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  1. 1. Bharti mph MENTAL ILLNESS
  2. 2. CONTENTS <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Mental illness </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Study </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledgement </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MENTAL HEALTH <ul><li>The World Federation of mental health has recently come out with a three point definition of mental health based the following three questions </li></ul><ul><li>Do you feel good about yourself? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you feel comfortable with other people? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you able to meet life’s demands? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Mental Health? <ul><li>Mental health refers to the maintenance of successful mental activity. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining productive daily activities andmaintaining fulfilling relationships with others. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining the abilities to adapt to change and to cope with stresses. </li></ul>
  6. 6. EFFECT OF MENTAL HEALTH ON YOUTH <ul><li>It is definitely NOT easy being a teenager! </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it’s tough to avoid feeling stressed, and pressure can build up in many areas of life. </li></ul>TEENAGERS
  7. 7. EFFECTS <ul><li>Worrying about these pressures is NORMAL. But feeling VERY sad, hopeless or worthless might be a sign of a mental health problem . </li></ul>
  8. 8. MENTAL ILLNESS <ul><li>Mental illness can occur when the brain (or part of the brain) is not working well or is working in the wrong way. </li></ul><ul><li>When the brain is not working properly, one or more of its 6 functions will be disrupted. </li></ul>
  9. 9. SYMPTOMS OF MENTAL ILLNESS <ul><li>Thinking difficulties or problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme emotional Sleep problems. </li></ul><ul><li>focusing attention highs and lows. </li></ul>
  10. 10. CAUSES OF MENTAL ILNESS <ul><li>Mental illness is a result of abnormal brain functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Mental illness is a brain disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Mental illness is rarely if ever caused by stress alone. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What do we know about the causes of mental illness ? <ul><li>It is not the consequence of poor parenting or bad behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the result of personal weakness or deficits in personality. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not the manifestation of malevolent spiritual intent. Only in exceptional cases is it caused by nutritional factors. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not caused by poverty. </li></ul>
  12. 12. COMMON DISORDERS OF MENTAL ILLNESS <ul><li>Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) </li></ul><ul><li>Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) </li></ul><ul><li>Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD </li></ul>
  13. 13. DISORDERS DURING THE AGE GROUP BETWEEN (19-25 YEARS) <ul><li>Major Depression (MD) </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar Disorder (BD) </li></ul><ul><li>Panic disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Social Anxiety Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Eating Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Obsessive Compulsive Disorder & Addictions </li></ul>
  14. 14. What do we know about people with mental illnesses <ul><li>Most people with mental disorders live productive and positive lives while receiving treatments for their mental illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people have severe and persistent mental disorders which respond poorly to current treatments (as in all other illnesses) </li></ul><ul><li>Mental illness does not respect any boundaries of race, class or geography. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of people have a friend, acquaintance or family member who has or has had a mental disorder. </li></ul>
  15. 15. ROLE OF GOVERNMENT <ul><li>The government has published a new draft mental health bill, but the draft bill as its stands it threatens the rights of people with mental health problems, and could massively overstretch mental health services. </li></ul>
  16. 16. HEALTH PROGRAMMES <ul><li>The Government of India has launched the National Mental Health Programme in 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>AIMS: </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent and treatment of mental disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of mental health technology to improve general health services. </li></ul>
  17. 17. CONDUCT A PILOT STUDY ON THE MENTAL STATUS OF PANJAB UNIVERSITY STUDENTS <ul><li>Study Setting :Panjab University </li></ul><ul><li>Chandigarh. </li></ul><ul><li>Study period –1 Week (October, 2009). </li></ul><ul><li>Sample size –25 adults each from hostel and residential area of Panjab university Chandigarh. </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling technique - convenient sample </li></ul><ul><li>Study tool – Questionnaire. </li></ul>
  18. 18. QUESTIONNAIRE <ul><li>Do you ever… </li></ul><ul><li>Often feel very angry or very worried? </li></ul><ul><li>Do reckless things that could harm you or others? </li></ul><ul><li>Feel grief for a long time after a loss or a death? </li></ul><ul><li>Think your mind is controlled or out of control? </li></ul><ul><li>Use alcohol or drugs? </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise, diet and/or binge-eat obsessively? </li></ul><ul><li>Hurt other people or destroy property? </li></ul>
  19. 19. SOME OBSERVATIONS <ul><li>Figure :1 </li></ul><ul><li>This table shows the </li></ul><ul><li>sex distribution in both </li></ul><ul><li>areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Residential population </li></ul><ul><li>contained (48%)male and </li></ul><ul><li>(52%) female whereas in </li></ul><ul><li>hostel (60%) male and </li></ul><ul><li>(40%) female. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Figure 2 shows that residential area had (4%) of 15-19 age group people & (72%) of 19-24 age group & (24%) of 24-29 age group . On the other hand, the hostel student had (0%) of 15-19 age group people & (60%) of 19-24 age group & (40%) of 24-29 age group </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Figure 3 shows the mood changes in given sample size .In residential area 48%people said sometimes they felt angry or worried on the other hand 68% hostellers said they got angry very often </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Figure :4 shows how many people addicted of drugs around 40% students in hostel drink alcohol regularly whether low concentration (beer, vine) or in high concentration (brandy , whisky, rum etc) </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Figure:5 shows how much people felt bad after loosing some things or on the death of their close one 80% hosteller said they never felt grief. </li></ul>
  24. 24. CONCLUSION <ul><li>People with mental health issues are people whose differences should be celebrated, whose contribution to society as people of integrity and perseverance should be appreciated, and whose right to determine the key decisions that shape their own lives should always be enabled and paramount </li></ul>
  25. 25. QUOTATIONS ABOUT HEALTH <ul><li>The trouble with always trying to preserve the health of the body is that it is so difficult to do without destroying the health of the mind.  ~G.K. Chesterton </li></ul><ul><li>There's lots of people in this world who spend so much time watching their health that they haven't the time to enjoy it.  ~Josh Billings </li></ul><ul><li>The greatest wealth is health.  ~Virgil </li></ul><ul><li>I reckon being ill as one of the great pleasures of life, provided one is not too ill and is not obliged to work till one is better.  ~Samuel Butler, The Way of All Flesh , 1903 </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy would grow by leaps and bounds if green vegetables smelled as good as bacon.  ~Doug Larson </li></ul>
  26. 26. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT <ul><li>I want to give special thanks to : </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Jayanti Dutta Roy </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Manoj Kumar Sharma </li></ul>
  27. 27. REFERENCES <ul><li>Park’s Textbook of preventive and social medicine by K.Park. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  28. 28. THANK YOU