In what ways can <br />Participatory and Appreciative Action and Reflection (PAAR) <br />enhance workplace learning?<br />...
	Film : Notting Hill  -  “The Last Brownie”<br />(see below for video clip)<br />
THE DEFICIT CHALLENGE<br />If we feel we can change the question, we have a chance to change the conversation. Change this...
The Elevation of Positive Emotions through PAAR<br />Appreciating the positive in ourselves, in our work, lives and commun...
PAAR (Ghaye et al 2008) is a style of research that requires a particular frame of mind. It has 5 dimensions. <br />Space<...
SPACE( physical and psycho-social )<br />Question:  How far do the spaces you create for participation constructively chal...
Participation (as a potentially transformative process)<br />Participation-as-practicelocated at the heart of ‘community’ ...
Appreciation (and using our appreciative intelligence – Thatchekery & Metzker, 2006)<br />Appreciation as re-framing(shift...
Action<br />(as an intervention to improve)<br />1st generation: Action Research (AR - eg. Lewin, Argyris)<br />What is th...
Reflection (that is strengths-based - Ghaye et al 2008)<br />Reflection as a kind of thinking(Dewey 1933)<br />Reflective ...
PAAR and HUMAN FLOURISHING<br />The challenges to human flourishing are cynicism & negativity. We need OPTIMISM & POSITIVI...
THE PURPOSES OF <br />  PAAR – in -PRACTICE<br />… the best in the present situation<br />… what needs to be amplified or ...
PAAR – in – PRACTICE<br />(using the power of the positive question)<br />
Ethics<br />Empowerment<br />Appreciation<br />Participation<br />Space<br />Space-making, space-taking & space-shaping<br...
Example of  PAAR - in – PRACTICE<br />The Reflect-OR Project 2008-2010<br />		     Funded by the EU Commission: A Leonardo...
Strengths-based Activity - ASSET MAPPING<br />What do you like most about yourself?<br />What is a real STRENGTH of yours?...
TEAM STRENGTHENING<br />Team Building<br />Team Working<br />Team Strengthening<br />Team Learning<br />People<br />Purpos...
Strengths-based Activity - TEAM STRENGTHENING<br />One person I would like to invite into my/the group is …..<br />The val...
PAAR … and strengths-building(from Cooperrider, 2008)<br />Outward into local community and global society<br />
We welcome your enquiries<br />irp_uk@btopenworld.com<br />www.reflectivepractices.co.uk<br />
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Developing Strengths-Based Practices through PAAR

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Developing Strengths-Based Practices through PAAR

  1. 1. In what ways can <br />Participatory and Appreciative Action and Reflection (PAAR) <br />enhance workplace learning?<br />New questions, different conversations, better action.<br />by<br />Professor (dr.) Tony Ghaye<br />Director<br />Reflective Learning-UK<br />
  2. 2. Film : Notting Hill - “The Last Brownie”<br />(see below for video clip)<br />
  3. 3. THE DEFICIT CHALLENGE<br />If we feel we can change the question, we have a chance to change the conversation. Change this & we have an opportunity to improve the action.<br />
  4. 4. The Elevation of Positive Emotions through PAAR<br />Appreciating the positive in ourselves, in our work, lives and communities does not simply reflect success and good health, it can also produce success and good health. <br />
  5. 5. PAAR (Ghaye et al 2008) is a style of research that requires a particular frame of mind. It has 5 dimensions. <br />Space<br />Participation<br />Appreciation<br />Action <br />Reflection<br />
  6. 6. SPACE( physical and psycho-social )<br />Question: How far do the spaces you create for participation constructively challenge, support or reproduce existing experiences, actions, structures and meanings?<br />Space making (the ‘where’ of physical space)<br />Space taking (occupying space by right/invitation)<br />Space shaping (the ‘rules of the game’)<br />
  7. 7. Participation (as a potentially transformative process)<br />Participation-as-practicelocated at the heart of ‘community’ development(Ledwith & Springett, 2010)<br />Participation as (potentially) empowering (Cooke & Kothari, 2001)<br />Participation as democracy (creating spaces where people can argue, disagree, discuss, decide & learn – Tandon 2008)<br />Participation as social justice (at the interface of domination and liberation – political nature of everyday life- Griffiths, 2003)<br />
  8. 8. Appreciation (and using our appreciative intelligence – Thatchekery & Metzker, 2006)<br />Appreciation as re-framing(shifting the balance from deficit-based to strengths-based discourses – Rath & Conchie 2008)<br />Appreciating the positive (and using this to broaden and build – Fredrickson, 2010, Marchi & Ghaye, 2010)<br />Appreciation as generative (building a better future from aspects of the positive present – Bushe 2007)<br />
  9. 9. Action<br />(as an intervention to improve)<br />1st generation: Action Research (AR - eg. Lewin, Argyris)<br />What is the practical problem I need to address in my work?<br />2nd generation: Participatory Action Research (PAR – Fals-Border & Rahman)<br />What can we do together to change the situation here?<br />3rd generation: Participatory and Appreciative Action Research (Cooperrider et al) <br /> How can we build and sustain a better future by working more ethically from aspects of the positive present?<br />
  10. 10. Reflection (that is strengths-based - Ghaye et al 2008)<br />Reflection as a kind of thinking(Dewey 1933)<br />Reflective practice as knowing through and in the actions of our work practices (Schön 1983)<br />Reflective inquiry as a critical interrogation of the social and political contexts of learning (Freire 1970)<br />Reflective learning as enhancing human flourishing(Ghaye 2010)<br />
  11. 11. PAAR and HUMAN FLOURISHING<br />The challenges to human flourishing are cynicism & negativity. We need OPTIMISM & POSITIVITY to combat this. <br />
  12. 12. THE PURPOSES OF <br /> PAAR – in -PRACTICE<br />… the best in the present situation<br />… what needs to be amplified or changed to make things (even) better<br />PAAR to …<br />… what needs to be done, by<br />whom & with what effects<br />… opportunities for people to be the best they can be, to achieve their goals.<br />
  13. 13. PAAR – in – PRACTICE<br />(using the power of the positive question)<br />
  14. 14. Ethics<br />Empowerment<br />Appreciation<br />Participation<br />Space<br />Space-making, space-taking & space-shaping<br />Valuing people & things<br />Working with ethical conflicts & dilemmas<br />Researchable aspects of PAAR-in-PRACTICE<br />Influencing decision-making<br />Having the courage to act to improve things<br />
  15. 15. Example of PAAR - in – PRACTICE<br />The Reflect-OR Project 2008-2010<br /> Funded by the EU Commission: A Leonardo da Vinci Project<br />The challengeBetween 2008-2010 to determine how far the effectiveness of job guidance counsellors in Italy, Switzerland and Bulgaria can be enhanced through the transfer of innovation from a previous project, of a work-based learning process of reflection-with-action.<br />The project’s aim<br />Using the participatory and appreciative action and reflection (PAAR) methodology, to enable job guidance counsellors to become more empowered to improve their work and their workplace, thus offering better work-related support services and contributing to the European strategy for improving employability in a knowledge-based society.<br />Website: http://www.ref-or.eu<br />
  16. 16. Strengths-based Activity - ASSET MAPPING<br />What do you like most about yourself?<br />What is a real STRENGTH of yours?<br />When you are at your best you …<br />
  17. 17. TEAM STRENGTHENING<br />Team Building<br />Team Working<br />Team Strengthening<br />Team Learning<br />People<br />Purpose<br />Values<br />Roles<br />Responsibilities<br />Performance<br />Reflection<br />Resilience<br />Agility<br />Assets<br />Diversity<br />Influence<br />
  18. 18. Strengths-based Activity - TEAM STRENGTHENING<br />One person I would like to invite into my/the group is …..<br />The value this person brings is ….<br />And in which way?<br />So how would this strengthening make your team meetings/processes create more energy than they take away?<br />
  19. 19. PAAR … and strengths-building(from Cooperrider, 2008)<br />Outward into local community and global society<br />
  20. 20. We welcome your enquiries<br />irp_uk@btopenworld.com<br />www.reflectivepractices.co.uk<br />

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