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Energy Conservation


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Energy Conservation

  1. 1. Energy Conservation Jennifer Ezeh Tara Graham Angela Hutson
  2. 2. Energy Conservation Outline <ul><li>Conservation and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Why we should conserve energy </li></ul><ul><li>Handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Actions toward energy conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy conservation and cities </li></ul><ul><li>Cool Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Star </li></ul><ul><li>Energy conservation for the average family/home/individual </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Conservation and Efficiency <ul><li>Energy Conservation – the practice of decreasing the quantity of energy used while achieving a similar outcome of end use. Conservation is achieved by reducing energy consumption through a reduction in the amount of energy services consumed. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency – refers to products or systems using less energy to do the same or better job than conventional products or systems. Energy efficiency saves energy, saves money on utility bills, and helps protect the environment by reducing the amount of electricity that needs to be generated. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Should We Conserve Energy? <ul><li>Fossil fuels are the dominant source of energy in the United States, and therefore we should conserve our daily energy usage to reduce greenhouse gases contributing to global warming. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global temperatures are expected to continue to rise as human activities continue to add carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and other greenhouse (or heat-trapping) gases to the atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finite amount of fossil fuel reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation preserves current supplies for future use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current projections anticipate U.S. energy demands to increase by more than one-third by 2030, with electricity demand alone rising by more than 40 percent (EIA, 2006). </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Recycling Fun Facts <ul><li>Recycling plastic saves twice as much energy as burning it in an incinerator </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of one aluminum can saves enough energy to run a TV for 3 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling of one glass container saves enough energy to light a 100-watt bulb for 4 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Each ton of paper recycled can save 17 trees, 380 gallons of oil, three cubic yards of landfill space, 4,000 kilowatts of energy, 7,000 gallons of water and 60 pounds of air pollution </li></ul>
  6. 6. Consumption Statistics <ul><li>Though the United States consists of less than 5% of the world’s population, it’s energy consumption is almost 25% of the world’s total. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Estimated Reserves <ul><li>U.S. oil reserves in 2003 were estimated to be 143 billion barrels. </li></ul><ul><li>These reserves are distributed as follows: Texas, 24 percent; Alaska, 22 percent; California, 17 percent; and the Gulf of Mexico, 14 percent. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. oil consumption in 2000 was 7.3 billion barrels. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  8. 8. Actions towards Energy Conservation
  9. 9. The EPA’s Clean Energy-Environment State Partnership Program <ul><li>A voluntary program designed to help states analyze and implement available policies and programs that effectively integrate clean energy into a low-cost, clean, reliable energy system for the state. </li></ul><ul><li>The Guide to Action identifies and describes 16 clean energy policies and strategies that are delivering economic and environmental results for states. </li></ul>
  10. 10. EPA’s Clean Energy-Environment Guide to Action Aids States in: <ul><li>Developing clean energy programs and policies appropriate to their state. </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying the roles and responsibilities of key decision makers – such as environmental regulators, state legislators, public utility commissioners, and state energy offices. </li></ul><ul><li>Accessing and applying technical assistance resources, models, and tools available for state-specific analyses and program implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning from each other as they develop their own clean energy programs and policies. </li></ul><ul><li>This program is voluntary. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Energy Policy Act of 2005 and Energy Conservation <ul><li>Provides tax breaks for those making energy conservation improvements to their homes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax reductions/incentives of $1.3 billion for conservation and energy efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires that Federal Fleet vehicles capable of operating on alternative fuels be operated on these fuels exclusively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>executive order 13423 - designed to strengthen Federal environmental, energy and transportation management. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extends daylight saving time by approximately four weeks </li></ul>
  12. 12. Daylight Savings Time <ul><li>This year, Daylight Saving Time is four weeks longer than last year with the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Extending daylight savings time is expected to save 10,000 barrels of oil each day through reduced use of power by businesses during daylight hours. </li></ul><ul><li>The change to daylight saving time allows us to use less energy in lighting our homes by taking advantage of the longer and later daylight hours </li></ul>
  13. 13. Energy Conservation and cities Jennifer Ezeh
  14. 14. Conservation of Energy in Cities <ul><li>All over America cities, counties and states are launching an exciting grassroots movement to help solve one of our country’s most pressing problems: global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>Local leaders are moving forward with innovative energy solutions that cut our dependence on oil, benefit public health, and save taxpayer dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>These mayors, county commissioners, and governors are leading the way toward a safer and more secure future. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cool CITIES Solving Global Warming One City at a Time
  16. 16. What are Cool Cities? <ul><li>The purpose of “cool cities” is to provide a resource for local citizens and local officials who are ready to take real action to reduce energy waste and heat-trapping global warming pollution in their communities. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Four Steps to Become a Cool City <ul><li>Step 1: Take the “Cool Cities” Pledge by City’s Mayor signing U.S. Mayor Climate Protection Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Conduct a Global Warming Emissions Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Create a Solutions Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Implement and Monitor Progress </li></ul>
  18. 18. How can cities accomplish these ambitious goals? <ul><li>By adopting Cool Cities strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaner Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy </li></ul>
  19. 19. Green Vehicle Solutions <ul><li>Solution #1– Green Fleets </li></ul><ul><li>Many cities are reducing air pollution by “greening” their fleets with hybrid gas electric and other vehicles that go farther on a gallon of gas. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently 48 U.S. towns and cities in 36 states have green fleets programs, as do 26 counties and 17 state governments. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Green Vehicle Solutions <ul><li>Solution #2-Hybrid Vehicle Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to purchasing hybrid vehicles for city fleets, local governments can encourage citizens and business to buy hybrids vehicles with a wide range of incentives. </li></ul><ul><li>Some cities are already providing incentives such as free parking for hybrid vehicles, lower registrations fees and taxes. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Green Vehicle Solutions <ul><li>Solution #3: Clean Buses </li></ul><ul><li>Many cities are replacing polluting old buses with buses that run in cleaner compressed natural gas (CNG) or with hybrid-electric diesel engines. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Cool Cities Across America
  23. 23. Seattle: Cool City Model <ul><li>The city government has already reduced its own global warming by more than 60 percent by constructing green building and operating alternative fuel vehicles. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Seattle: Cool City Model <ul><li>Seattle City Light is the only electric utility </li></ul><ul><li>in the country producing zero net greenhouse gas emissions, and the city is working to expand transportation choices, recycling, and urban forest restoration. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Houston, Texas <ul><li>In April 2005, Bill White the mayor announced plans to convert a substantial portion of the city of Houston's fleet of cars, pickup trucks, and sport utility vehicle to hybrids by the year 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>The city estimated that 80 percent of all new vehicle purchase and over 50 percent of the city’s fleet could be hybrid vehicles by the year 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>The Toyota Prius hybrid should provide net savings of almost $1,900, in comparison to a conventional gasoline only full-sized sedan, according to city of Houston study. </li></ul><ul><li>Over the lifetime of the vehicle, a hybrid Toyota Pruis will release 43 fewer tons to global warming pollution compared to an average sedan </li></ul>
  26. 26. Washington, D.C <ul><li>Millions of visitors who visit the nation’s capital each year to see the monuments and museums can breathe easier because of the city’s clean, natural gas buses which improve pollution. </li></ul><ul><li>Over the past four years, the Washington's metropolitan Area Transit Authority has replaces 414 of its polluting diesel buses with cleaner burning compressed natural gases. </li></ul><ul><li>Every natural gas bus replaces the need for nearly 10,000 gallons of diesel fuel each year, thereby reducing global warming pollution. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Salt Lake City <ul><li>Currently, the city saves over $32,000 a year on its energy costs as a results of installing 861 light emitting diode (LED) traffic signals. </li></ul><ul><li>The city plans to expand this program to all of its 1630 red and green lights which is expected to save over 500 tons of heat-trapping carbon dioxide pollution each year with annual cost savings of $53,000. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Fort Collins, Colorado <ul><li>Has a program that sets strong clean energy targets and is working to produce 15 percent of the city’s electricity by 2017 and reduce per capita energy consumption 10 percent by 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>Over the full time frame of the program, Fort Collins expects to reduce its global warming carbon dioxide emission by 472,000 tons. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Is Denton a Cool City? <ul><li>Yes, the former mayor, Euline Brock, had signed the U.S Mayors Climate Protection Agreement– the first step to becoming a Cool City. </li></ul>
  30. 30. What is Denton doing? <ul><li>The Energy Audit Program was designed to increase your efficiency awareness and help lower your monthly utility bills by providing energy saving tips. </li></ul><ul><li>How it Works By calling 940-349-7137, you can schedule an appointment with a representative from the Denton Municipal Electric's Energy Management division. </li></ul><ul><li>The representative will conduct a walk-through audit of your home and discusses personal habits, while pointing out areas that can be improved to help increase your home efficiency which can also help to lower your electric bills </li></ul>
  31. 31. WHAT IS ENERGY STAR ? <ul><li>ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy helping us all save money and protect the environment through energy efficient products and practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Results are already adding up. Americans, with the help of ENERGY STAR, saved enough energy in 2006 alone to avoid greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to those from 25 million cars — all while saving $14 billion on their utility bills. </li></ul>
  33. 33. What UNT campuses are doing ? <ul><li>UNTHSC encourages employees to utilize the golf carts since many of them are electrically powered. </li></ul><ul><li>The faculty are required to turn off lights when leaving conference rooms, offices, labs, classrooms, etc and turning off computer when they are not in use. </li></ul><ul><li>UNT purchases include more flat panel computer monitors which use less electricity than the CRT style monitors, regardless of the brand. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Why should you care? <ul><li>It is our responsibility to be good stewards of the earth's resources for future generations. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Energy Conservation for the average family/home/individual
  36. 36. Listen to Who’s Marching <ul><li>Barbara Adams- “ In Pennsylvania, under the governorship of Ed Rendell, we are galvanized into action to stop global warming, because of the mounting evidence of the destruction it wreaks and the knowledge that we can make a difference.” </li></ul><ul><li>Barenaked Ladies- “We've had a great time greening our tour; from using biodiesel in our trucks and buses to making sure there's recycling backstage, as well as more re-useable cups, plates and cutlery. knowledge that we can make a difference.” </li></ul><ul><li>Roger Barnett- “ I am joining this march because I believe that we each have a personal responsibility to do our part to make the world a better and safer place for our children and for future generations.” </li></ul>
  37. 37. What We Can Do <ul><li>Scientists have concluded that human activity, primarily the burning of fossil fuels, is the major driving factor in global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming can be slowed, and stopped, with practical actions that yield a cleaner, healthier atmosphere. The question is: will we act soon enough? It is a matter of time. </li></ul>
  38. 38. What We Can Do At Home <ul><li>Change 5 lights </li></ul><ul><li>Look for ENERGY STAR labeled products </li></ul><ul><li>Heat and cool smartly </li></ul><ul><li>Seal up your home with better insulation and duct work </li></ul><ul><li>Use green power </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce, Reuse, Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Be green in your yard </li></ul><ul><li>Use water efficiently </li></ul>
  39. 39. What We Can Do On The Road <ul><li>Buy smart </li></ul><ul><li>Drive smart </li></ul><ul><li>Tune your ride </li></ul><ul><li>Check your tires </li></ul><ul><li>Give your car a break </li></ul><ul><li>Combine your trips </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommute </li></ul><ul><li>Use alternative fuels </li></ul>
  40. 40. What We Can Do At School <ul><li>As Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate your school’s climate impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get involved at your college or university </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As Educators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring science to life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage students in estimating emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn from other educators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As Administrators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Save money and the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimate emissions and take the challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce, Reuse, Recycle </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. What We Can Do At The Office <ul><li>Manage office equipment energy use better </li></ul><ul><li>Look for ENERGY STAR labeled products for the office </li></ul><ul><li>Use less energy for your commute </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce, Reuse, Recycle </li></ul>
  42. 42. Leap Frog Into Action <ul><li>Excited about your current action??? Keep up the momentum, and leapfrog to the next. There are always new events being planned to take action against global warming. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Take the Campus Climate Challenge <ul><li>The Campus Climate Challenge is a project of more than 30 leading youth organizations throughout the U.S. and Canada. The Challenge unites young people to organize on college campuses and high schools to win 100% Clean Energy policies at their schools. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Support Native Energy <ul><li>Native Energy helps build Native American, farmer-owned, community based renewable energy projects that create social, economic, and environmental benefits. </li></ul>Owl Feather War Bonnet Wind Farm Wanner Family Dairy Farm Methane Project Alaska Native Village Wind Farmer-Owned Distributed Wind
  45. 45. Step It Up <ul><li>“ Step it up, Congress! Cut Carbon 80% by 2050.” </li></ul><ul><li>This is our organizing hub for a National Day of Climate Action--April 14th, 2007 . </li></ul><ul><li>There are already 1067 events planned in 50 states across the country! </li></ul><ul><li>Start or join an action! </li></ul>Denton, TX The Square 11:30-2:00 Plano, TX Fair Friends Action Day 40 miles away Fort Worth, TX No New Coal Plants! 54 miles away Fort Worth, TX step it up FUNKYTOWN 55 miles away Plano, TX LIve Green in Plano Walk, Energy Film & Concert 60 miles away Dallas, TX Step It Up Dallas 2007 65 miles away Sherman/Denison, TX Step It Up - Texoma 67 miles away Dallas, TX Step It Up Oak Cliff 67 miles away
  46. 46. Reduce Your Carbon Footprint <ul><li>Carbon Footprint is a measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of green house gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Become Carbon Neutral <ul><li>Reduce What You Can, Offset What You Can’t . Take steps to minimize your own carbon emissions, and when you have done what you can, offset the remainder. Become carbon neutral. </li></ul><ul><li>ICOC (International Carbon Offset Council) provides multiple option carbon credits to counterbalance personal pollution. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimates offsets for the average person, driver, home, vacation etc. </li></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Educate Yourself <ul><li>“ This book is fabulous! It couldn't be more timely. It's practical, accessible and effective. Getting people to take on global warming at a personal level is critical to tackling the issue. The Low Carbon Diet can make a huge difference.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>– Denis Hayes, Co-founder, Earth Day, President and CEO, Bullitt Foundation </li></ul>
  49. 49. In Conclusion… <ul><li>Energy conservation goes hand in hand with strong energy efficiency measures, education, and a strong environmental ethic. </li></ul>
  50. 50. References… <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Remember Earth Day April 22 nd , 2007