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Technical codes


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Technical codes

  1. 1. Technical codes Rebecca Paterson
  2. 2. Camera Shot Angles, Distances and Movements. We identified the most common effectively used camera techniques in horror film trailers as being:•Extreme Close Up’s of characters faces and features like hands and feet, or eyes and mouths.This allows the audience to relate to the characters emotion or actions in the trailer, focusing onone part of the body creates enigma because we have a limited view of what is happening.•Establishing shots of the characters surroundings like a field or a forest also create enigmabecause of the isolation. This allows the audience to relate to the characters emotions of fearwhen the tension builds up later on in the trailer. They also use pans of settings to increase thissense of isolation.•Cantered angles create a distorted image in which the audience can only see part of what ishappening or because its at a cantered angles it is hard to see what is going on, this createsenigma with in the trailer.•Tracking shots are used to create a “peeping tom” atmosphere, this creates enigma because itallows the audience to view from the on-lookers perspective and gives a perception that thecharacter is being followed. This is even more effective when the tracking shot is hand held.•Extreme high and extreme low angles are used to create ideas of power and status, this allowsthe audience to create perceptions of victims and villains. This also increase tension and enigmabecause of the distorted image. This is even more effective when used in over shoulder shotsand midshots of characters faces because of the distorted image.•
  3. 3. My Horror TrailerTo establish the location in which the action takes place within our horror trailer we will useestablishing shots and pans of the surroundings like a long shot pan of the road that the villainand victim both live on and meet on and a long shot pan of the woods in which the action takesplace in.We will make our villain seem imposing in our trailer by the way we film him, you never quitesee his face which creates enigma, we see his feet walking, we see the back of his head, and wesee his face at very high and low angles in very dark lighting, because of this and the added facthe wears a bowler hat, you never quite see all of his face. This means that there is a sense ofmystery and menace towards the villain creating enigma.We will make out victim seem weak and venerable because she is a teenager there is sense ofchildhood about her, also the type of angles we use, like high angles to give the perception thatshe is little and small, create a weak and little view of her. In contrast to the low angles of thevillain this will impose a sense of danger.We will ensure that the audience is able to identify the stock character types in our film becauseof the clothes, gender, age and lighting. For example the victim will be young, teenager, modernclothes, female and well lit, and the villain will be older, bulky clothes, male and low key lighting.Female teenagers in particular are stock victims in horror films. Male characters are usuallyportrayed as villains, because our horror trailer is a psycho sub genre of horror movies, we haveused the character of an alternative ego which is a child this is also a stock character as it hasthe connotations of innocence and purity and this is in contrasts to the characters purpose inthe trailer which is evil and vindictive. (Binary Opposites – Levi Strauss)
  4. 4. We will create disorientation with in our trailer by the camera techniques and editingtechniques in our trailer. for example, hand held tracking shots, the shakiness of thefootage is effective in creating a disorientating image, also with in editing our trailer quickshort snap shots of action also create disorientation because of the snap shots that theaudience get.Our trailer is from the villains perspective and we show this through the camera shots,like over shoulder shots looking at victim, and the tracking shots of victim. The use of thefemale villain there is also an aspect of male gaze in our trailer, which is stereotypical ofhorror trailers, not just because of the female character and the shots of her, like thetracking shot of her, but because there is an aspect of the victim having no perspectivein the trailer, it is from the male villains perspective.
  5. 5. Editing and TransitionsThe pace of our horror trailer is quick and short snap shots of actions, this createsdistortion and confusion which creates enigma in the trailer for the audience. this effecton the audience creates suspense and tension which is ideal and effective in horrortrailers.When assembling our footage we have thought about narrative structure and we havedecided to use Todorov’s theory of equilibrium then disequilibrium and then resolution,however because we are creating a film trailer there will be no resolution because thiswould ruin the enigma created in the rest of the trailer through equilibrium anddisequilibrium to create meaning and the audience would not go and view it because theaudience e already knows the ending.In our editing we have created eye line matches, graphic matches, cross cutting, fadingto black, text and cut away action matches. This is all to create enigma and meaning toour horror trailer so that it is effective in drawing the audience in and creating tensionand fear so that the enigma is effective enough that they will want to see the film. (likereal horror trailers)
  6. 6. SoundWe will use diegetic and non-diegetic sound in our horror trailer, for example we will usediegetic sound like heavy breathing and screaming to create fear and we will usenon-diegetic sound like heart beat and music to create tension in our trailer.We may use a small clip of a sound track whenever our villain is on screen to createtension as the audience will relate this sound to danger this creates enigma.The volume of the sound on screen may very because the desired effect, the non-diegetic sound of music may be quite low in establishing shots but then may get louderas the action gets quicker to create tension and suspense.We will also use a sound bridge at the end of the trailer, of the victims scream, to createenigma from the action scene into the film title at the end this finalises the trailer andcreates fear and tension.
  7. 7. Mise-en sceneWe have thought about costumes for the characters, for the villain and his alter ego wehave used a black jacket and a bowler hat to signify that they are the same character,When lighting our trailer we have used low key lighting to depict the disequilibrium this iseffective because it creates a distorted image and creates enigma through thedisorientation. We have also used strobe lighting at the end of our trailer this alsocreates a distorted image and creates fear and tension therefore creating suspense inthe trailer which is effective at the end to finalise the trailer. Most of the action scenesarte shot at night this also creates an enigma. “being out after dark”When thinking about locations we decided to use a quiet and secluded residential areaand a house for the equilibrium for the feeling of safety and security but still; isolated,when thinking about disequilibrium we chose to use a Forrest to create a sense ofisolation and fear in the audience.Our iconography in the trailer is the bowler hat because it hides the face of the villain itcreates a sense of enigma. We do not use a weapon because it’s a psychological horrorwe only hint at violence as this is more effective and conventional.
  8. 8. We also thought about symbolic meaning in our horror trailer, the bowler hat is quite oldfashioned and this hints at control of women by men historically, and because he is“masked” creates enigma. Also the dark hints at danger and fear of night time and isused a symbol of death.