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Types of art


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Types of art

  1. 1. Types of ArtTypes of ArtAnd Media Used
  2. 2. 2-Dimensional Art• 2-Dimensional art is any art that haslength and width, but no depth.• Paintings, Drawings, Etchings,Scratchboard, Photography, GraphicDesign work (ads, etc.)
  3. 3. Drawing• Intimate form of art in that it is frequentlythe artist’s private note-taking process.• Sketching, doodling, Intricate drawing• Leonardo da Vinci created hundreds ofsketches of paintings, sculptures,inventions, stories, mathematics, science,and more
  4. 4. Materials• Pigment---powdered color material• Pigment is mixed with substances thatenable it to adhere to the drawing surface.• Dry Media and Liquid Media are used indrawing
  5. 5. Dry Media• Pencil– Graphite Pencil• Cheap, readilyavailable, easilyerased– All art beginswith an idea anda sketch
  6. 6. Dry Media• Metalpoint– Not used a lot anymore (not forgiving inmistakes)– Process: thin wire of metal (usually silver) in aholding device scratches lines onto a drawingsurface specially coated with paint.– Much like scratchboard.– Use thin, delicate lines with hatching andcross-hatching
  7. 7. Dry Media• Charcoal– Very dark, sometimesharsh value and line– Made by burningsticks of wood.– Smears easily toproduce subtle values.
  8. 8. Dry Media• Chalk Pastels– Pigment and nonfat binders– Blend better and can be overlaid to produceshaded effects– Very messy and often require a sealant whenfinished (fixative or varnish).
  9. 9. Dry Media• Oil Pastels and Crayons– Pigment and fatty or greasy binders– Adhere better to the drawing paper– Much more difficult to blend– Wider variety of colors– Crayons can be wax crayons (kids use) orcrayon used to draw on lithography stone, orconté crayon (a little greasier than chalkcoming in red, black, and brown colors).
  10. 10. Liquid Media• Pen and Ink– Can have variety of line width depending ontip of pen.– Also used for writing• Asian calligraphy artists– Favored by and readily available toRembrandt• Made thousands of pen and ink sketches
  11. 11. Liquid Media• Brush and Ink– Often used in the East for writing purposes– Broader, more intense lines than pen and ink
  12. 12. Digital Drawing• Computer based drawing– Faster, easier drawing (can be erased andreworked easier)– Less realistic often times– More colors, brush and pen sizes, anddrawing “canvas” available.– Can be saved forever– Paint program, Adobe Illustrator
  13. 13. Architecture & Engineering• Uses programs to create building andstructure plans• Several different programs available– AutoCad (85% engineering firms use), CadPipe (draws ductwork in 3-D), Pro-E (3-Ddrawing for assembly of industrial andmanufacturing—easy to modify), MicroStation(often used by government—works withAutoCad program well)
  14. 14. Architectural Drawings
  15. 15. Painting• Most commonly associated with “art”– Uses full spectrum of colors– Framed to make them more exciting and givethem an impression of being “precious”– Used in prehistoric days with cave paintings– Watercolor, tempera, acrylic, oil, gouache,impasto, fresco
  16. 16. Materials• Made of pigment like drawing tools• Pigment is mixed with a vehicle (a liquidthat holds the particles of pigment togetherwithout dissolving them)• Vehicle works as a binder to keeppigment on paper or canvas.• Support – the canvas, paper, wood panel,wall, or other surface that is painted on
  17. 17. Encaustic• Pigment mixedwith wax and resin• Must be heated topaint on easily.• Paint hardenswhen cools.• Used mainly byRoman and Greekartists.
  18. 18. Fresco• Pigments mixed with water and applied toa plaster support (usually wet also)• Wall-painting technique often used forlarge scale murals• Works are guided by a full sized dotdrawing called a cartoon.• When ready to paint, the artist simplyconnects the dots.
  19. 19. Tempera• Made with water and pigment• Bright colors that last longer than oil paint• Can be mixed with egg yolk to make itthicker and not crack.• Tempera is often used to paint on woodpanels with a base of gesso• Gesso – Base paint mixed with glue thathelps paint stay on a support
  20. 20. Oil PaintOil Paint• Pigment mixed with oil—usually linseed.• First used on wooden panels and thengraduated to flexible canvas.• Used on large, bold projects• Dries VERY slowly– Colors can be blended subtly and areas canbe reworked easily– Sometimes takes weeks or months to dry– Paint can become “muddy” from mixing colorsand paint too much
  21. 21. Oil PaintOil Paint• Alla Prima – Spontaneous paintingapproach (Italian for “all on the go”)
  22. 22. Oil PaintOil Paint• Impasto – Thick, layered paint– Creates an interesting texture
  23. 23. Watercolor• Pigment with water and gum arabic• Mostly used on paper• Mainly used for small, intimate works• Transparency is the desired characteristic• White of the paper serves as the whitecolor – white paint not really needed.• Wash – translucent, watered down paintspread across the support.
  24. 24. Watercolor
  25. 25. Watercolor
  26. 26. Gouache• Watercolor with white inert pigment added• Inert pigment – pigment that becomescolorless in paint.– Allows colors to be completely opaque andwill hide anything they are painted over.– Similar to poster paint• Dries very quickly and uniformly
  27. 27. Gouache
  28. 28. Acrylic• Synthetic artist color, also called polymer• Made of acrylic resin, polymerized throughemulsions in water• Can mimic the effects of oil, watercolor,tempera, and gouache paints.• Dry quickly and permanently– Usually keep brush in water while painting sothey do not dry out.
  29. 29. Acrylic
  30. 30. Acrylic
  31. 31. Collage• French word that means “pasting” or“gluing”• Attaching actual objects to the surface of asupport– Objects can be paper, cloth, or anything– Drawing or painting can be incorporated, also
  32. 32. CollagePablo PicassoPaper, Gouache,and Charcoal
  33. 33. Collage• Henri Matisse – Famous painter who wasdiagnosed with cancer at age 78– Couldn’t paint anymore, so made collages
  34. 34. Matisse Collage