Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Invisible Web

2,585 views

Published on

"If only I had known!" was the bitter cry of the searcher who relied just on search engines to search the Web. Although many popular search engines boast about their ability to index information on the Web, more of it (dynamically-generated pages, certain file formats, and information held within numerous databases) has become invisible to their searching spiders. Much of the Web is hiding information from us, but we can access this hidden content! Learn how you can reveal the secrets of these dark, hiding places.

Published in: Technology

The Invisible Web

  1. 1. ‫ﻪــﺗﺍﺩﺎﻳﺯﻭ ﺮﻴﻐﺼﻟﺍ ﻊﻣﺎﺠﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺤﺻ‬ ‫.ﺔﻨﳉﺍ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺔﻠﳔ ﻪﻟ ﺖﺳﺮﻏ ﻩﺪﻤﲝﻭ ﻢﻴﻈﻌﻟﺍ ﷲﺍ ﻥﺎﺤﺒﺳ ﻝﺎﻗ ﻦﻣ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﷲﺍ ﻝﻮﺳﺭ ﻝﺎﻗ‬ ‫‪r‬‬ ‫ﻢـﻴﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﻦـﻤـﺣﺮﻟﺍ ﻪﻠـﻟﺍ ﻢـﺴﺑ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ‬ ‫‪The Invisible Web‬‬ ‫٢٠٠٩‬ ‫ـ ١٤٣٠‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﶈﺎﺿﺮﺓ ﻣﺮﺧﺺ ﻟﻪ ﲟﻮﺟﺐ : ﺭﺧﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻮﻣﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ 0.3‬
  3. 3. ‫‪! Web site‬‬ ‫ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﻊﻗﻮﻣ ﻮﻫﺎﻣ‬ ‫ ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﺒﻌﻀﻬ‬ ‫ ‪hypertext‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﳌﺘﺪﺍﺧﻞ ‪ Hyper linking‬ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﻳﺴﻤﺢ ﺑﺎﻻﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬ ‫ﺇﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ. ﻭﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﲢﺘﻮﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺼﻮﺹ، ﻭﺻﻮﺭ، ﻭﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ،‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ.. ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺘﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﺯ ﺍﳋﺎﺩﻡ  ‪، Server‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺈﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ، ﻭﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﺼﻔﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ.‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﻧﻮﻋﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ:  ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ‪Surface Web‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ/  ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ‪Deep / Invisible Web‬‬
  4. 4. ‫‪Surface Web‬‬ ‫ﺔﻴﺤﻄﺴ‬ ‫ﻟﺍ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺗﺴ ﱠﻰ، ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﺩﻕ ”ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ“ ﲟﻌﻨﻰ :‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺑﻔﻬﺮﺳﺘﻬﺎ،‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ :‬ ‫-  ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻵﻟﻲ )‪ (Robot‬ﺃﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻮﺕ :)‪ (spider‬ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺃﻳﻀﹰ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺣﻒ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ )‪(crawler‬‬ ‫-  ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺱ :)‪ (Indexer‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻵﻟﻲ ﺑﺄﺧﺬ ﻧﺴﺦ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫- ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ :)‪ (Interface‬ﺍﳉﺎﻧﺐ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬
  5. 5. ‫ ‪: Invisible Web‬‬ ‫ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ  ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ‪ Deep Web‬ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ  ﺍ‪‬ﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ ‪ Web Hidden‬ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ ﺗﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺃﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﺟﺪﺓ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ، ﺇﺫ ﺇﻥ ﹸﻞ ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﺇﻻ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺮ  ‪ . Google‬ﻭﺗﺘﺮﺍﻭﺡ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﺍﺕ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍ‪‬ﻔﻲ ﺑﲔ ٣‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ٠٠٥ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﺓ )ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻴﺔ( ، ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺟﻮﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻭﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﻮﻕ ﺑﻬﺎ.‬
  6. 6. ‫ ‪: Invisible Web‬‬ ‫ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ‬ ‫- ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﺼﻄﻠﺢ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺟﻤﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ، ﺇﻻ ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ .ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ.‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫- ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﻣﺼﻄﻠﺢ ﻳﺸﻴﺮ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﺩﻉ ﺍﻟﻀﺨﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺛﻮﻗﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺘﻤﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﳊﺪﻳﺜﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲟﻘﺪﻭﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻﲤﻠﻚ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﺃﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻭﺻﻮ ﹰ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮﹰ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ  ‪Searchable Databases‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﹰ ﻻﺗﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻣﺠﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻓﻬﺎﺭﺱ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ،‬
  7. 7. ‫:ﺔﻴﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻮﻣ ﻉﺍﻮﻧﺃ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ  :‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻲ‬ ‫ •  ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﺒﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﺎﻑ ‪ : opaque web‬ﻳﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ، ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﺈﺟﺮﺍﺀ ﺑﺴﻴﻂ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ •  ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ  ‪ : Private web‬ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺗﻜﺸﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻌﺪﺕ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ •  ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ‪ : property web‬ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﺘﺎﺣﺔ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻟﻸﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻓﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﺍﶈﺘﻮﻯ‬ ‫ • ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ : ﻭﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻟﻌﺪﻡ ﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻜﺸﻴﻒ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻫﺎ.‬
  8. 8. ‫؟ ﹰﺍﺫﺇ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﺗﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﺸﺎﻛﻞ ﻋ ﱠﺓ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻟﻠﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﳌﻄﺮﺩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺴﺒﺐ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﳌﺬﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻮﺗﻴﺔ،‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﹸﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺇﻻ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺸﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻲ، ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ، ﺃﻱ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ، ﺣﻴﺚ ﺳﺠﻞ ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ  9002  ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ  651ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ ،‬
  9. 9. ‫؟ ﹰﺍﺫﺇ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻤﻟﺍ ﺎﻣ‬
  10. 10. ‫ﻭﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻷﻥ ﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﳌﻔﻬﺮﺳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻓﻲ ﻛ ﹰ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫)ﺟﻮﺟﻞ - ﻳﺎﻫﻮ - ﺃﺳﻚ - ﻭﻳﻨﺪﻭﺯ ﻻﻳﻒ( ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻗﻞ - ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻴﺔ –‬ ‫ (‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ ٧٦٫٥٢ ﻣﻠﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ، ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ )ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺎﺀ ٥٢ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ٩٠٠٢‬ ‫‪www.worldwidewebsize.com‬‬
  11. 11. ‫ﺡﻭﺮﻄﻤﻟﺍ ﻝﺍﺆﺴﻟﺍ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﻴﺳﻭ ﻦﺴﺣﺃ ﻮﻫ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﻙﺮﺤﻣ ﻞﻫ :ﻥﻷﺍ‬‫؟ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﻮ‬
  12. 12. ‫؟ ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﺟﻮﻳ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﲡﻌﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ:‬ ‫١ - ﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺗﺼﻞ ﻟﻠﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﲟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻭﲟﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻨﺎﻛﺐ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﻜﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻬﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ ﲤﺘﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺜﻤﻴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﲢﺘﻮﻳﻬﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ.‬ ‫٢ - ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﻭﻓﻘﹰ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﻫﻲ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﺓ.‬ ‫٣ - ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻹﺩﺧﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻯ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ .‬
  13. 13. ‫؟ ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﺟﻮﻳ ﺍﺫﺎﻤﻟ‬ ‫٤ - ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺗﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺇﻗﺼﺎﺋﻬﺎ )ﺩﻭﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻋﺎﺋﻖ ﺗﻘﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻫﺮ(  ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻷﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ  ﺇﻣﺎ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ :‪ Format‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ :‬ ‫ ﻋﻨﺎﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺗﻘﺮﺃ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ ‪ HTML‬ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﻎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻠﻐﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﺜﻞ  :  ‪PDF – Flash – Word – PowerPoint‬‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻻﺗﻔﻬﻤﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺻﻌﻮﺑﺔ ﶈﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻟﻔﻬﺮﺳﺘﻬﺎ،‬ ‫٥ - ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ، ﻓﻔﻲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ، ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳑﻜﻨﹰ ﻭﻣﻘﺒﻮ ﹰ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺼﻴﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺛﺎﺑﺘﺔ ‪ Static‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﺳﻬﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﻛﺐ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻊ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ‪Databases‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤ ﺡ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﻣﻴﻜﻲ ‪ Dynamic‬ﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺑﺘﻘﻨﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ ﺃﻭ ‪ PHP‬ﺃﻭ ‪  XML‬ﺃﻭ  ‪ AJAX‬ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬ ‫ ﻣﺜﻞ  ‪ASPH‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ.‬
  14. 14. ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻤﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺟﺰﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺮﺋﻴﺔ ﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ، ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻜﻮﻧﻬﺎ ﺳﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﺔ، ﺑﻞ ﺇﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻘﹰ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪﺓ ﺟﺪﹰ ﻟﻠﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ، ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻣﻼﻳﲔ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﻓﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ ‪Invisible Web‬‬
  15. 15. ‫: ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺴﺄﻟﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﳊﺎﺟﺎﺗﻚ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﻬﻞ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﻮﺟﻞ ﺃﻭ  ،‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻫﻮ‬ ‫)ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﲡﺮ ﺷﺒﺎﻛﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ(‬
  16. 16. ‫: ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﻨﺖ ﺗﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺼﺺ ) ﻛﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ ﻣﺜ ﹰ!( ﻓﺴﻴﺘﻮﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺐ ﻋﻤﻴﻘﹰ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﺭﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ ﺗﺴﺎﻋﺪﻙ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﻳﺮﺿﻴﻚ، ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﲟﻘﺪﻭﺭﻩ ﻓﻌﻞ  .‬ ‫ ﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫)ﺣﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ ﻣﻌﹰ(‬ ‫ﺎ‬
  17. 17. ‫: ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﺑـ ٠٠٤-٠٥٥ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ-ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ- ﻭﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ )ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺸﻤﻞ ﻣﺠﺎﻻﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ( ﻭﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺸﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﺆﺭﺷﻔﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺧﻠﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫٠٨% ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ، ﻭﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﲢﻮﻳﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺰﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻫﺎ ٠١%، ﻭﺗﺘﻮﺯﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﺓ ﺑﺎﳌﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻴﻊ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ.‬ ‫)ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻖ(‬
  18. 18. ‫!‬ ‫ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐﻳﻮﻟﺍ ﻰﻟﺇ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﺑﻌﻴﺪﹰ ﲤﺎﻣﹰ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻋﲔ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ،‬ ‫ﺍﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﳑﻜﻦ، ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎﻧﺔ ﲟﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻝ،‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﺨﺼﺼﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ.‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺑﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺤﺜﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﺎﻷﺧﺺ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﳝﻴﺔ.‬
  19. 19. ‫ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻠﻟ ﺝﺫﺎﻤﻧﻭ ﺔﻠﺜﻣﺃ‬ ‫-  ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻟﻠﻤﻜﺘﺒﻴﲔ‬ ‫ ‪www.lii.org‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺪ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ. ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﻌﺮﺽ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻵﻻﻑ ﳌﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﳑﻴﺰﺓ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻨ ﹼﻢ ﻓﻲ ٤١ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻭﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ ٠٠٣ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ ، ﺑﺎﻷﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻈ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺒﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﳑﻴﺰﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻄﻠﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ﺷﻌﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺟﻤﺎﻫﻴﺮﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻓﻬﺮﺱ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﻷﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ١١ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﰎ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻔﻬﺎ ﻳﺪﻭﻳﹰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻳﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﻜﺘﺒﺎﺕ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﳋﺒﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩ .‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺍ‪‬ﻔﻲ ‪WWW.INVISIBLE­WEB.NET‬‬ ‫ ­ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ  ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ ﰎ ﺗﺼﻨﻴﻔﻪ ﻳﺪﻭﻳﹰ ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﶈﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻳﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﻘﺔ ، ﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎﺋﻪ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﻟﻔﲔ ﺍﳌﺘﺨﺼﺼﲔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﻳﻀﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ٨١‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻤﺎ ﻋﺎﻣﺎ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﺃ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﹰﹰ‬
  20. 20. ‫ﻲﺋﺮﻤﻟﺍ ﺮﻴﻏ ﺐ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻠﻟ ﺝﺫﺎﻤﻧﻭ ﺔﻠﺜﻣﺃ‬ ‫-  ﻣﻮﻗﻊ  ‪library.rider.edu‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺋﻲ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻌﻄﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﶈﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺩﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻮﺍﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻻﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﳑﺎ ﻳﺘﻴﺢ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺮ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﻲ ٠٠٥ ﺿﻐﻒ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺍﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ .‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻋﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ ­  ﻣﻮﻗﻊ  ‪www.rdn.ac.uk‬‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺍﻓﺮﺓ ﶈﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ. ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﺇﳒﻠﺘﺮﺍ ﻭﻳﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺒﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﻛﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻮﺍﻓﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﺎﺩﺓ. ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺮﻏﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﻻ ﻳﻀﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺟﺰﺀﹰ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﹰ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﺨﺼﺺ ﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﻓﻘﻂ .‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍ‬
  21. 21. ‫ﺔــﺻﻼــﺨﻟﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺟﺰﺀﹰ ﺧﻔﻴﹰ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻼﻗﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻨﺎ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺣﺠﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻘﺮﻳﺐ ٠٥٥ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺍﳉﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻪ ﺟﻤﻴﻌﺎ، ﻭﺍﻷﻥ ﻭﻣﻊ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ٠٫٢ ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻣﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﻣﺆﺛﺮﺓ ﻟﺘﻘﻠﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﻮﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍ‪‬ﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺤﻲ.‬
  22. 22. ‫ﺔــﺻﻼــﺨﻟﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ ﺳﻮﻑ ﲢﺴﻦ ﻧﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺠﻬﺎ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻴﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻤﻖ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﺩﻉ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺎﺣﺔ، ﻭﺑﺘﺼﻨﻴﻒ ﻭﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ، ﻭﺑﺘﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﺎﺗﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﻳﻞ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﺠﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺫﻛﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺑﺤﺎﺛﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ، ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻮﻑ ﺗﻮﺳﻊ ﻧﻄﺎﻕ ﺑﺤﺜﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺸﻤﻞ ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ، ﺇﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ، ﻭﺇﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺎﻣﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﺔ ﺛﻼﺛﻴﺔ ﺍﻷﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻣﺎﺗﻚ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻴﺔ،‬ ‫ﹰ‬
  23. 23. ً ‫م وأ‬‫ ن‬، ‫او‬  ‫.ءا‬ ‫ا‬   ‫و ا‬ ‫ ن‬ ‫ ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬‫و ه‬ ‫ ن‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫وأ‬ ‫و‬    ‫ ك‬.  ‫ا‬ ‫إ‬    ‫إو‬     ،،، ‫و‬ 
  24. 24. ‫او‬  ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬  ‫ا بر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا بر‬‫ ة‬ ‫و ن‬  www.mostafa­gawdat.net ‫ﺢﻟﺎﺻ ﺕﺩﻮﺟ ﻰﻔﻄﺼﻣ ﺭﻮﺘﻛﺪﻟﺍ ﻑﺍﺮﺷﺇ ؛ ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺎﻴﺟﻮﻟﻮﻨﻜﺗ ﺔﺑﺍﻮﺑ‬ www.go2library2.wordpress.com GO TO LIBRARY 2.0  ‫.ﻰﻟﻮﻤﻟﺍ ﻞﻀﻓ ﺪﻤﺤﻣ‬ ‫.ﺪـﻤﺤﻣ ﻒـﻃﺎــﻋ .ﺭ‬ ‫:ﺩﺍﺪــﻋﺇ‬

×