Meaning & Significance
Lecture 1
Definition
• It is a field of study with common body of
knowledge
• It studies 3 determinants of behavior: those of
indivi...
Goals of OB
• Describe behaviour: how people behave under a
variety of conditions
• Understand behaviour: understand why p...
Nature/Scope/Features
• 3 levels of analysis: individuals, groups and
organizations
• Distinct field of study: a large num...
..contd
• Focus on application: aims to make real difference
to organization problems, like reducing work related
stress
•...
Importance/ significane
• Uncover hidden aspects of organization:
attitudes such as perceptions, group norms,
informal rel...
Limitations
• Theoretical: it has limited practical applicability
• Behavioral flavor: too much emphasis on
behavior while...
Contributing disciplines
• Psychology: Learning, motivation, personality,
training, job satisfaction
• Sociology: Group dy...
OB Models
• Autocratic: Managers believe that subordinates are
always lazy & want to avoid responsibility. Therefore
they ...
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Introduction OB by Neeraj Bhandari ( Surkhet.Nepal )

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Introduction OB by Neeraj Bhandari ( Surkhet.Nepal )

  1. 1. Meaning & Significance Lecture 1
  2. 2. Definition • It is a field of study with common body of knowledge • It studies 3 determinants of behavior: those of individuals, groups and organizations • It applies the knowledge gained about individuals, groups & the effect of structures on behavior in order to make organizations work more effectively
  3. 3. Goals of OB • Describe behaviour: how people behave under a variety of conditions • Understand behaviour: understand why people behave as they do in organisations • Predict behaviour: predict future employee behaviour like productive and unproductive employees • Control behaviour: control & develop some human activity at work(skill development, team effort etc)
  4. 4. Nature/Scope/Features • 3 levels of analysis: individuals, groups and organizations • Distinct field of study: a large number of research studies are being added to its knowledge bank • Interdisciplinary in nature: draws its concepts form a wide variety of social science subjects • Use of scientific methods: it is based on systematic observations & measurement of the behavior of individuals
  5. 5. ..contd • Focus on application: aims to make real difference to organization problems, like reducing work related stress • Contingency thinking: different situations require different behavioral practices for greater effectiveness • Subset of management: it an integral part of overall management practices • Integrative in nature: it seeks to fulfill employees’ needs & aspirations while trying to realize organizational goals
  6. 6. Importance/ significane • Uncover hidden aspects of organization: attitudes such as perceptions, group norms, informal relationships • Explain & predict behavior: since managers need to get the work done through others • Acquire people skills: ways of handling & motivating people • Formulate judgments: develop ideas of handling people & situations
  7. 7. Limitations • Theoretical: it has limited practical applicability • Behavioral flavor: too much emphasis on behavior while neglecting other aspects • Manipulative: May use the concepts for manipulating others
  8. 8. Contributing disciplines • Psychology: Learning, motivation, personality, training, job satisfaction • Sociology: Group dynamics, power, conflict, organization culture, change • Social Psychology & Economics: attitudes, group decision making • Anthropology: cross cultural analysis, organization environment • Political science: conflict, power & politics
  9. 9. OB Models • Autocratic: Managers believe that subordinates are always lazy & want to avoid responsibility. Therefore they must be controlled & threatened to work. • Custodial: Managers use welfare programs to take care of the physical & security needs of employees • Supportive: These relate to healthy superior subordinate relationship for getting the work done • Collegial: Teamwork is the essence of success. • Systems: integrative organization systems. A sense of caring is said to be the foundation of managerial success.

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