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data journalism

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Slides used in Level 3 undergrad Media Ethics course. Looks at data(base) journalism and how to be data journalist

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data journalism

  1. 1. Data Journalism<br />MAC373/MED312<br />twitter/rob_jewitt<br />robert.jewitt@sunderland.ac.uk<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Intro<br />Database Journalism and Computer Assisted Reporting<br />Data Today : Visualisations and Interactivity<br />How To Be A Data Journalist<br />Ethics?<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Recent hype<br />Data Journalism<br />Meta Journalism<br />Visualisation<br />Infographics<br />Mash Ups<br />3<br />
  4. 4. “Data-driven journalism is the future”<br />“[Journalism’s] going to be about poring over data and equipping yourself with the tools to analyse it and picking out what's interesting. And keeping it in perspective, helping people out by really seeing where it all fits together, and what's going on in the country.”<br />Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Internet, 2010 <br />4<br />
  5. 5. Origins<br />1950s <br />Database Journalism<br />Computer Assisted Reporting (CAR)<br />Very expensive<br />5<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />The Indianapolis Star<br />Capital Journal circa 1961<br />
  7. 7. New York Times News Room<br />7<br />
  8. 8. CBS: 1952, Walter Cronkite<br />Presidential election battle<br />Eisenhower vs Stevenson<br />Remington Rand UNIVAC<br />Early vote returns analysis<br />Predicted a landslide victory<br />Contrary to popular opinion<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Philip Meyer, Precision Journalism<br />1969: a journalist must make use of databases and surveys<br />2002: “a journalist has to be a database manager”<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Other notable examples<br />Clarence Jones, The Miami Herald, 1969<br />Criminal Justice systems<br />David Burnham, The New York Times, 1972<br />Police crime rates<br />Elliot Jaspin, The Providence Journal, 1986<br />School bus drivers and criminal records<br />Bill Dedman, The Atlanta Journal, 1988<br />Pullitzer Prize for The Color of Money<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Not Database – Just Data?<br />11<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />Since 2004<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />
  16. 16. Adrian Holovaty (2005)<br />Chicago Transport Authority map + Firefox plug-in + Google Maps = real time updates<br />Chicago Police Department + Google Maps = real time police reports<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Adrian Holovaty (2006)<br />Now working for the Washington Post<br />A fundamental way newspaper sites need to change<br />Most material collected by journalists is:<br />"structured information: the type of information that can be sliced-and-diced, in an automated fashion, by computers”<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Adrian Holovaty (2006)<br />Traditional journalism <br />Articles as the finished product<br />Data journalism<br />Continually maintained and improved<br />18<br />Radical overhaul needed<br />- Employing data<br />- Making data available<br />- Storing data<br />- Coding data<br />
  19. 19. Maps Everywhere!<br />19<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />
  22. 22. Maps Everywhere!<br />2007 – Holovaty won $1.1 million from the Knight Foundation for Everyblock<br />2010 – SR2 Blog won Guardian.co.uk’s ‘most inspirational site’ accolade<br />22<br />
  23. 23. 23<br />
  24. 24. 24<br />link<br />
  25. 25. 25<br />link<br />
  26. 26. 26<br />Link<br />
  27. 27. Interactivity <br />Transport For London API<br />Icelandic Ash Cloud and plane tracking<br /> <br />AlJazeera’s coverage of War on Gaza using Ushahidi<br />Guardian’s Twitter map of Middle East<br /> <br />BBC Interactive on the Spending Review<br />27<br />
  28. 28. Bella Hurrell, Specials Editor with BBC News Online(2011)<br />Proximity of “journalists, designers and developers all working together, sitting alongside each other” <br />28<br />
  29. 29. Bella Hurrell, Specials Editor with BBC News Online(2011)<br />“We have found that proximity really important to the success of projects. Although we have done this for a while, increasingly other organisations are reorganising along these lines after coming to realise the benefits of breaking down silos and co-locating people with different skillsets can produce more innovative solutions at a faster pace.”<br />29<br />
  30. 30. Bella Hurrell, Specials Editor with BBC News Online(2011)<br />“As data visualisation has come into the zeitgeist, and we have started using it more regularly in our story-telling, journalists and designers on the specials team have become much more proficient at using basic spreadsheet applications like Excel or Google Docs”<br />30<br />
  31. 31. Paul Bradshaw<br />31<br />
  32. 32. Paul Bradshaw<br />32<br />“It represents the convergence of a number of fields which are significant in their own right - from investigative research and statistics to design and programming. The idea of combining those skills to tell important stories is powerful - but also intimidating. Who can do all that?”<br />
  33. 33. Paul Bradshaw<br />33<br />“It represents the convergence of a number of fields which are significant in their own right - from investigative research and statistics to design and programming. The idea of combining those skills to tell important stories is powerful - but also intimidating. Who can do all that?”<br />“The reality is that almost no one is doing all of that, but there are enough different parts of the puzzle for people to easily get involved in, and go from there”<br />
  34. 34. 34<br />
  35. 35. Dealing with Data (Bradshaw, 2010)<br />4 crucial aspects<br />Finding data  <br />Interrogating data  <br />Visualizing data<br />Mashing data<br />35<br />
  36. 36. Link<br />
  37. 37. 37<br />
  38. 38. 38<br />
  39. 39. 39<br />
  40. 40. New Tools of the Trade?<br />ManyEyes – data visualisation tool<br />Yahoo! Pipes – composition tool to mash-up data<br />Google Fusion Tables – visualise data on maps, timelines, etc<br />Processing – tool for creating images & interactions<br />Wordle – generate word clouds from bulky text<br />ScraperWiki – transforms info from webpages into data<br />Google Refine (Freebase)– makes messy data clean!<br />40<br />
  41. 41. 41<br />
  42. 42. Summary<br />Is this journalism?<br />Journalism educators doing students a disservice?<br />Journalists replaced by programmers? <br />Wikileaks: no journalist's required?<br />42<br />
  43. 43. Links and further reading<br />http://www.delicious.com/rob_jewitt/med312+datajournalism<br />43<br />
  44. 44. 44<br />Images<br />Knight Foundation, 2008, Sir Tim Berners-Lee talking about the Web at the Newseum<br />Bill on Capitol Hill, 2007, The Rim and the Slot<br />Marion Doss, 2008, Capital Journalism News Room 16 October 1961<br />Igorschwarzmann, 2010, NYT News Room<br />Mkandlez, 2009, The Billion Pound O Gram<br />BitBoy, 2006, The Elephant in the Room<br />Ravages, 2008, Links<br />

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