T SC 342 STUDENT PRESENTATION

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T SC 342 STUDENT PRESENTATION

  1. 1. Nick Robson<br />Poverty and Natural Disasters<br />
  2. 2. Natural Disasters<br />In Developing Countries<br />$35 billion a year in damages from natural disasters. <br />Equally split between:<br /> Floods<br />Windstorms <br />Earthquakes<br />On a per capita GDP basis, this is 20 times the cost in the developed world.<br />Compared to The United States<br />Developing Countries – Less than 2% absorbed by insurance <br />United States – 50% absorbed by insurance <br />
  3. 3. 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami<br />It struck several hours after the earthquake<br />Most victims taken completely by<br />surprise <br />No tsunami warning systems in the <br />Indian Ocean<br />By the end of the day, 150,000 <br />people killed. <br />The final death toll was 283,000.<br />The risk of famine and epidemic diseases was extremely high immediately following the tsunami <br />bodies rotting in the tropical heat contaminated food and water sources. <br />
  4. 4. 2010 Haiti Earthquake<br />316,000 died -- 300,000 injured -- 1,000,000 made homeless<br />250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings destroyed<br />Thousands of bodies had been placed on the streets<br />15,000 primary and 1,500 secondary schools destroyed or damaged<br />Electric, plumbing, and communication systems all taken down<br />
  5. 5. Human Mistakes<br />Much growth in developing countries has been unplanned<br />Areas prone to incident<br />Hillsides<br />Flood plains<br />Methods to obtain natural resources are unsafe<br />Strip mining<br />Clear cut logging<br />
  6. 6. Natural Disasters Cause Poverty<br />Limited resources inhibit construction of adequate <br />Housing<br />Infrastructure<br />Mechanisms for responding to crises <br />They can take away everything a family has to own<br />Take away jobs<br />Natural disasters also cause:<br />Famine<br />Hunger<br />Droughts<br />
  7. 7. Ethical Arguments<br />Rights Theory<br />Right to life<br />Food<br />Water<br />Air<br />Utilitarian Theory<br />Seek the greatest good for the greatest number<br />Justice Principle <br />Fairness: equality of treatment<br />
  8. 8. Bibliography<br />Alcántara-AyalaCorrespondingAuthor Contact Information, Irasema. "Geomorphology, natural hazards, vulnerability and prevention of natural disasters in developing countries ." Geomorphology 47.2-4 (2002): 107-124. Web. 6 Jul 2011. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169555X02000831<br />Alexander, David. Natural Disasters. CRC, 1993. Print. <br />"Haiti raises earthquake toll to 230,000". AP. The Washington Post. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 30 April 2010.<br />Hill, Charolotte. "How Poverty Makes Natural Disasters Worse." Change.org 01 Jan 2010: n. pag. Web. 6 Jul 2011. http://news.change.org/stories/how-poverty-makes-natural-disasters-worse<br />Kulshreshtha , Arun. "Management of Natural Disasters in Developing Countries ." Centre for Science & Technology of Non-Aligned and Other Developing Countries (2006): n. pag. Web. 8 Jul 2011. http://researchsea.com/html/article.php/aid/1145/cid/6/research/management_of_natural_disasters_in_developing_countries.html<br />

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