Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

1

Share

Download to read offline

Chap 27 next generation i pv6

Download to read offline

TCP-IP BY FOROUZAN

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Chap 27 next generation i pv6

  1. 1. CChhaapptteerr 2277 NNeexxtt GGeenneerraattiioonn:: IIPPvv66 aanndd IICCMMPPvv66 Objectives Upon completion you will be able to: • Understand the shortcomings of IPv4 • Know the IPv6 address format, address types, and abbreviations • Be familiar with the IPv6 header format • Know the extension header types • Know the differences between ICMPv4 and ICMPv6 • Know the strategies for transitioning from IPv4 to IPv6 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 1
  2. 2. 27.1 IPv6 IPv6 has these aaddvvaannttaaggeess oovveerr IIPPvv44:: 11.. llaarrggeerr aaddddrreessss ssppaaccee 22.. bbeetttteerr hheeaaddeerr ffoorrmmaatt 33.. nneeww ooppttiioonnss 44.. aalllloowwaannccee ffoorr eexxtteennssiioonn 55.. ssuuppppoorrtt ffoorr rreessoouurrccee aallllooccaattiioonn 66.. ssuuppppoorrtt ffoorr mmoorree sseeccuurriittyy TThhee ttooppiiccss ddiissccuusssseedd iinn tthhiiss sseeccttiioonn iinncclluuddee:: IIPPvv66 AAddddrreesssseess AAddddrreessss SSppaaccee AAssssiiggnnmmeenntt PPaacckkeett FFoorrmmaatt CCoommppaarriissoonn bbeettwweeeenn IIPPvv44 aanndd IIPPvv66 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 2
  3. 3. Figure 27.1 IPv6 address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 3
  4. 4. Figure 27.2 Abbreviated address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 4
  5. 5. Figure 27.3 Abbreviated address with consecutive zeros TCP/IP Protocol Suite 5
  6. 6. Figure 27.4 CIDR address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 6
  7. 7. Figure 27.5 Address structure TCP/IP Protocol Suite 7
  8. 8. TTaabbllee 2277..11 TTyyppee pprreeffiixxeess ffoorr IIPPvv66 aaddddrreesssseess TCP/IP Protocol Suite 8
  9. 9. Figure 27.6 Provider-based address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 9
  10. 10. Figure 27.7 Address hierarchy TCP/IP Protocol Suite 10
  11. 11. Figure 27.8 Unspecified address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 11
  12. 12. Figure 27.9 Loopback address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 12
  13. 13. Figure 27.10 Compatible address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 13
  14. 14. Figure 27.11 Mapped address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 14
  15. 15. Figure 27.12 Link local address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 15
  16. 16. Figure 27.13 Site local address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 16
  17. 17. Figure 27.14 Multicast address TCP/IP Protocol Suite 17
  18. 18. Figure 27.15 IPv6 datagram TCP/IP Protocol Suite 18
  19. 19. Figure 27.16 Format of an IPv6 datagram TCP/IP Protocol Suite 19
  20. 20. TTaabbllee 2277..22 NNeexxtt hheeaaddeerr ccooddeess TCP/IP Protocol Suite 20
  21. 21. TTaabbllee 2277..33 PPrriioorriittiieess ffoorr ccoonnggeessttiioonn--ccoonnttrroolllleedd ttrraaffffiicc TCP/IP Protocol Suite 21
  22. 22. TTaabbllee 2277..44 PPrriioorriittiieess ffoorr nnoonnccoonnggeessttiioonn--ccoonnttrroolllleedd ttrraaffffiicc TCP/IP Protocol Suite 22
  23. 23. TTaabbllee 2277..55 CCoommppaarriissoonn bbeettwweeeenn IIPPvv44 aanndd IIPPvv66 ppaacckkeett hheeaaddeerr TCP/IP Protocol Suite 23
  24. 24. Figure 27.17 Extension header format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 24
  25. 25. Figure 27.18 Extension header types TCP/IP Protocol Suite 25
  26. 26. Figure 27.19 Hop-by-hop option header format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 26
  27. 27. Figure 27.20 The format of options in a hop-by-hop option header TCP/IP Protocol Suite 27
  28. 28. Figure 27.21 Pad1 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 28
  29. 29. Figure 27.22 PadN TCP/IP Protocol Suite 29
  30. 30. Figure 27.23 Jumbo payload TCP/IP Protocol Suite 30
  31. 31. Figure 27.24 Source routing TCP/IP Protocol Suite 31
  32. 32. Figure 27.25 Source routing example TCP/IP Protocol Suite 32
  33. 33. Figure 27.26 Fragmentation TCP/IP Protocol Suite 33
  34. 34. Figure 27.27 Authentication TCP/IP Protocol Suite 34
  35. 35. Figure 27.28 Calculation of authentication data TCP/IP Protocol Suite 35
  36. 36. Figure 27.29 Encrypted security payload TCP/IP Protocol Suite 36
  37. 37. Figure 27.30 Transport mode encryption TCP/IP Protocol Suite 37
  38. 38. Figure 27.31 Tunnel-mode encryption TCP/IP Protocol Suite 38
  39. 39. TTaabbllee 2277..66 CCoommppaarriissoonn bbeettwweeeenn IIPPvv44 ooppttiioonnss aanndd IIPPvv66 eexxtteennssiioonn hheeaaddeerrss TCP/IP Protocol Suite 39
  40. 40. 27.2 ICMPv6 ICMPv6, while similar in strategy to ICMPv4, has cchhaannggeess tthhaatt mmaakkeess iitt mmoorree ssuuiittaabbllee ffoorr IIPPvv66.. IICCMMPPvv66 hhaass aabbssoorrbbeedd ssoommee pprroottooccoollss tthhaatt wweerree iinnddeeppeennddeenntt iinn vveerrssiioonn 44.. TThhee ttooppiiccss ddiissccuusssseedd iinn tthhiiss sseeccttiioonn iinncclluuddee:: EErrrroorr RReeppoorrttiinngg QQuueerryy TCP/IP Protocol Suite 40
  41. 41. Figure 27.32 Comparison of network layers in version 4 and version 6 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 41
  42. 42. Figure 27.33 Categories of ICMPv6 messages TCP/IP Protocol Suite 42
  43. 43. Figure 27.34 General format of ICMP messages TCP/IP Protocol Suite 43
  44. 44. Figure 27.35 Error-reporting messages TCP/IP Protocol Suite 44
  45. 45. TTaabbllee 2277..77 CCoommppaarriissoonn ooff eerrrroorr--rreeppoorrttiinngg mmeessssaaggeess iinn IICCMMPPvv44 aanndd IICCMMPPvv66 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 45
  46. 46. Figure 27.36 Destination-unreachable message format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 46
  47. 47. Figure 27.37 Packet-too-big message format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 47
  48. 48. Figure 27.38 Time-exceeded message format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 48
  49. 49. Figure 27.39 Parameter-problem message format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 49
  50. 50. Figure 27.40 Redirection message format TCP/IP Protocol Suite 50
  51. 51. Figure 27.41 Query messages TCP/IP Protocol Suite 51
  52. 52. TTaabbllee 2277..88 CCoommppaarriissoonn ooff qquueerryy mmeessssaaggeess iinn IICCMMPPvv44 aanndd IICCMMPPvv66 TCP/IP Protocol Suite 52
  53. 53. Figure 27.42 Echo request and reply messages TCP/IP Protocol Suite 53
  54. 54. Figure 27.43 Router-solicitation and advertisement message formats TCP/IP Protocol Suite 54
  55. 55. Figure 27.44 Neighbor-solicitation and advertisement message formats TCP/IP Protocol Suite 55
  56. 56. Figure 27.45 Group-membership messages TCP/IP Protocol Suite 56
  57. 57. Figure 27.46 Group-membership message formats TCP/IP Protocol Suite 57
  58. 58. Figure 27.47 Four situations of group-membership operation TCP/IP Protocol Suite 58
  59. 59. 27.3 TRANSITION FROM IPv4 TO IPv6 Three strategies have been devised by the IETF ttoo pprroovviiddee ffoorr aa ssmmooootthh ttrraannssiittiioonn ffrroomm IIPPvv44 ttoo IIPPvv66.. TThhee ttooppiiccss ddiissccuusssseedd iinn tthhiiss sseeccttiioonn iinncclluuddee:: DDuuaall SSttaacckk TTuunnnneelliinngg HHeeaaddeerr TTrraannssllaattiioonn TCP/IP Protocol Suite 59
  60. 60. Figure 27.48 Three transition strategies TCP/IP Protocol Suite 60
  61. 61. Figure 27.49 Dual stack TCP/IP Protocol Suite 61
  62. 62. Figure 27.50 Automatic tunneling TCP/IP Protocol Suite 62
  63. 63. Figure 27.51 Configured tunneling TCP/IP Protocol Suite 63
  64. 64. Figure 27.52 Header translation TCP/IP Protocol Suite 64
  65. 65. TTaabbllee 2277..99 HHeeaaddeerr ttrraannssllaattiioonn TCP/IP Protocol Suite 65
  • TahiraAwan3

    Jan. 15, 2020

TCP-IP BY FOROUZAN

Views

Total views

722

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

3

Actions

Downloads

36

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

1

×