Perspective is the way in which artists create
an illusion of depth on a flat surface. For
hundreds of years painters have tried to
represent accurately a scene that exists in
three dimensions on a two-dimensional
canvas. One of the ways to create this illusion
is to make the objects that are far away
smaller than those that are closer to the
Just as stage designers use lighting to
spotlight a performer, painters will often
highlight important elements in paintings
Use of different colors provide emphasis,
emotion, etc. Often colors highlight parts
of an image to draw specific attention to it.
By using light and shadows, artists give
volume to their subjects. One way one can
give figures three-dimensional form is to
reflect light off their bodies and paint shadows
cast by them.
Depicting motion is a technique painters
use to keep our attention focused on the
Proportion usually refers to the way different
elements in a painting relate to each other in
terms of size.
Many artists include items that symbolize
other items, emotions, beliefs, ideas, etc.
An identifiable path of a point moving in
space. It can vary in width, direction, and
WHAT IS PAINT MADE OUT OF ?
Paint can be made out of many things . But all paints
include a pigment, binders, solvent, and a wide range of
The pigment is the thing that gives paint its colour.
The binder is the part that causes the paint to form a film.
The solvent helps to control the flow and application.
The additives can help to modify the paint in many ways .
Three types of paint .......
Watercolour: Is a painting method . A watercolour isIs a painting method . A watercolour is
the medium or the resulting artwork in which the paintthe medium or the resulting artwork in which the paint
are made of pigment suspended in a water solubleare made of pigment suspended in a water soluble
vehicle. The traditional and most common support forvehicle. The traditional and most common support for
watercolour painting is paper other support includewatercolour painting is paper other support include
papyrus, bark papers, plastics, vellum or leather, fabric,papyrus, bark papers, plastics, vellum or leather, fabric,
wood and canvas. Watercolours are usually transparentwood and canvas. Watercolours are usually transparent
and appear luminous because the pigments are laidand appear luminous because the pigments are laid
down in a relatively pure from with few fillers obscuringdown in a relatively pure from with few fillers obscuring
the pigments colour.the pigments colour.
Oils paint :Oil paint is a type of slow drying paint that
consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil
commonly linseed oil. The viscosity of the paint maybe
modified by the addition of a solvent such as turpentine
or white spirit, and varnish may be added to increase the
glossiness of the dried oil paint film. Oil paint have been
used in Europe since the 12th
century for simple
decoration but were not widely adopted as an artistic
medium until the early 15th
century. Common modern
applications of oil paint are in finishing and protection of
wood in building and exposed metal structures such as
ships and bridges. Its hard wearing properties and
luminous colours make it desirable for both interior and
exterior use on wood and metal. Because of iuts slow
drying properties it has recently been used in paint on
Acrylic: is the fast drying paint containing pigment
suspension in acrylic polymer emulsion. Acrylic paint
can be diluted with water, but become water resistant
when dry . Depending on how much the paint is diluted (
with water) or modified with acrylic gels, media, or
pastes the finished acrylic painting can resemble a
watercolour or an oil painting or have its own unique
characteristics not attainable with other media .