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How To Administer Oral Medications


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step by step administration of oral medications

How To Administer Oral Medications

  1. 1. How to Administer Oral Medications
  2. 2. The Six Right’s <ul><li>Right Medication </li></ul><ul><li>Right patient </li></ul><ul><li>Right Dosage </li></ul><ul><li>Right Route (oral, IV, IM) </li></ul><ul><li>Right Time </li></ul><ul><li>Right documentation </li></ul>Before Administering Any Medication Check:
  3. 3. Preparation <ul><li>Wash Hands before preparing medications </li></ul>
  4. 4. Preparation <ul><li>Check each medication against doctor’s order </li></ul><ul><li>Know the side effects </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare medications for one patient at a time </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preparation <ul><li>Select proper medication </li></ul><ul><li>Compare with doctor’s order again </li></ul><ul><li>Check expiration dates </li></ul><ul><li>Perform calculations if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Check each medication as it is prepared </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tablets <ul><li>Place unit dose-packaged meds in med cup </li></ul><ul><li>Pour tablets into bottle cap and then into med cup </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary, break only scored tablets </li></ul>
  7. 7. Liquids <ul><li>Hold label of bottle against palm </li></ul><ul><li>Read dosage at eye level (bottom of the meniscus </li></ul><ul><li>Wipe lip of the bottle with paper towel before replacing lid </li></ul>
  8. 8. Identify the Patient <ul><li>Check patient id band </li></ul><ul><li>Ask the patient his/her name or </li></ul><ul><li>Verify patient’s id with a staff member who knows patient </li></ul>3 correct methods
  9. 9. Administration <ul><li>Carefully transport medications to bedside </li></ul><ul><li>Keep medications in sight at all times </li></ul><ul><li>See patient receives medication at correct time </li></ul>
  10. 10. Administration <ul><li>Check patient’s allergies </li></ul><ul><li>Assist patient to upright position </li></ul><ul><li>Remain with patient until each medication has been followed </li></ul>
  11. 11. Administration <ul><li>Wash Hands after adminstering medications </li></ul>
  12. 12. Documentation <ul><li>Record each medication in patient’s chart </li></ul><ul><li>Record if medication was refused </li></ul><ul><li>Record if patient’s condition warranted omitting medication </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Check patient after 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Minutes to verify his/her </li></ul><ul><li>Response to medication </li></ul>