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Issue Date:
Revision:
Governmental Policy and
IPv6 Adoption:
Strategic Linkages
ITU ACMA International Training Program 2014
24 July 2014, Sydney, Australia
Adam Gosling
Internet Policy Development Consultant, APNIC
24 July 2014
1
Agenda
• About the Internet and APNIC
– About Internet Protocol: IPv4 and IPv6
• IPv4 addresses exhaustion and need to adopt IPv6
• IPv6 readiness in the world
• Linkage between government policies and IPv6 adoption
• Recommendations
2
Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
(APNIC)
• One of five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)
• Open membership-based industry bodies
– Non-profit, neutral, and independent
• Internet number resource allocation and registration
• Other services such as
– Training & capacity building
– Supporting infrastructure
– Community cooperation
The Internet
• A global system of interconnected computer networks
– Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
– Internet Protocol (IP) provide connectivity
• Every device directly connected needs a unique IP address
– Not the same as a domain name
– Packets, addressing, and routing
– IPv4 and IPv6 addresses = Internet number resources
– IP address space is finite
IPv4 address exhaustion
• IPv4 addresses reached the final free pool
– APNIC (April 2011)
– RIPE (Sept 2012)
– LACNIC (June 2014)
• APNIC members
– /22 from the final pool
– /22 from IANA returned pool
5
http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/
The IP Addresses
IPv4 IPv6
Deployed 1981 Deployed 1999
32-bit address
192.149.252.76
128-bit address
2001:DB8:0234:AB00:0123:4567:8901:ABCD
Address space
232 = ~4,000,000,000
Address space
2128 = ~340,000,000,
000,000,000,000,000,
000,000,000,000,000
Security, autoconfig, QoS,
mobility added later (IPSec etc)
Security, autoconfig, QoS
“built-in” (IPSec etc)
Reached the final /8: April 2011 Projected lifetime: Indefinite*
* We don't know how long IPv6 will last, but the RIRs cannot
contemplate IPv6 exhaustion in the foreseeable future
IPv6 address space
How much has been allocated to the RIRs?
7
What does this mean to all of us?
• Internet industry is facing a big challenge; the biggest since
inception of the Internet
• Internet multi-stakeholders need to transit to IPv6
• Government support for IPv6 deployment is critical to
maintain global competitiveness
Growth path of the
Internet
• The next wave of Internet growth
• Planning future growth of your
business
9
The Internet: Phenomenal growth
10
http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/, http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia, http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.html
World
16 million users in 1995
2.8 billion users in 2013
Asia:
115 million users in 2000
1 billion users in 2013
And the Internet is still growing
11
http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/, http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia, http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.html
3.6 billion Internet
users by 2017 in the
world
Over 47% of the world’s
projected population (7.6
billion)
And the Internet is still growing
12
http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/, http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia, http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.html
3.6 billion Internet
users by 2017 in the
world
Over 47% of the world’s
projected population (7.6
billion)
1.33 billion Internet users in Asia by 2015, +30 % from 2013
The next wave of Internet growth
• Mobile networks with always on mobile devices
– IP-based services
– Much larger impact on the fundamental nature of the Internet
• Research suggests 3G and 4G market share to increase to
53% by 2017
13
http://www.gsmamobileeconomy.com/GSMA%20Mobile%20Economy%202013.pdf
Impact of IPv4 address exhaustion
• Immediate impact
– ISPs will no longer be able to obtain IPv4 addresses from APNIC
• Survive for a short time of period with their own pool
• Business continuity of ISPs and other Internet multi-stakeholders in question
– Need to find alternative source for IPv4 addresses
• No sustainable alternative options
• Prolonged impact
– Difficulties to maintain sustainable Internet growth
– No more new entries to the Internet market place
– Impediment of further technological development
14
In preparation for
exhaustion…
• Soft landing
• Liquidity and supply
• Transition support
15
What measures
did the APNIC
policy community
take to prepare for
IPv4 exhaustion
and the
deployment of
IPv6?
Multistakeholder policy development
• Open
– Anyone can propose, discuss, and help decide policy
• Transparent
– APNIC publicly documents all policy discussions and decisions
• Bottom up
– Policy Development Process (PDP) and the policies are determined
by the community they serve
16
Resource
management goals
• Conservation
– Efficient use of resources
– Based on demonstrated need
• Aggregation
– Limit routing table growth
– Support provider-based routing
• Registration
– Ensure uniqueness
– Facilitate trouble shooting
17
Goals
Uniqueness
Registration
Aggregation
Conservation
Fairness
Minimized Overhead
Conflict of goals
Soft landing austerity measures
• Restrictions on access to the free pool
• Enabled assignments from the final /8
• Reduced the minimum delegation size for the final /8 policy
18
APNIC address transfer services
• Pre-approval service, with opt-in anonymous listing
• Broker listing service
• Mailing list for discussion and sourcing
• Public transfer log (transparency)
• Transfer fees apply (user pays)
19
IPv6 Deployment
• IPv6 supply – Kickstart
• Training & Capacity Building
• Measurement
20
IPv6 Kickstart
• Make it very easy
– Members with an IPv4 delegation
– One or two clicks
– No technical assessment
• No additional cost
– For many Members
21
APNIC partnering for development
• IPv6 capacity development
– “IPv6 Workshops” in collaboration with regional organizations
• APNIC works closely with external partners and community
groups to share knowledge and information
– 15 NOGs in the region (and more to come)
– APEC TEL, APT, ASEAN, ITU, and SPC, etc.
• Contribute to multi-stakeholder outreach efforts
– Regional conferences
APNIC Training and Engineering
Assistance
• Building capacity with APNIC Training
– To support resilient and scalable Internet infrastructure
• IPv4 to IPv6 Transition, IPv6 Workshop, Network Security, Routing and
BGP etc.
• Engineering Assistance provided by Internet experts
– Cost recovery basis direct assistance – IP peering, IPv4 and
IPv6 network, Internet infrastructure security
23
training.apnic.net
APNIC Training in 2013 (2012)
24
APNIC Labs: IPv6 measurement
• Comprehensive reports on IPv6 uptake
– Global, economy, and network levels
• IPv6 Capability Tracker
– Free tool for website operators to measure client IPv6 capabilities
• Measuring IPv6
– IPv6 readiness data for intergovernmental organizations and
economies
• http://labs.apnic.net
25
IPv6 measurement - End user
readiness: World
26
http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/Regions/001%20World/ as of 24/06/2014
Data source from “flash” and “JavaScript”
and including viewers from mobile devices
16 Nov 13
IPv6 preferred: 2.45
about 30% increase in 6 months
Global IPv6 deployment leaderboard
(commercial operators)
27
ASN Entity Economy IPv6
preferred
rate
22394 Cellco Verizon Wireless US 63.39
6848 Telenet N.V BE 45.73
10091 StarHub Cable Vision Ltd SG 43.48
18126 CTCX Chubu Telecommunications Company; Inc. JP 37.72
31334 Kabel Deutschland Vertrieb und Service GmbH DE 34.78
2516 KDDI KDDI CORPORATION JP 30.29
3303 Swisscom Ltd CH 27.00
29562 Kable BW GmbH DE 25.88
55430 STARHUBINTERNET-AS-NGNBN Starhub Internet Pte Ltd SG 24.93
21928 T-Mobile USA US 24.81
41164 GET Norway NO 20.38
7018 AT&T US 20.36
12322 Free SAS FR 19.89
7922 Comcast Cable Communications US 19.83
4739 INTERNODE-AS Internode Pty Ltd AU 19.37
http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/AS/ 24/06/2014
Summary
• IPv6 deployment is increasing steadily
– But varies among regions, economies, and individual ASNs
– Not happening simultaneously
– Some economies and ASNs have been very active in terms of IPv6
deployment
• Once they enable IPv6 in their network and handsets, their end user
readiness grows VERY rapidly
28
Conclusion
• Linkage between government
policies and IPv6
• Recommendations
29
IPv6 informaton for Governments
www.apnic.net/ipv6
30
Information sharing: Governments
• China
– Great leadership shown by the Chinese State Council
– IPv6 mandates to the industry in Nov 2011: SPs in China are
responding to this mandate
• India
– Department of Telecommunications announced a plan to mandate
state government ministries, departments, and public sector to transit
to IPv6 by March 2012, and updated it March 2013
• Singapore
– IPv6 Transition Program lead by Infocomm Development Authority
(iDA) of Singapore since 2010
– Published IPv6 Adoption Guide for Singapore in March 2011
http://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-for-governments
Information sharing:
APEC TEL IPv6 Guidelines
• Published in 2010
– APNIC contributed its development
• Scope of the document
– Lead the industry by example in adopting IPv6
• Ensuring governments’ online presence via IPv4+IPv6
• New procurement requirements with IPv6
– Be ready with transition – do not buy legacy equipment!
– Partnership between governments and industry
• Periodic information exchange and collaboration
– Human capacity development
• Enhance IPv6 skills of technical staff
• IPv6 training programs to be shared
– International and cross-agency cooperation
• Sharing information on IPv6 Best Current Practice
• Avoid duplicating efforts IPv6 implementation
http://www.apec.org/~/media/Files/Groups/TEL/2010_APEC-TEL-IPv6-guidelines-FINAL.doc
Recommendations
• Mandate for IPv6 readiness in government procurement
forms for ICT goods and services
• Conduct research on IPv6 readiness in the industry
• Develop policies, guidelines, and roadmaps to enable IPv6
in government and network infrastructure
• Subsidize IPv6 skilling up for industry members to support
human capacity development
• Lead the industry by example in adopting IPv6
• Partnership between government and industry
• Include the necessity of IPv6 deployment in ministerial
statements
33
http://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-for-governments
Recipe for proactive IPv6 support
• Many encouraging activities in the AP region
– Updating government ICT procurement criteria with IPv6
– Policies to support deploying IPv6 in government networks with clear
mandate goals and timeframe
• Leading the industry by example in adopting IPv6
– Partnership between public and private sectors, e.g.,
• Establishing certification mechanism to recognize “IPv6 ready” products
• Launching IPv6 project to raise IPv6 awareness among key stakeholders
• Promoting IPv6 activities through media, events, competitions, awards etc.
– Human capacity development
• Supporting IPv6 skill up trainings to the industry
34
You’re Invited!
• APNIC 38: Brisbane, Australia, 9-19 Sep 2014
35
Hon. Malcolm Turnbull | Eric Vyncke | Geoff Huston | Paul Vixie
THANK YOU
www.facebook.com/APNIC
www.twitter.com/apnic
www.youtube.com/apnicmultimedia
www.flickr.com/apnic
www.weibo.com/APNICrir

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Government Policy and IPv6 Adoption

  • 1. Issue Date: Revision: Governmental Policy and IPv6 Adoption: Strategic Linkages ITU ACMA International Training Program 2014 24 July 2014, Sydney, Australia Adam Gosling Internet Policy Development Consultant, APNIC 24 July 2014 1
  • 2. Agenda • About the Internet and APNIC – About Internet Protocol: IPv4 and IPv6 • IPv4 addresses exhaustion and need to adopt IPv6 • IPv6 readiness in the world • Linkage between government policies and IPv6 adoption • Recommendations 2
  • 3. Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC) • One of five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) • Open membership-based industry bodies – Non-profit, neutral, and independent • Internet number resource allocation and registration • Other services such as – Training & capacity building – Supporting infrastructure – Community cooperation
  • 4. The Internet • A global system of interconnected computer networks – Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) – Internet Protocol (IP) provide connectivity • Every device directly connected needs a unique IP address – Not the same as a domain name – Packets, addressing, and routing – IPv4 and IPv6 addresses = Internet number resources – IP address space is finite
  • 5. IPv4 address exhaustion • IPv4 addresses reached the final free pool – APNIC (April 2011) – RIPE (Sept 2012) – LACNIC (June 2014) • APNIC members – /22 from the final pool – /22 from IANA returned pool 5 http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/
  • 6. The IP Addresses IPv4 IPv6 Deployed 1981 Deployed 1999 32-bit address 192.149.252.76 128-bit address 2001:DB8:0234:AB00:0123:4567:8901:ABCD Address space 232 = ~4,000,000,000 Address space 2128 = ~340,000,000, 000,000,000,000,000, 000,000,000,000,000 Security, autoconfig, QoS, mobility added later (IPSec etc) Security, autoconfig, QoS “built-in” (IPSec etc) Reached the final /8: April 2011 Projected lifetime: Indefinite* * We don't know how long IPv6 will last, but the RIRs cannot contemplate IPv6 exhaustion in the foreseeable future
  • 7. IPv6 address space How much has been allocated to the RIRs? 7
  • 8. What does this mean to all of us? • Internet industry is facing a big challenge; the biggest since inception of the Internet • Internet multi-stakeholders need to transit to IPv6 • Government support for IPv6 deployment is critical to maintain global competitiveness
  • 9. Growth path of the Internet • The next wave of Internet growth • Planning future growth of your business 9
  • 10. The Internet: Phenomenal growth 10 http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/, http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia, http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.html World 16 million users in 1995 2.8 billion users in 2013 Asia: 115 million users in 2000 1 billion users in 2013
  • 11. And the Internet is still growing 11 http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/, http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia, http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.html 3.6 billion Internet users by 2017 in the world Over 47% of the world’s projected population (7.6 billion)
  • 12. And the Internet is still growing 12 http://newsroom.cisco.com/release/1197391/, http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm#asia, http://www.internetworldstats.com/emarketing.html 3.6 billion Internet users by 2017 in the world Over 47% of the world’s projected population (7.6 billion) 1.33 billion Internet users in Asia by 2015, +30 % from 2013
  • 13. The next wave of Internet growth • Mobile networks with always on mobile devices – IP-based services – Much larger impact on the fundamental nature of the Internet • Research suggests 3G and 4G market share to increase to 53% by 2017 13 http://www.gsmamobileeconomy.com/GSMA%20Mobile%20Economy%202013.pdf
  • 14. Impact of IPv4 address exhaustion • Immediate impact – ISPs will no longer be able to obtain IPv4 addresses from APNIC • Survive for a short time of period with their own pool • Business continuity of ISPs and other Internet multi-stakeholders in question – Need to find alternative source for IPv4 addresses • No sustainable alternative options • Prolonged impact – Difficulties to maintain sustainable Internet growth – No more new entries to the Internet market place – Impediment of further technological development 14
  • 15. In preparation for exhaustion… • Soft landing • Liquidity and supply • Transition support 15 What measures did the APNIC policy community take to prepare for IPv4 exhaustion and the deployment of IPv6?
  • 16. Multistakeholder policy development • Open – Anyone can propose, discuss, and help decide policy • Transparent – APNIC publicly documents all policy discussions and decisions • Bottom up – Policy Development Process (PDP) and the policies are determined by the community they serve 16
  • 17. Resource management goals • Conservation – Efficient use of resources – Based on demonstrated need • Aggregation – Limit routing table growth – Support provider-based routing • Registration – Ensure uniqueness – Facilitate trouble shooting 17 Goals Uniqueness Registration Aggregation Conservation Fairness Minimized Overhead Conflict of goals
  • 18. Soft landing austerity measures • Restrictions on access to the free pool • Enabled assignments from the final /8 • Reduced the minimum delegation size for the final /8 policy 18
  • 19. APNIC address transfer services • Pre-approval service, with opt-in anonymous listing • Broker listing service • Mailing list for discussion and sourcing • Public transfer log (transparency) • Transfer fees apply (user pays) 19
  • 20. IPv6 Deployment • IPv6 supply – Kickstart • Training & Capacity Building • Measurement 20
  • 21. IPv6 Kickstart • Make it very easy – Members with an IPv4 delegation – One or two clicks – No technical assessment • No additional cost – For many Members 21
  • 22. APNIC partnering for development • IPv6 capacity development – “IPv6 Workshops” in collaboration with regional organizations • APNIC works closely with external partners and community groups to share knowledge and information – 15 NOGs in the region (and more to come) – APEC TEL, APT, ASEAN, ITU, and SPC, etc. • Contribute to multi-stakeholder outreach efforts – Regional conferences
  • 23. APNIC Training and Engineering Assistance • Building capacity with APNIC Training – To support resilient and scalable Internet infrastructure • IPv4 to IPv6 Transition, IPv6 Workshop, Network Security, Routing and BGP etc. • Engineering Assistance provided by Internet experts – Cost recovery basis direct assistance – IP peering, IPv4 and IPv6 network, Internet infrastructure security 23 training.apnic.net
  • 24. APNIC Training in 2013 (2012) 24
  • 25. APNIC Labs: IPv6 measurement • Comprehensive reports on IPv6 uptake – Global, economy, and network levels • IPv6 Capability Tracker – Free tool for website operators to measure client IPv6 capabilities • Measuring IPv6 – IPv6 readiness data for intergovernmental organizations and economies • http://labs.apnic.net 25
  • 26. IPv6 measurement - End user readiness: World 26 http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/Regions/001%20World/ as of 24/06/2014 Data source from “flash” and “JavaScript” and including viewers from mobile devices 16 Nov 13 IPv6 preferred: 2.45 about 30% increase in 6 months
  • 27. Global IPv6 deployment leaderboard (commercial operators) 27 ASN Entity Economy IPv6 preferred rate 22394 Cellco Verizon Wireless US 63.39 6848 Telenet N.V BE 45.73 10091 StarHub Cable Vision Ltd SG 43.48 18126 CTCX Chubu Telecommunications Company; Inc. JP 37.72 31334 Kabel Deutschland Vertrieb und Service GmbH DE 34.78 2516 KDDI KDDI CORPORATION JP 30.29 3303 Swisscom Ltd CH 27.00 29562 Kable BW GmbH DE 25.88 55430 STARHUBINTERNET-AS-NGNBN Starhub Internet Pte Ltd SG 24.93 21928 T-Mobile USA US 24.81 41164 GET Norway NO 20.38 7018 AT&T US 20.36 12322 Free SAS FR 19.89 7922 Comcast Cable Communications US 19.83 4739 INTERNODE-AS Internode Pty Ltd AU 19.37 http://labs.apnic.net/ipv6-measurement/AS/ 24/06/2014
  • 28. Summary • IPv6 deployment is increasing steadily – But varies among regions, economies, and individual ASNs – Not happening simultaneously – Some economies and ASNs have been very active in terms of IPv6 deployment • Once they enable IPv6 in their network and handsets, their end user readiness grows VERY rapidly 28
  • 29. Conclusion • Linkage between government policies and IPv6 • Recommendations 29
  • 30. IPv6 informaton for Governments www.apnic.net/ipv6 30
  • 31. Information sharing: Governments • China – Great leadership shown by the Chinese State Council – IPv6 mandates to the industry in Nov 2011: SPs in China are responding to this mandate • India – Department of Telecommunications announced a plan to mandate state government ministries, departments, and public sector to transit to IPv6 by March 2012, and updated it March 2013 • Singapore – IPv6 Transition Program lead by Infocomm Development Authority (iDA) of Singapore since 2010 – Published IPv6 Adoption Guide for Singapore in March 2011 http://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-for-governments
  • 32. Information sharing: APEC TEL IPv6 Guidelines • Published in 2010 – APNIC contributed its development • Scope of the document – Lead the industry by example in adopting IPv6 • Ensuring governments’ online presence via IPv4+IPv6 • New procurement requirements with IPv6 – Be ready with transition – do not buy legacy equipment! – Partnership between governments and industry • Periodic information exchange and collaboration – Human capacity development • Enhance IPv6 skills of technical staff • IPv6 training programs to be shared – International and cross-agency cooperation • Sharing information on IPv6 Best Current Practice • Avoid duplicating efforts IPv6 implementation http://www.apec.org/~/media/Files/Groups/TEL/2010_APEC-TEL-IPv6-guidelines-FINAL.doc
  • 33. Recommendations • Mandate for IPv6 readiness in government procurement forms for ICT goods and services • Conduct research on IPv6 readiness in the industry • Develop policies, guidelines, and roadmaps to enable IPv6 in government and network infrastructure • Subsidize IPv6 skilling up for industry members to support human capacity development • Lead the industry by example in adopting IPv6 • Partnership between government and industry • Include the necessity of IPv6 deployment in ministerial statements 33 http://www.apnic.net/community/ipv6-program/ipv6-for-governments
  • 34. Recipe for proactive IPv6 support • Many encouraging activities in the AP region – Updating government ICT procurement criteria with IPv6 – Policies to support deploying IPv6 in government networks with clear mandate goals and timeframe • Leading the industry by example in adopting IPv6 – Partnership between public and private sectors, e.g., • Establishing certification mechanism to recognize “IPv6 ready” products • Launching IPv6 project to raise IPv6 awareness among key stakeholders • Promoting IPv6 activities through media, events, competitions, awards etc. – Human capacity development • Supporting IPv6 skill up trainings to the industry 34
  • 35. You’re Invited! • APNIC 38: Brisbane, Australia, 9-19 Sep 2014 35 Hon. Malcolm Turnbull | Eric Vyncke | Geoff Huston | Paul Vixie