SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 5
Download to read offline
The Medicinally important Convolvulacean members used by the
Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District.
Keywords:
Kattunaikkan, Wayand, Convolvulaceae.
ABSTRACT:
A floristic and ethnobotanical studies on the kattunaikan tribe of Wayand
district was carried out. The study documented the use of 11 plant species of the
family Convolvulaceae by the Kattunaika tribe. The different parts like leaves, stem,
fruits, flowers and sometimes the whole plant are used to cure various diseases.
093-097 | JRPS | 2012 | Vol 1 | No 2
This article is governed by the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/
licenses/by/2.0), which gives permission for unrestricted use, non-commercial, distribution, and
reproduction in all medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
www.plantsciences.info
Authors:
Joseph MA1
and
Antony VT2
.
Institution:
1. Research and
Development centre,
Bharathiar University,
Coimbatore.
2. Postgraduate and
Research Department of
Botany, St.Berchmans
College, Changanassery,
Kerala.
Corresponding author:
Joseph MA.
Email:
mannaprambil@hotmail.com
Web Address:
http:/www.plantsciences.info
documents/PS0025.pdf.
Dates:
Received: 08 Mar 2012 Accepted: 27 Mar 2012 Published: 07 Jun 2012
Article Citation:
Joseph MA and Antony VT.
The medicinally important convolvulacean members used by the
Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District.
Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097
Original Research
Journal of Research in Plant Sciences
JournalofResearchinPlantSciences
Journal of Research
in Plant Sciences
An International Scientific
Research Journal
An International Scientific Research Journal
INTRODUCTION
For about four thousands of years, the tribal
people have been using various medicinal plants in the
treatment different diseases. After centuries of trial and
error they discovered the miraculous healing power of
certain plants. From their observation they formulated
some basic concepts of science which they have passed
on to the future generation. Hence a considerable part of
the knowledge of the primitive men regarding the uses of
plants have been transferred to the indigenous societies
which are the descendants of the primitive human
communities. The documentation of indigenous
knowledge on the utilization of local plant resources by
different ethnic groups or communities is one of the main
objective of ethnobotanical research. (Sasi et al., 2011).
In Kerala the major tribal communities are nearly forty in
number. Some of them are still nomadic and living in the
forests. The major tribes of Kerala are Kani, Kurichiar,
Kurumar, Eravallan, Kattunaikkan etc. Kattunaikans are
seen in and in the vicinity of forests in the Wayand
district of Kerala state, India.
Wayanad district lies between north latitude
110
27' and 150
58' and east 750
47' and 700
27'. It is
bounded on the east by Nilgiris and Mysore districts of
Tamilnadu and Karnataka, on the north by Coorg district
of Karnataka, on the south by Malappuram and on the
west by Kozhikode and Kannur respectively. The total
geographical area of Wayand is 2124 km2
which consists
of 5.48% of Kerala state. It is situated on the southern
top of the Deccan plateau. Its main feature is the majestic
Western Ghats with thick forest and deep valleys.
The unique feature of this district is the large aboriginal
tribal population, consisting mainly of Paniyas,
Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis, Kadar,
Kattunaikkans. Wayanad district stands first in the case
of adivasi population (about 36%) among other districts
in the state.
The people of kattunaikan or Kattunaikka are
peculaiar in their habit and in their daily routine and are
variously referred to as Jenu Kuruman, Tenu kuruman
and Naikkan (Ratheesh Narayan et al., 2011). They are
seen in deep forests of high mountains. Their name
shows that they are the kings of the jungle. These people
mainly depend on forest for their livelihood. Their name
‘Tenu Kurumans’ indicate the habit of collecting honey.
In the ancient times they used bark of trees instead of
clothes to cover their nakedness. They are tall, long
armed and black skinned tribe with curly or wavy hair
(Louiz, 1962). Traditionally they were honey collectors,
food gatherers and hunters (Mathur, 1977). Majority of
them lives on vegetables, honey and fish. Some are
employed by the forest department and the rest lead the
life of food gatherers. Recently some have begun to raise
cash crops. Even today most of the tribal people depend
on the medicinal plants for various ailments. They collect
these plants from their local settlements. They use these
plants in treating various diseases and sometimes the
same plant is used for the treatment of different diseases.
Pawar SM and Sonawane SR (2011) enumerated
important medicinal plants along kanher and mahadare
reservoir from Satara District, Maharashtra and give a
detailed information on the medicinal uses of the plants.
A lot of ethnobotanical studies have been
conducted on the various tribes of Wayanad. Nagendra
Prasad and Abraham (1984) collected Ethnobotanical
information from the Nayadis of Wayanadu and
documented 74 medicinal plants. Thomas & Britto
(1999) collected information on different tribal groups of
Wayand. Pramod et al., (2003) have conducted study on
the ethnobotany of religious and supernatural beliefs of
Kurichya of Wayanad District, Kerala, India and
reported 40 plant species related to magico-religious
beliefs. Mini and Sivadasan (2007) collected information
from Kurichya tribe about the ethno veterinary plants
used by them. Udayan et al., (2008) studied the
kurichiar tribes of Tirunelli forest, Wayanad Dt.
They have investigated 48 plants used by the tribe in
medicine and other traditional uses. But no member of
Joseph and Antony, 2012
094 Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097
the family Convolvulaceae has been reported. Silija et
al., (2008) have studied the Mullukurma tribe in detail to
collect information regarding ethnomedicinal plant
knowledge. Their study included 136 plant species.
Ipomoea marginata found to be the only
Convolvulaceaen member among other species.
Ethnobotanically important trees and their uses by
Kattunaika tribe in Wayand wild life sanctuary by
Ratheesh Narayan et al., (2011).
Eventhough a lot of studies have been done on
the tribals of Wayand no detailed study on various plant
species of the family Convolvulaceae used by the
kattunaikan tribe of wayand district is not yet conducted.
The present study has been undertaken with the aim of
recording various Convolvulacean members used by
them.
METHODOLOGY
Extensive field trips were carried out between
August 2010–May 2011 in different kattunaikan colonies
of Wayand district. Five tribal colonies were randomly
selected for documenting the traditional knowledge.
The information about the medicinal use of the plants
were collected by interviewing people both men and
women of age ranging from 20-70. Repeated field trips
were carried out in different seasons to collect the
flowers and fruits of the plants (Plate 1).
DISCUSSION
A large number of plant species occur in their
localities where these tribal people live. They possess
tremendous knowledge regarding the use of these plants.
In the study 11 plant species belonging to the family
Convolvulaceae were found to be useful in curing
various diseases. Roots, leaves, fruits and sometimes the
whole plant is used in preparing the medicine. They are
taken either internally or applied externally in the form
of decoction, paste or powder.
CONCLUSION
The present study shows that the Kattunaika
communities possess great knowledge about the use of
various herbal medicines to cure different ailments and
they are also conscious about the loss of their traditional
medicinal practices. As the tribal communities are
getting modernized there is an imminent danger in losing
their traditional medicinal knowledge. Due to human
invasion, modernization and habitat destruction many of
valuable plant species are vanishing from the face of the
earth. So efforts should be taken to preserve our plant
resources for a right management of our biodiversity.
Joseph and Antony, 2012
Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097 095
Plate 1. A Argyreia nervosa; B. Cuscuta reflexe;
C Evolvulus alsinoides varalsinoides; D. Ipomoea
carnea ssp. Fistulosa; E.Ipomoea obscura; F.
Ipomoes pes-tigridis; G. Ipomoea quamoclit; H.
Xenostegia tridentate ssp. Tridentate.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The authors express their sincere gratitude to the
principal, St. Berchmans College, Changanassery,
Kerala. They also extend their gratitude to the members
of the tribal group (Kattunaikkan) in Wayand district.
REFERENCE:
Louiz AAD. 1962. Tribes of Kerala. New Delhi.
Bhaathiya Adimajati Seva Sang.
Mathur PGR. 1977. The tribal situation in Kerala.
Kerala historical society, Trivandrum.
Mini V and Sivadasan M. 2007. Plants used in Ethno
veterinary medicine by Kurichya tribe of Wayanad
District in Kerala, India. Ethnobotany 19:94-99.
Nagendra Prasad P and Abraham Z. 1984.
Ethnobotany of the Nayadis of north Kerala.
J.Econ.Tax.Bot., 5(1):41-48.
Pawar SM and Sonawane SR. 2011. Enumeration of
medicinal plants along kanher and mahadare reservoir
from Satara District, Maharashtra, India. Journal of
Research in Biology. 6: 461-466.
Joseph and Antony, 2012
096 Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097
SI No. Botanical Name /Local Name Parts used Used for Mode of use
1.
Argyreia nervosa
(Burm.f.) Bojer.
Local name: Marikkunni,
Samudrappacha
Leaf Acidity
Leaf paste is made into a
decoction and administered orally
2.
Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.
Local name: Moodillathali
Whole plant
Swelling in
joints
The whole plant is cooked
without salt and taken internally
to reduce swelling in joints.
3.
Ipomoea obscura (L.)
Ker-Gawl
Local name: Thiruthali
Leaf, flower
and fruit
Malaria
The leaves, flower and fruits are
crushed and made in to paste and
is applied on the head against
malarial fever
4.
Ipomoea pes tigridis l.
Local name: Pulichevidu
Leaves
Body pain
Leaves are crushed together with
coconut and made in to paste and
is administered orally to reduce
pain
5.
Ipomoea marginata
(Desr.) Verdc.
Local name: Kolambi
Leaves
Cough
Ten to twenty leaves are folded
together and kept in a pot on an
oven. When it is cooked it is
taken out and eaten
6.
Ipomoea deccana Austin
Local name: Mooval Kodi
leaves furuncles
The leaves are crushed along with
oil and applied on the affected
part.
7.
Xenostegia tridentate (L.)
Austin & Staples
Local name: Pradharini,
Prasarini, Thalanili
Leaves
Mad dog bite
Leaves are crushed and is then
mixed with milk and administered
orally
8.
Evolvulus alsinoides(L.)
L. var.alsinoides
Local name: Krishnakranth
Whole plant
To increase
memory
Whole plant is made into a paste
and is mixed with milk and taken
orally
9.
Ipomoea quamoclit L.
Local name: Akasha-mulla
Leaves Head ache
Leaves are pressed the juice
obtained is applied on the
forehead
10.
Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.
Local name: Anchilathali,
Palmuthukku, Mutalakizhang
Tuber Impotency
The tuber is made into a paste and
is administered orally twice a
day to treat impotency
11.
Ipomoea carnea Jack. ssp.
fistulosa ( Mart.ex Choisy)
Austin Local name: Vellappo
Leaves Ulcers and
boils
Leaf paste is applied over boils
Pramod C, Sivadasan M and Anilkumar N. 2003.
Ethnobotany of religious and supernatural beliefs of
Kurichya of Wayanad District, Kerala, India.
Ethnobotany. 15:11-19.
Ratheesh Narayan MK, Mithunlal S, Sujanapal P,
Anil Kumar N, Sivadasan M, Ahmad H, Alfarhan A,
Alatar A. 2011. Ethnobotanically important trees and
their uses by Kattunaikka tribe in Wayanad Wild life
sanctuary, Kerala, India. Journal of medicinal plant
research. 5(4):604-612.
Sasi R, Rajendran A and Maharajan M. 2011.
Wild edible plant Diversity of Kotagiri Hills - a Part of
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Southern India. Journal of
Research in Biology. 2: 80-87.
Silija VP, Varma KS and Mohanan KV. 2008.
Ethnomedicinal plant knowledge of the Mullukurma
tribe of Wayanad dt, Kerala. Indian Journal of traditional
knowledge. 7(4):604-612.
Thomas J and de Britto AJ. 1999. An ethnobotanical
survey of Naduvil Panchayat in kannur
District,kerala,India. Ancient Scence of Life. 18(3 and
4):279-283.
Udayan PS, Harinarayanan MK, Thushar KV and
Indira Balachandran. 2008. Some common plants used
by Kurichiar tirbes of Tirunelli forest, Wayanad District,
Kerala in Medicine and other Traditional uses. In. J.
Trad. Knowl., 7(2):250-255.
Joseph and Antony, 2012
Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097 097
Submit your articles online at www.plantsciences.info
Advantages
Easy online submission
Complete Peer review
Affordable Charges
Quick processing
Extensive indexing
You retain your copyright
submit@plantsciences.info
www.plantsciences.info/Submit.php.

More Related Content

What's hot

A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...
A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...
A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...
ijtsrd
 
Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...
Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...
Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...
Shujaul Mulk Khan
 
Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...
Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...
Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...
Shujaul Mulk Khan
 
First floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistan
First floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistanFirst floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistan
First floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistan
Shujaul Mulk Khan
 

What's hot (19)

A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...
A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...
A Survey on Ethnoveterinary Medicines used by the Tribal Peoples of Kalasapad...
 
Highly Nutritious Wild Edible Mushroom of Gadchiroli Forest
Highly Nutritious Wild Edible Mushroom of Gadchiroli ForestHighly Nutritious Wild Edible Mushroom of Gadchiroli Forest
Highly Nutritious Wild Edible Mushroom of Gadchiroli Forest
 
Harnessing the Diversity of Wild Relatives of Tropical Fruit Tree Species fo...
Harnessing the Diversity of Wild Relatives of Tropical Fruit Tree Species fo...Harnessing the Diversity of Wild Relatives of Tropical Fruit Tree Species fo...
Harnessing the Diversity of Wild Relatives of Tropical Fruit Tree Species fo...
 
Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...
Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...
Investigation of traditional medicinal floral knowledge of sarban hills, abbo...
 
Cultural uses of plants mong basikhel tribe of district tor ghar khyber pakht...
Cultural uses of plants mong basikhel tribe of district tor ghar khyber pakht...Cultural uses of plants mong basikhel tribe of district tor ghar khyber pakht...
Cultural uses of plants mong basikhel tribe of district tor ghar khyber pakht...
 
Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...
Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...
Investigation of traditional veterinary phytomedicines used in deosai plateau...
 
Ethnobotanical Importance of Some Highly Medicinal plants of District Muzaffa...
Ethnobotanical Importance of Some Highly Medicinal plants of District Muzaffa...Ethnobotanical Importance of Some Highly Medicinal plants of District Muzaffa...
Ethnobotanical Importance of Some Highly Medicinal plants of District Muzaffa...
 
First floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistan
First floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistanFirst floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistan
First floristic exploration of the distric torghar khyber pakhtunkhwa pakistan
 
201516 Adeyemi et al (1)
201516 Adeyemi et al (1)201516 Adeyemi et al (1)
201516 Adeyemi et al (1)
 
Ethnopharmacological Survey of Garcinia Pedunculata Roxb. Fruit in Six Differ...
Ethnopharmacological Survey of Garcinia Pedunculata Roxb. Fruit in Six Differ...Ethnopharmacological Survey of Garcinia Pedunculata Roxb. Fruit in Six Differ...
Ethnopharmacological Survey of Garcinia Pedunculata Roxb. Fruit in Six Differ...
 
A Survey on the Pteridophyte Flora of the 18 Selected Sacred Groves in Chalav...
A Survey on the Pteridophyte Flora of the 18 Selected Sacred Groves in Chalav...A Survey on the Pteridophyte Flora of the 18 Selected Sacred Groves in Chalav...
A Survey on the Pteridophyte Flora of the 18 Selected Sacred Groves in Chalav...
 
Dr khalid khan
Dr khalid khanDr khalid khan
Dr khalid khan
 
Taxonomic tool of flora
Taxonomic tool of floraTaxonomic tool of flora
Taxonomic tool of flora
 
Selection of Plants Species Hanuman Langurs (Semnopithecus entellus) as Food ...
Selection of Plants Species Hanuman Langurs (Semnopithecus entellus) as Food ...Selection of Plants Species Hanuman Langurs (Semnopithecus entellus) as Food ...
Selection of Plants Species Hanuman Langurs (Semnopithecus entellus) as Food ...
 
Taxonomic tool of flora
Taxonomic tool of floraTaxonomic tool of flora
Taxonomic tool of flora
 
Community composition and species diversity of fruit-eating- insects of Gymna...
Community composition and species diversity of fruit-eating- insects of Gymna...Community composition and species diversity of fruit-eating- insects of Gymna...
Community composition and species diversity of fruit-eating- insects of Gymna...
 
I044053079
I044053079I044053079
I044053079
 
Cover an assignment on estimation of plant species at iu campus expressional ...
Cover an assignment on estimation of plant species at iu campus expressional ...Cover an assignment on estimation of plant species at iu campus expressional ...
Cover an assignment on estimation of plant species at iu campus expressional ...
 
Bl35353358
Bl35353358Bl35353358
Bl35353358
 

Similar to The Medicinally important Convolvulacean members used by the Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District.

Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...
Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...
Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...
SSR Institute of International Journal of Life Sciences
 
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...
Innspub Net
 
B034208013 ayurvedam
B034208013 ayurvedamB034208013 ayurvedam
B034208013 ayurvedam
drnokku
 
Ethnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, Pakistan
Ethnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, PakistanEthnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, Pakistan
Ethnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, Pakistan
iosrjce
 
An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...
An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...
An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...
Journal of Research in Biology
 

Similar to The Medicinally important Convolvulacean members used by the Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District. (20)

International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention (IJPSI)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention (IJPSI)International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention (IJPSI)
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention (IJPSI)
 
A0610105
A0610105A0610105
A0610105
 
Herbal Cures Practised By Rural Populace In Varanasi Region Of Eastern U.P.(I...
Herbal Cures Practised By Rural Populace In Varanasi Region Of Eastern U.P.(I...Herbal Cures Practised By Rural Populace In Varanasi Region Of Eastern U.P.(I...
Herbal Cures Practised By Rural Populace In Varanasi Region Of Eastern U.P.(I...
 
Ethnobotanical Euphorbian plants of North Maharashtra Region
Ethnobotanical Euphorbian plants of North Maharashtra RegionEthnobotanical Euphorbian plants of North Maharashtra Region
Ethnobotanical Euphorbian plants of North Maharashtra Region
 
Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used By Malaiyali In Pachaimalai Hil...
Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used By Malaiyali In Pachaimalai Hil...Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used By Malaiyali In Pachaimalai Hil...
Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used By Malaiyali In Pachaimalai Hil...
 
E0342022028
E0342022028E0342022028
E0342022028
 
Studies on Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Flora and its Contribution to L...
Studies on Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Flora and its Contribution to L...Studies on Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Flora and its Contribution to L...
Studies on Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Flora and its Contribution to L...
 
Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants of Gariaband District Chhattisgarh
Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants of Gariaband District ChhattisgarhTraditional Uses of Medicinal Plants of Gariaband District Chhattisgarh
Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants of Gariaband District Chhattisgarh
 
Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...
Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...
Survey of Ethnobotanical Medicinal Plants Used by the People of District Guna...
 
biodiversity of medicinal plants in thudaripettai village
biodiversity of medicinal plants in thudaripettai villagebiodiversity of medicinal plants in thudaripettai village
biodiversity of medicinal plants in thudaripettai village
 
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...
Ethnobotanical survey of the medicinal plants in the central mountains (North...
 
ENDANGERED Preethi new.pptx
ENDANGERED Preethi new.pptxENDANGERED Preethi new.pptx
ENDANGERED Preethi new.pptx
 
B034208013 ayurvedam
B034208013 ayurvedamB034208013 ayurvedam
B034208013 ayurvedam
 
B034208013
B034208013B034208013
B034208013
 
IOSR Journal of Pharmacy (IOSRPHR), www.iosrphr.org, call for paper, research...
IOSR Journal of Pharmacy (IOSRPHR), www.iosrphr.org, call for paper, research...IOSR Journal of Pharmacy (IOSRPHR), www.iosrphr.org, call for paper, research...
IOSR Journal of Pharmacy (IOSRPHR), www.iosrphr.org, call for paper, research...
 
D0261924
D0261924D0261924
D0261924
 
Ethno-medicinal Survey of Area under Aritar Gram Panchayat Unit, East Sikkim,...
Ethno-medicinal Survey of Area under Aritar Gram Panchayat Unit, East Sikkim,...Ethno-medicinal Survey of Area under Aritar Gram Panchayat Unit, East Sikkim,...
Ethno-medicinal Survey of Area under Aritar Gram Panchayat Unit, East Sikkim,...
 
Ethnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, Pakistan
Ethnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, PakistanEthnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, Pakistan
Ethnopharmacological survey of Layyah District Punjab, Pakistan
 
Identification, domestication and conservation of plants used in managing rum...
Identification, domestication and conservation of plants used in managing rum...Identification, domestication and conservation of plants used in managing rum...
Identification, domestication and conservation of plants used in managing rum...
 
An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...
An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...
An ethnoveterinary survey of medicinal preparations used to treat painful del...
 

More from researchplantsciences

Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...
Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...
Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...
researchplantsciences
 
Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.
Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.
Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.
researchplantsciences
 
Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...
Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...
Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...
researchplantsciences
 
Formation, growth and productivity of the tea bush
Formation, growth and productivity of the tea bushFormation, growth and productivity of the tea bush
Formation, growth and productivity of the tea bush
researchplantsciences
 
Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.
Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.
Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.
researchplantsciences
 
Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...
Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...
Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...
researchplantsciences
 

More from researchplantsciences (20)

Effect of some pre sowing treatments on Sapindus laurifolius seed germination
Effect of some pre sowing treatments on Sapindus laurifolius seed germinationEffect of some pre sowing treatments on Sapindus laurifolius seed germination
Effect of some pre sowing treatments on Sapindus laurifolius seed germination
 
Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...
Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...
Preliminary phytochemical studies and evaluation of Antipyretic property of t...
 
Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.
Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.
Karyomorphological studies in two species of Allium L.
 
Comparison of some physiological parameters in leaves and stems of wild and c...
Comparison of some physiological parameters in leaves and stems of wild and c...Comparison of some physiological parameters in leaves and stems of wild and c...
Comparison of some physiological parameters in leaves and stems of wild and c...
 
Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...
Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...
Quantification of total phenolics and flavonoids and evaluation of in vitro a...
 
Bioadsorbent to clean industrial effluents by seaweeds
Bioadsorbent to clean industrial effluents by seaweedsBioadsorbent to clean industrial effluents by seaweeds
Bioadsorbent to clean industrial effluents by seaweeds
 
Nodal anatomical study of certain members of the Rutaceae
Nodal anatomical study of certain members of the RutaceaeNodal anatomical study of certain members of the Rutaceae
Nodal anatomical study of certain members of the Rutaceae
 
The identity and occurrence of primula reidii duthie var. reidii from Shivali...
The identity and occurrence of primula reidii duthie var. reidii from Shivali...The identity and occurrence of primula reidii duthie var. reidii from Shivali...
The identity and occurrence of primula reidii duthie var. reidii from Shivali...
 
Plants used for basketry in kasaragod district, kerala
Plants used for basketry in kasaragod district, keralaPlants used for basketry in kasaragod district, kerala
Plants used for basketry in kasaragod district, kerala
 
Phytochemical investigation of tropical medicinal plants - Stereospermum cola...
Phytochemical investigation of tropical medicinal plants - Stereospermum cola...Phytochemical investigation of tropical medicinal plants - Stereospermum cola...
Phytochemical investigation of tropical medicinal plants - Stereospermum cola...
 
Intraspecific variation in Solanum xanthocarpum schard. and wendl.revealed by...
Intraspecific variation in Solanum xanthocarpum schard. and wendl.revealed by...Intraspecific variation in Solanum xanthocarpum schard. and wendl.revealed by...
Intraspecific variation in Solanum xanthocarpum schard. and wendl.revealed by...
 
Formation, growth and productivity of the tea bush
Formation, growth and productivity of the tea bushFormation, growth and productivity of the tea bush
Formation, growth and productivity of the tea bush
 
Effect of Sucrose and Benzyl Adenine in the promotion of cut flower vase life...
Effect of Sucrose and Benzyl Adenine in the promotion of cut flower vase life...Effect of Sucrose and Benzyl Adenine in the promotion of cut flower vase life...
Effect of Sucrose and Benzyl Adenine in the promotion of cut flower vase life...
 
Effects of stimulated Ultraviolet Radiation on the growth of Maize Seedlings
Effects of stimulated Ultraviolet Radiation on the growth of Maize SeedlingsEffects of stimulated Ultraviolet Radiation on the growth of Maize Seedlings
Effects of stimulated Ultraviolet Radiation on the growth of Maize Seedlings
 
Toxic effect of copper on ten rice cultivars
Toxic effect of copper on ten rice cultivars Toxic effect of copper on ten rice cultivars
Toxic effect of copper on ten rice cultivars
 
Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.
Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.
Phytochemical studies on selected medicinal plant Gymnema sylvestre.
 
Phytochemical analysis of eight medicinal plants of Lamiaceae
Phytochemical analysis of eight medicinal plants of LamiaceaePhytochemical analysis of eight medicinal plants of Lamiaceae
Phytochemical analysis of eight medicinal plants of Lamiaceae
 
Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...
Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...
Maruthamalai hills of Western Ghats, Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu - A pote...
 
Ipomoea capitellata var. multilobata (Convolvulaceae) – A new variety from Ja...
Ipomoea capitellata var. multilobata (Convolvulaceae) – A new variety from Ja...Ipomoea capitellata var. multilobata (Convolvulaceae) – A new variety from Ja...
Ipomoea capitellata var. multilobata (Convolvulaceae) – A new variety from Ja...
 
Influence of provenance in seed and emergence characteristics of a gigantic l...
Influence of provenance in seed and emergence characteristics of a gigantic l...Influence of provenance in seed and emergence characteristics of a gigantic l...
Influence of provenance in seed and emergence characteristics of a gigantic l...
 

The Medicinally important Convolvulacean members used by the Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District.

  • 1. The Medicinally important Convolvulacean members used by the Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District. Keywords: Kattunaikkan, Wayand, Convolvulaceae. ABSTRACT: A floristic and ethnobotanical studies on the kattunaikan tribe of Wayand district was carried out. The study documented the use of 11 plant species of the family Convolvulaceae by the Kattunaika tribe. The different parts like leaves, stem, fruits, flowers and sometimes the whole plant are used to cure various diseases. 093-097 | JRPS | 2012 | Vol 1 | No 2 This article is governed by the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/2.0), which gives permission for unrestricted use, non-commercial, distribution, and reproduction in all medium, provided the original work is properly cited. www.plantsciences.info Authors: Joseph MA1 and Antony VT2 . Institution: 1. Research and Development centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore. 2. Postgraduate and Research Department of Botany, St.Berchmans College, Changanassery, Kerala. Corresponding author: Joseph MA. Email: mannaprambil@hotmail.com Web Address: http:/www.plantsciences.info documents/PS0025.pdf. Dates: Received: 08 Mar 2012 Accepted: 27 Mar 2012 Published: 07 Jun 2012 Article Citation: Joseph MA and Antony VT. The medicinally important convolvulacean members used by the Kattunaikkan Tribe of Wayand District. Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097 Original Research Journal of Research in Plant Sciences JournalofResearchinPlantSciences Journal of Research in Plant Sciences An International Scientific Research Journal An International Scientific Research Journal
  • 2. INTRODUCTION For about four thousands of years, the tribal people have been using various medicinal plants in the treatment different diseases. After centuries of trial and error they discovered the miraculous healing power of certain plants. From their observation they formulated some basic concepts of science which they have passed on to the future generation. Hence a considerable part of the knowledge of the primitive men regarding the uses of plants have been transferred to the indigenous societies which are the descendants of the primitive human communities. The documentation of indigenous knowledge on the utilization of local plant resources by different ethnic groups or communities is one of the main objective of ethnobotanical research. (Sasi et al., 2011). In Kerala the major tribal communities are nearly forty in number. Some of them are still nomadic and living in the forests. The major tribes of Kerala are Kani, Kurichiar, Kurumar, Eravallan, Kattunaikkan etc. Kattunaikans are seen in and in the vicinity of forests in the Wayand district of Kerala state, India. Wayanad district lies between north latitude 110 27' and 150 58' and east 750 47' and 700 27'. It is bounded on the east by Nilgiris and Mysore districts of Tamilnadu and Karnataka, on the north by Coorg district of Karnataka, on the south by Malappuram and on the west by Kozhikode and Kannur respectively. The total geographical area of Wayand is 2124 km2 which consists of 5.48% of Kerala state. It is situated on the southern top of the Deccan plateau. Its main feature is the majestic Western Ghats with thick forest and deep valleys. The unique feature of this district is the large aboriginal tribal population, consisting mainly of Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis, Kadar, Kattunaikkans. Wayanad district stands first in the case of adivasi population (about 36%) among other districts in the state. The people of kattunaikan or Kattunaikka are peculaiar in their habit and in their daily routine and are variously referred to as Jenu Kuruman, Tenu kuruman and Naikkan (Ratheesh Narayan et al., 2011). They are seen in deep forests of high mountains. Their name shows that they are the kings of the jungle. These people mainly depend on forest for their livelihood. Their name ‘Tenu Kurumans’ indicate the habit of collecting honey. In the ancient times they used bark of trees instead of clothes to cover their nakedness. They are tall, long armed and black skinned tribe with curly or wavy hair (Louiz, 1962). Traditionally they were honey collectors, food gatherers and hunters (Mathur, 1977). Majority of them lives on vegetables, honey and fish. Some are employed by the forest department and the rest lead the life of food gatherers. Recently some have begun to raise cash crops. Even today most of the tribal people depend on the medicinal plants for various ailments. They collect these plants from their local settlements. They use these plants in treating various diseases and sometimes the same plant is used for the treatment of different diseases. Pawar SM and Sonawane SR (2011) enumerated important medicinal plants along kanher and mahadare reservoir from Satara District, Maharashtra and give a detailed information on the medicinal uses of the plants. A lot of ethnobotanical studies have been conducted on the various tribes of Wayanad. Nagendra Prasad and Abraham (1984) collected Ethnobotanical information from the Nayadis of Wayanadu and documented 74 medicinal plants. Thomas & Britto (1999) collected information on different tribal groups of Wayand. Pramod et al., (2003) have conducted study on the ethnobotany of religious and supernatural beliefs of Kurichya of Wayanad District, Kerala, India and reported 40 plant species related to magico-religious beliefs. Mini and Sivadasan (2007) collected information from Kurichya tribe about the ethno veterinary plants used by them. Udayan et al., (2008) studied the kurichiar tribes of Tirunelli forest, Wayanad Dt. They have investigated 48 plants used by the tribe in medicine and other traditional uses. But no member of Joseph and Antony, 2012 094 Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097
  • 3. the family Convolvulaceae has been reported. Silija et al., (2008) have studied the Mullukurma tribe in detail to collect information regarding ethnomedicinal plant knowledge. Their study included 136 plant species. Ipomoea marginata found to be the only Convolvulaceaen member among other species. Ethnobotanically important trees and their uses by Kattunaika tribe in Wayand wild life sanctuary by Ratheesh Narayan et al., (2011). Eventhough a lot of studies have been done on the tribals of Wayand no detailed study on various plant species of the family Convolvulaceae used by the kattunaikan tribe of wayand district is not yet conducted. The present study has been undertaken with the aim of recording various Convolvulacean members used by them. METHODOLOGY Extensive field trips were carried out between August 2010–May 2011 in different kattunaikan colonies of Wayand district. Five tribal colonies were randomly selected for documenting the traditional knowledge. The information about the medicinal use of the plants were collected by interviewing people both men and women of age ranging from 20-70. Repeated field trips were carried out in different seasons to collect the flowers and fruits of the plants (Plate 1). DISCUSSION A large number of plant species occur in their localities where these tribal people live. They possess tremendous knowledge regarding the use of these plants. In the study 11 plant species belonging to the family Convolvulaceae were found to be useful in curing various diseases. Roots, leaves, fruits and sometimes the whole plant is used in preparing the medicine. They are taken either internally or applied externally in the form of decoction, paste or powder. CONCLUSION The present study shows that the Kattunaika communities possess great knowledge about the use of various herbal medicines to cure different ailments and they are also conscious about the loss of their traditional medicinal practices. As the tribal communities are getting modernized there is an imminent danger in losing their traditional medicinal knowledge. Due to human invasion, modernization and habitat destruction many of valuable plant species are vanishing from the face of the earth. So efforts should be taken to preserve our plant resources for a right management of our biodiversity. Joseph and Antony, 2012 Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097 095 Plate 1. A Argyreia nervosa; B. Cuscuta reflexe; C Evolvulus alsinoides varalsinoides; D. Ipomoea carnea ssp. Fistulosa; E.Ipomoea obscura; F. Ipomoes pes-tigridis; G. Ipomoea quamoclit; H. Xenostegia tridentate ssp. Tridentate.
  • 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors express their sincere gratitude to the principal, St. Berchmans College, Changanassery, Kerala. They also extend their gratitude to the members of the tribal group (Kattunaikkan) in Wayand district. REFERENCE: Louiz AAD. 1962. Tribes of Kerala. New Delhi. Bhaathiya Adimajati Seva Sang. Mathur PGR. 1977. The tribal situation in Kerala. Kerala historical society, Trivandrum. Mini V and Sivadasan M. 2007. Plants used in Ethno veterinary medicine by Kurichya tribe of Wayanad District in Kerala, India. Ethnobotany 19:94-99. Nagendra Prasad P and Abraham Z. 1984. Ethnobotany of the Nayadis of north Kerala. J.Econ.Tax.Bot., 5(1):41-48. Pawar SM and Sonawane SR. 2011. Enumeration of medicinal plants along kanher and mahadare reservoir from Satara District, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Research in Biology. 6: 461-466. Joseph and Antony, 2012 096 Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097 SI No. Botanical Name /Local Name Parts used Used for Mode of use 1. Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer. Local name: Marikkunni, Samudrappacha Leaf Acidity Leaf paste is made into a decoction and administered orally 2. Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Local name: Moodillathali Whole plant Swelling in joints The whole plant is cooked without salt and taken internally to reduce swelling in joints. 3. Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker-Gawl Local name: Thiruthali Leaf, flower and fruit Malaria The leaves, flower and fruits are crushed and made in to paste and is applied on the head against malarial fever 4. Ipomoea pes tigridis l. Local name: Pulichevidu Leaves Body pain Leaves are crushed together with coconut and made in to paste and is administered orally to reduce pain 5. Ipomoea marginata (Desr.) Verdc. Local name: Kolambi Leaves Cough Ten to twenty leaves are folded together and kept in a pot on an oven. When it is cooked it is taken out and eaten 6. Ipomoea deccana Austin Local name: Mooval Kodi leaves furuncles The leaves are crushed along with oil and applied on the affected part. 7. Xenostegia tridentate (L.) Austin & Staples Local name: Pradharini, Prasarini, Thalanili Leaves Mad dog bite Leaves are crushed and is then mixed with milk and administered orally 8. Evolvulus alsinoides(L.) L. var.alsinoides Local name: Krishnakranth Whole plant To increase memory Whole plant is made into a paste and is mixed with milk and taken orally 9. Ipomoea quamoclit L. Local name: Akasha-mulla Leaves Head ache Leaves are pressed the juice obtained is applied on the forehead 10. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Local name: Anchilathali, Palmuthukku, Mutalakizhang Tuber Impotency The tuber is made into a paste and is administered orally twice a day to treat impotency 11. Ipomoea carnea Jack. ssp. fistulosa ( Mart.ex Choisy) Austin Local name: Vellappo Leaves Ulcers and boils Leaf paste is applied over boils
  • 5. Pramod C, Sivadasan M and Anilkumar N. 2003. Ethnobotany of religious and supernatural beliefs of Kurichya of Wayanad District, Kerala, India. Ethnobotany. 15:11-19. Ratheesh Narayan MK, Mithunlal S, Sujanapal P, Anil Kumar N, Sivadasan M, Ahmad H, Alfarhan A, Alatar A. 2011. Ethnobotanically important trees and their uses by Kattunaikka tribe in Wayanad Wild life sanctuary, Kerala, India. Journal of medicinal plant research. 5(4):604-612. Sasi R, Rajendran A and Maharajan M. 2011. Wild edible plant Diversity of Kotagiri Hills - a Part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Southern India. Journal of Research in Biology. 2: 80-87. Silija VP, Varma KS and Mohanan KV. 2008. Ethnomedicinal plant knowledge of the Mullukurma tribe of Wayanad dt, Kerala. Indian Journal of traditional knowledge. 7(4):604-612. Thomas J and de Britto AJ. 1999. An ethnobotanical survey of Naduvil Panchayat in kannur District,kerala,India. Ancient Scence of Life. 18(3 and 4):279-283. Udayan PS, Harinarayanan MK, Thushar KV and Indira Balachandran. 2008. Some common plants used by Kurichiar tirbes of Tirunelli forest, Wayanad District, Kerala in Medicine and other Traditional uses. In. J. Trad. Knowl., 7(2):250-255. Joseph and Antony, 2012 Journal of Research in Plant Sciences (2012) 1(2): 093-097 097 Submit your articles online at www.plantsciences.info Advantages Easy online submission Complete Peer review Affordable Charges Quick processing Extensive indexing You retain your copyright submit@plantsciences.info www.plantsciences.info/Submit.php.