Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

mirela kadribasic - hiv and the world of work


Published on

6th Regional Conference in Sarajevo, May 17-18 2012.

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

mirela kadribasic - hiv and the world of work

  1. 1. Partnerships in Health6th Regional Conference on HIV and AIDS"Treatment of Co-Infections and Innovative Approaches to prevention of HIV“ 17-18 May 2012, Sarajevo Mirela Kadribašić National Project Coordinator
  2. 2. Introduction:The HIV epidemic: There are 34 million people living with HIV Over half of those living with HIV are women New infections have declined in many countries but have increased in others Prevention is key—HIV is not yet curable but it is fully preventable HIV-related stigma and discrimination impede effective HIV prevention efforts Source: UNAIDS Global Report 2010 HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  3. 3. HIV is a public health issue …AND a human rights issue  One-third of PLHIV have experienced loss of employment and approximately half have experienced some form of employment discrimination  Other forms of discrimination and stigma against PLHIV are common  Key vulnerable groups are most affected Source: UNAIDS Global Report 2010 HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  4. 4. HIV and the world of work  90 % of people living with HIV are between 15 and 49 years of age  The workplace is an ideal venue to reach both women and men workers with prevention and awareness-raising information  By reaching workers we reach their spouses and children and, through them, we reach local communities HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  5. 5. Human rights violations in the workplace Stigma & discrimination and Gender Inequality
  6. 6. ILO and UN Action on HIV and human rightsInternational Instruments 2001 Declaration of International Guidelines Commitment on  1998 UNHCHR/UNAIDS HIV/AIDS International Guidelines 2006 Political on HIV/AIDS and Human Declaration on HIV/AIDS Rights (revised in 2002 and 2006) The HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010  2001 ILO Code of (No. 200) practice on HIV/AIDS and the world of work 2011 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS
  7. 7. The HIV and AIDS Recommendation,2010 (No. 200)  Is the first international labour standard on HIV and AIDS  Builds on the ten key principles of the ILO Code of practice (2001) and other international instruments  Addresses developments in the epidemic since 2001  Provides for inclusion of the workplace as an essential element of the HIV response HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  8. 8. Recommendation No. 200 - Key Principles HIV is a workplace issue  Right to continue in No discrimination employment (reasonable accommodation) Gender equality  Equal access to HIV A safe and healthy prevention, treatment, care workplace and support services for Social dialogue workers and their families No mandatory testing or  Prevention as a priority screening  Protection of workers in Confidentiality and non- occupations at risk of HIV disclosure transmission HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  9. 9. Non DiscriminationReal or perceived HIV status should not:  Prevent equal access to employment or occupation  Affect terms and conditions of employment, including working conditions, remuneration and access to benefits  Be a ground for dismissal  Prevent people living with HIV-related illness from continuing to work as long as they are medically fit, with reasonable accommodation if necessary HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  10. 10. Testing and Confidentiality No workers, including job applicants, should be required to undertake an HIV test or disclose their status HIV testing should be voluntary and respect guidelines on confidentiality, counselling and consent The results of testing should not endanger access to jobs, job security or opportunities for advancement Easily accessible dispute resolution procedures should be made available for violations of these rights HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  11. 11. Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment While HIV affects both men and women, women and girls are at greater risk and more vulnerable to HIV infection. They are also disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS as a result of gender inequality. For these reasons, women’s empowerment must be a key factor in the HIV response. HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  12. 12. Ensuring Gender Equality in the Workplace The Recommendation calls for workplace measures to:  Ensure gender equality and empowerment of women  Ensure prevention and prohibition of violence and harassment in the workplace  Promote the active participation of both men and women in the HIV response, regardless of sexual orientation  Promote the protection of sexual and reproductive health and rights HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)
  13. 13. Prevention is a priorityPrevention strategies should take gender and culturalconcerns into account.Workplace prevention programmes should include: Comprehensive education programmes for men and women to reduce the risk of all forms of HIV transmission Measures to encourage voluntary counselling and testing Access to all means of prevention HIV and AIDS Recommendation, 2010 (No. 200)