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@digiphile 
e-PluribusUnum.com
Towards a More Open World
A networked public sphere
The 
stream
Open Journalism
Natural 
Disasters
#Sidibouzid
Networked protests
How did we get here?
In the 1990s, governments and civil 
society spread the Internet globally
In the 2000s, mobile phones and social 
networking connected us ever more
In the 2010s, “big data” is changing 
how we understand ourworld. 
“
Smarter Cities + Internet of Things
Image Credit: Real Time Rome from Senseable.MIT.edu
What is the 
power of 
open?
Open source software
Open Mapping
Platforms for citizens to self-organize 
Image Credit: ITO World
Open Access
Open Design
Open Innovation
Crowdsourcing?
A long(itude) history of contests and 
challenges 
24
Top Coder
Solar Flares and Innocentive
Citizensourcing
Open Data 
Graphic Credit: Justin Grimes
Open data enables citizens and media to 
be generative in new ways
Hundreds of apps use or are 
based on open health data
Personal data ownership
Keeping citizens safe 
“Traffic on the NYC Health Department’s 
restaurant inspection site has gone from 
10,000 hits per ...
Make data find the people.
“Fauxpen Data” 
Beware openwashing 
Evaluate licenses. 
Check Terms of Service. 
Check format, password protection
Mistake: Focus only on “apps”
Newspapers have 
used data for centuries 
Source: The Guardian
Chicago Tribune 
• Flame retardants
Traditional tools applying tech to 
journalism… 
• Calculators and Graphs 
• Mainframe and PCs 
• Spreadsheets 
• Database...
…combined with new tools & context… 
• Online spreadsheets and wikis 
• Data visualization tools 
• Open source frameworks...
2014: data journalism is the present 
Gathering, cleaning, organizing, analyzing, 
visualizing and publishing data to supp...
Los Angeles Times
Trendy but not new 
• The collection, protection and 
interrogation of data as a source, 
complementing traditional “shoe ...
A tangled web
Center for Public Integrity
Emerging trends
geojournalism
Networked reporting of corruption 
ICIJ: Offshore Leaks
International Consortium of 
Investigative Journalists 
Offshoring $ 
80 journalists 
40 countries 
260 gigabytes 
2.5 mil...
Reuters: Connected China
Create your data 
“If Stage 1 of data journalism was “find and 
scrape data,” then… 
Stage 2 was “ask government agencies ...
Safecast 
open source 
Geiger counter
Networked accountability
Bus route in Nairobi, Kenya
Sensor Journalism
Citizens as Sensors: Andhra Pradesh
Drones + data collection
Privacy 
challenges
Be aware of de-anonymization risks
Accountability for “personalized redlining” 
• Gun map graphic
Transparency for geographic profiling 
• Gun map graphic 
WSJ: Websites vary prices, based upon user information
Monitoring predictive policing 
• Gun map graphic 
Verge: Chicago crime and profiling Geekwire: Predictive Policing
Investigating human tissue trafficking 
• Gun map graphic 
ICIJ: The data behind skin and bone
Data + journalism + activism + 
responsive institutions = social change
The fun part: predictions, 
prognostications and 
recommendations!
Data will become even more of a 
strategic resource for media.
Better tools will emerge that 
democratize data skills.
News apps will explode as a primary way 
people consume data journalism.
Being digital first means being data-centric 
and mobile-friendly.
Expect more robo-journalism. Human 
relationships and storytelling still matter.
There will be higher standards for 
accuracy and corrections. 
Source: Jake Harris
Competency in security and data 
protection will become more important. 
Source: Jake Harris
Demand for more transparency on reader 
data collection and use. 
Source: eConsultancy
More conflicts over public records, data 
scraping, and ethics will arise. 
• Gun map graphic
The future is mobile. 
In 2010, 82% of 
Americans have a 
cellphone. 
60% of American 
adults go online 
wirelessly. 
Sour...
Data-driven personalization and 
predictive news in wearables.
We’ll need better filter/browsers 
Image credit: PC World on Aurora
More diverse newsrooms will 
produce better (data) journalism. 
A 2013 ASNE survey of 68 online news organizations 
found ...
Data illiteracy is leading to 
a new data divide. 
Risk: open data empowers 
the empowered. 
Illustration: Brock Davis
Transparency is not enough 
• “For adaptable data to engender 
accountability, it must fulfill at 
least two conditions: p...
Be mindful of data-ism and bad data. 
Embrace skepticism.
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
Towards a More Open World
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Towards a More Open World

A presentation on society, technology and media in a networked age, delivered at the 2014 Datafest in Buenos Aires.

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Towards a More Open World

  1. 1. @digiphile e-PluribusUnum.com
  2. 2. Towards a More Open World
  3. 3. A networked public sphere
  4. 4. The stream
  5. 5. Open Journalism
  6. 6. Natural Disasters
  7. 7. #Sidibouzid
  8. 8. Networked protests
  9. 9. How did we get here?
  10. 10. In the 1990s, governments and civil society spread the Internet globally
  11. 11. In the 2000s, mobile phones and social networking connected us ever more
  12. 12. In the 2010s, “big data” is changing how we understand ourworld. “
  13. 13. Smarter Cities + Internet of Things
  14. 14. Image Credit: Real Time Rome from Senseable.MIT.edu
  15. 15. What is the power of open?
  16. 16. Open source software
  17. 17. Open Mapping
  18. 18. Platforms for citizens to self-organize Image Credit: ITO World
  19. 19. Open Access
  20. 20. Open Design
  21. 21. Open Innovation
  22. 22. Crowdsourcing?
  23. 23. A long(itude) history of contests and challenges 24
  24. 24. Top Coder
  25. 25. Solar Flares and Innocentive
  26. 26. Citizensourcing
  27. 27. Open Data Graphic Credit: Justin Grimes
  28. 28. Open data enables citizens and media to be generative in new ways
  29. 29. Hundreds of apps use or are based on open health data
  30. 30. Personal data ownership
  31. 31. Keeping citizens safe “Traffic on the NYC Health Department’s restaurant inspection site has gone from 10,000 hits per month to 124,000” - New York Times
  32. 32. Make data find the people.
  33. 33. “Fauxpen Data” Beware openwashing Evaluate licenses. Check Terms of Service. Check format, password protection
  34. 34. Mistake: Focus only on “apps”
  35. 35. Newspapers have used data for centuries Source: The Guardian
  36. 36. Chicago Tribune • Flame retardants
  37. 37. Traditional tools applying tech to journalism… • Calculators and Graphs • Mainframe and PCs • Spreadsheets • Databases • Text and code editors • Statistics • Programming
  38. 38. …combined with new tools & context… • Online spreadsheets and wikis • Data visualization tools • Open source frameworks • Code sharing • Agile development • Cloud storage and processing (EC2 & Heroku) • More data and more access • Privacy and security riskss
  39. 39. 2014: data journalism is the present Gathering, cleaning, organizing, analyzing, visualizing and publishing data to support the creation of acts of journalism
  40. 40. Los Angeles Times
  41. 41. Trendy but not new • The collection, protection and interrogation of data as a source, complementing traditional “shoe leather” investigative reporting relying on witnesses, experts and authorities
  42. 42. A tangled web
  43. 43. Center for Public Integrity
  44. 44. Emerging trends
  45. 45. geojournalism
  46. 46. Networked reporting of corruption ICIJ: Offshore Leaks
  47. 47. International Consortium of Investigative Journalists Offshoring $ 80 journalists 40 countries 260 gigabytes 2.5 million files
  48. 48. Reuters: Connected China
  49. 49. Create your data “If Stage 1 of data journalism was “find and scrape data,” then… Stage 2 was “ask government agencies to release data” in easy to use formats. Stage 3 is going to be “make your own data”, and those sources of data are going to be automated and updated in real-time.” -Javaun Moradi, Mozilla
  50. 50. Safecast open source Geiger counter
  51. 51. Networked accountability
  52. 52. Bus route in Nairobi, Kenya
  53. 53. Sensor Journalism
  54. 54. Citizens as Sensors: Andhra Pradesh
  55. 55. Drones + data collection
  56. 56. Privacy challenges
  57. 57. Be aware of de-anonymization risks
  58. 58. Accountability for “personalized redlining” • Gun map graphic
  59. 59. Transparency for geographic profiling • Gun map graphic WSJ: Websites vary prices, based upon user information
  60. 60. Monitoring predictive policing • Gun map graphic Verge: Chicago crime and profiling Geekwire: Predictive Policing
  61. 61. Investigating human tissue trafficking • Gun map graphic ICIJ: The data behind skin and bone
  62. 62. Data + journalism + activism + responsive institutions = social change
  63. 63. The fun part: predictions, prognostications and recommendations!
  64. 64. Data will become even more of a strategic resource for media.
  65. 65. Better tools will emerge that democratize data skills.
  66. 66. News apps will explode as a primary way people consume data journalism.
  67. 67. Being digital first means being data-centric and mobile-friendly.
  68. 68. Expect more robo-journalism. Human relationships and storytelling still matter.
  69. 69. There will be higher standards for accuracy and corrections. Source: Jake Harris
  70. 70. Competency in security and data protection will become more important. Source: Jake Harris
  71. 71. Demand for more transparency on reader data collection and use. Source: eConsultancy
  72. 72. More conflicts over public records, data scraping, and ethics will arise. • Gun map graphic
  73. 73. The future is mobile. In 2010, 82% of Americans have a cellphone. 60% of American adults go online wirelessly. Source: Pew Internet
  74. 74. Data-driven personalization and predictive news in wearables.
  75. 75. We’ll need better filter/browsers Image credit: PC World on Aurora
  76. 76. More diverse newsrooms will produce better (data) journalism. A 2013 ASNE survey of 68 online news organizations found that 63% of them had no minorities. SOURCE: The Atlantic
  77. 77. Data illiteracy is leading to a new data divide. Risk: open data empowers the empowered. Illustration: Brock Davis
  78. 78. Transparency is not enough • “For adaptable data to engender accountability, it must fulfill at least two conditions: publicity and political agency” – Tiago Peixoto
  79. 79. Be mindful of data-ism and bad data. Embrace skepticism.

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