.). Barnes and Noble. Retrieved November 30, 2008, from http://barnesandnoble.com. Reeves, N.(2001). The Rosetta Stone: Cracking The Hieroglyphic Code. In Ancient Egypt The Great Discoveries - A Year-by-Year Chronicle (First ed., Vol.One, pp. 14-17). New York: Thames & Hudson. Robinson, A.(2006, February 26). Visible marks of the move from sound to stone. Retrieved November 30, 2008, from web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.pratt.edu:2048/ehost/search?vid=1&hid=12&sid=d2c17fef-e598-4316-ada3- 50ff61ba6193%40SRCSM2. Rossini, S.(1989). Egyptian Hieroglyphics. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. The New York Public Library. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2008, from http://www.nypl.org. Welcome to the New Rochelle Public Library Website. (n.d.). Retrieved December 4, 2008, from http://www.nrpl.org. Wikipedia. (n.d.). Retrieved December 4, 2008, from http://www.wikipedia.com. Wilson, H. (1996). Understanding Hieroglyphs. Illinois: NTC Publishing Group. (WorldCat.org) Search for books, music, videos, articles and more in libraries near you. (n.d.). Retrieved December 4, 2008, from http://www.worldcat.org. Worlds, B.(1994).SCRAWL - Writing in Ancient Times. Minneapolis: Runestone Press. Yahoo! (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2008, from http://www.yahoo.com. Zauzich, K.(1999). Hieroglyphs Without Mystery - An Introduction To Ancient Egyptian Writing. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.