ILLITERACY

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ILLITERACY

  1. 1. RANJANI
  2. 2.  A person who is unable to sign and unable to read and write in simple sentences is called an ILLITERATE
  3. 3.  Economic condition of the people. Ineffective implementation of educational programmes in rural area. Lack of entrepreneurship by the educated to share and spread knowledge. Preference to work rather than to study(no internal economic incentives). Emigration of educated individuals(external economic incentives). No family support. Many sublings.
  4. 4.  UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) According to them in 2004 i. In North america the level of illiteracy rate was 6.9% or 42 million people. ii. In EUROPE the level of illiteracy rate was 2.2%or 13 million people. iii. In ASIA the level of illiteracy rate was 2% or 11.81 million people.
  5. 5. I.SARVA SHIKSHAABHIYAN :-
  6. 6. Illiteracy rate in differentregion:-
  7. 7.  Over the past few years, the state has seen a marked increase in the literacy level of the state, particularly in female literacy. In 1991, Rajasthans literacy rate was 38.55% (54.99% being male literates, and 20.44% being female literates). In 2001, this increased to 60.41% (75.70% being male literates and 43.85% being female literates). This was the highest leap in the percentage of literacy recorded in India (the rise in female literacy being 23%) and was also a remarkable achievement in the history of the state. Rajasthan is the largest state of the country The education in rajasthan, particularly of the girls, remained a neglected. Though girls are considered the squandered gift and precious human beings with enormous potential, still traditionally, they are the last to have their basic needs met and the first to be denied to the basic rights. Education of girls was never given its due importance, but the efforts of the last few decades have fetched an unbelievable result.
  8. 8.  Rajasthan has a big population which is still illiterate. People in the most of the rural areas are illiterate and don’t even have knowledge on literacy. It is very much know that education is not much known to people in the villages and government is taking measures to create awareness on literacy.. Looking up for good financial support and proper educational aids can lessen the illiteracy in Indian rural areas. There are problems which are persisting in most of the government educational institutes causing bad educational programs. These schools have no proper science laboratories or any equipment used in the laboratories. Biology, physics and chemistry are just theoretical subjects to be mugged up. due to mismanagement, lack of financial aids and proper teaching aids india is facing problems in its literacy rates. stiill in this 21st century there are children in the rural areas of rajasthan who don’t even have an institution to educate themselves. With poor administration and poor foundation there are many villages who have school buildings but no teachers to educate children. And places where there are teachers available have no children to study in. poor accountability has created the problem of literacy among many village children in India. Indian government has put a ban on child labour to encourage child literacy programs but still a lot is requires..
  9. 9.  Rajasthan has a big population which is still illiterate. People in the most of the rural areas are illiterate and don’t even have knowledge on literacy. It is very much know that education is not much known to people in the villages and government is taking measures to create awareness on literacy.. Looking up for good financial support and proper educational aids can lessen the illiteracy in Indian rural areas. There are problems which are persisting in most of the government educational institutes causing bad educational programs. These schools have no proper science laboratories or any equipment used in the laboratories. Biology, physics and chemistry are just theoretical subjects to be mugged up. due to mismanagement, lack of financial aids and proper teaching aids india is facing problems in its literacy rates. stiill in this 21st century there are children in the rural areas of rajasthan who don’t even have an institution to educate themselves. With poor administration and poor foundation there are many villages who have school buildings but no teachers to educate children. And places where there are teachers available have no children to study in. poor accountability has created the problem of literacy among many village children in India. Indian government has put a ban on child labour to encourage child literacy programs but still a lot is requires..
  10. 10.  Literacy efforts The right to education is a fundamental right,[ and UNESCO aims at education for all by 2015.[] India, along with the Arab states and sub-Saharan Africa, has a literacy level below the threshold level of 75%, but efforts are on to achieve that level. The campaign to achieve at least the threshold literacy level represents the largest ever civil and military mobilization in the country.[ International Literacy Day is celebrated each year on 8 September with the aim to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies. Government schemes National Literacy Mission The National Literacy Mission, launched in 1988, aimed at attaining a literacy rate of 75 per cent by 2007. It imparts functional literacy to non-literates in the age group of 15– 35 years. The Total Literacy Campaign is the principal strategy of the NLM for eradication of illiteracy. The Continuing Education Scheme provides a learning continuum to the efforts of the Total Literacy and Post literacy programmes.[ Sarva Siksha Abhiyan The Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (Hindi for Total Literacy Campaign) was launched in 2001 to ensure that all children in the 6–14 year age-group attend school and complete eight years of schooling by 2010. An important component of the scheme is the Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative and Innovative Education, meant primarily for children in areas with no formal school within a one kilometre radius. The centrally sponsored District Primary Education Programme, launched in 1994, had opened more than 160,000 new schools by 2005, including almost 84,000 alternative schools.[
  11. 11.  Non-governmental efforts The bulk of Indian illiterates live in the countrys rural areas, where social and economic barriers play an important role in keeping the lowest strata of society illiterate. Government programmes alone, however well intentioned, may not be able to dismantle barriers built over centuries. Major social reformation efforts are sometimes required to bring about a change in the rural scenario. Several non- governmental organizations such as ITC, Rotary Club, Lions Club have worked to improve the literacy rate in India. [Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation Shantha Sinha won a Magsaysay Award in 2003 in recognition of "her guiding the people of Andhra Pradesh to end the scourge of child labour and send all of their children to school." As head of an extension program at the University of Hyderabad in 1987, she organized a three-month-long camp to prepare children rescued from bonded labour to attend school. Later, in 1991, she guided her family’s Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya Foundation to take up this idea as part of its overriding mission in Andhra Pradesh. Her original transition camps grew into full-fledged residential "bridge schools." The foundations aim is to create a social climate hostile to child labour, child marriage and other practices that deny children the right to a normal childhood. Today the MV Foundation’s bridge schools and programs extend to 4,300 villages.[
  12. 12. Reasons for Low Literacy Rate The absence of adequate school infrastructure like improper facilities and inefficient teaching staff is one of the main factors affecting literacy in India. There is a shortage of 6lakh classrooms to accommodate all the students in 2006- 2007.[ In addition, there is no proper sanitation in most schools. The study of 188 government-run primary schools in central and northern India revealed that 59% of the schools had no drinking water facility and 89% no toilets A Public Report On Basic Education (PROBE) team did surveys and reported that India had very poor infrastructure in 1999 and a 25% rate of teachers being absent from school on any particular day in 2005. In 600,000 villages and multiplying urban slum habitats, ‘free and compulsory education’ is the basic literacy instruction dispensed by barely qualified ‘para teachers’.] The average Pupil Teacher Ratio for All India is 1:42, implying teacher shortage Such inadequacies resulted in a non- standardized school system where literacy rates may differ. Furthermore, the expenditure allocated to education was never above 4.3% of the GDP from 1951- 2002 despite the target of 6% by the Kothari Commission. This further complicates the literacy problem in India.
  13. 13.  58 of 100 adult in Canada aged 16 / 65 have the basic reading skills they need for most every day tasks 9 million of adult are illiterate if we go on 65 year older they percentage wll go to 12 million Canadians Police, court and other government dept..
  14. 14.  International Adult Literacy and Skills Survey in Based on the results of that survey, some broad statements about who has low literacy skills in Canada a) 2.6 million are immigrants b) 5.8 million employed and over 800,000 are unemployed c) 2.4 million are not actively in the workforce d) 3.1 million have less than high school education e) 3.3 million finished high school f) 2.6 million have post- secondary education People who have low literacy are found throughout Canadian society
  15. 15.  Men are more likely to have low literacy skills than women. Many people don’t read regularly, they get their news form television and radio, they don’t read for enjoyment either and they get their entertainment from the internet, TV, Movies and concerts they lose their reading skills. Many senior citizens have only elementary school education, and their reading skills were never up to today’s standard. Others have stopped reading their skills decline. Language problem, English - French Low literacy in Canada is a personal, family, community, and societal problem. And low literacy is a law enforcement problem
  16. 16.  Pakistan cannot survive unless the problems of illiteracy and overpopulation are solved. Illiteracy can be overcome only by making education compulsory for everyone, and preferably making it mandatory for all children to be taught in English, as is the practice in India
  17. 17.  The article 25-A of constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 year. The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen year in such a manner as may be determined by law
  18. 18. Age All All STs Khari Ho Mun Orao Sant Bhumi Loh Khargrou STs (Jhark a da n hal j ra warps (Indi hand) a)All 978 987 1026 1010 994 992 985 983 970 944ages0–6 973 979 977 986 983 966 980 984 982 991
  19. 19. Table to show Literacy RateLiterac All Orao Khari Mund Bhumi Ho Lohra Santh Khary STs n a a j al warrate (state )person 40.7 52.5 51.0 41.5 39.2 38.9 33.4 29.6female 27.2 40.8 42.2 47.9 34.9 24.0 23.9 25.0 19.5 13.9
  20. 20. Ecno All Santha Orao Mun Ho Khar Lohra Bhum Kharim-ic STs l n da war ij aCategoryCultiv 52.6 48.6 62.1 64.6 49.4 52.5 28.3 35.5 70.5atorsAgricu 31.0 38.4 21.0 21.2 34.1 39.7 3.5 3 47.3 20.5-lturalLabour-ersHHI 3.0 1.4 1.1 1.3 3.0 1.0 14.7 1.7 1.1WorkersOther 13.5 11.6 15.8 12.8 13.4 6.9 23.5 15.4 7.9Workers
  21. 21. DISCOVERY OF NEWRESOURCES
  22. 22.   THANKYOU HAVE A GOOD DAY   

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