Wilson Chapter 23 To What Ends? AP Government Mr. Cambou
Objectives <ul><li>Identify the key factors associated with the growth of government </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the restra...
Old Politics to New Politics <ul><li>Political agenda has lengthened and government’s responsibilities have increased. </l...
Restraints on the Federal Gov. <ul><li>What constrained the government for the 1st 150 years? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suprem...
Relaxing the Restraints <ul><li>Changed interpretation of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Public and elite opinion have...
Old System Characteristics <ul><li>Small agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Limited leadership circle (machines) </li></ul><ul><li>S...
New System Characteristics <ul><li>Large agenda </li></ul><ul><li>No longer debate “legitimacy” of government action </li>...
Old vs. New -essential differences <ul><li>Harder to start a new program (old) vs. hard to change existing programs (new) ...
Changing political landscape <ul><li>1930s- New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>1960s- Great Society and the War on Poverty </li></ul>
Consequences of Activist Government <ul><li>Costs and benefits of programs need to be assessed individually </li></ul><ul>...
Ideas and their influence <ul><li>Preoccupation with rights - increased use of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Elite opinion ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

To What Ends

569 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
569
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
31
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

To What Ends

  1. 1. Wilson Chapter 23 To What Ends? AP Government Mr. Cambou
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Identify the key factors associated with the growth of government </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the restraints on government growth </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the consequences of activist government </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the influence of political structure and of ideas on the process of serving some goals rather than others. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the political system has changed and evaluate proposals for reforming it. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Old Politics to New Politics <ul><li>Political agenda has lengthened and government’s responsibilities have increased. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using US history as a guide, how can we illustrate this? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre 20th Century Politics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Few cared about National politics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fed government was small and predictable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What changed? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Restraints on the Federal Gov. <ul><li>What constrained the government for the 1st 150 years? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme court definition of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular opinion favored limited gov. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design of system favored limits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Why has a new, more expansive government endured? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Relaxing the Restraints <ul><li>Changed interpretation of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Public and elite opinion have changed </li></ul><ul><li>Wide distribution of political resources </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-TV and Mass Media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-College educations are more prevalent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- access to federal courts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Old System Characteristics <ul><li>Small agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Limited leadership circle (machines) </li></ul><ul><li>Small congressional staffs </li></ul><ul><li>State’s rights dominated </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic centered policy </li></ul><ul><li>Less powerful president </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis caused bold actions </li></ul>
  7. 7. New System Characteristics <ul><li>Large agenda </li></ul><ul><li>No longer debate “legitimacy” of government action </li></ul><ul><li>Interest groups </li></ul><ul><li>Debate over managing the country (Social Security, Civil Rights, budget) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Old vs. New -essential differences <ul><li>Harder to start a new program (old) vs. hard to change existing programs (new) </li></ul><ul><li>- How did Reagan’s presidency demonstrate this? </li></ul><ul><li>Power is centralized (old) vs. Decentralized power (new) </li></ul><ul><li>- Why is power decentralized in today’s system? How does this relate to our theories of political power? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changing political landscape <ul><li>1930s- New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>1960s- Great Society and the War on Poverty </li></ul>
  10. 10. Consequences of Activist Government <ul><li>Costs and benefits of programs need to be assessed individually </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Competing policies </li></ul><ul><li>Less control by the electorate </li></ul><ul><li>Greater risk of government failure- held accountable for so much </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ideas and their influence <ul><li>Preoccupation with rights - increased use of the courts </li></ul><ul><li>Elite opinion dictates which rights have priority </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom versus equality </li></ul><ul><li>Policy is influenced by ideas (more debate with less centralized power structure) </li></ul>

×