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C C E S Research Presentation

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CCES, RU, Raboud University, Nijmegen, Coastal, Science, Research

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C C E S Research Presentation

  1. 1. Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  2. 2. <ul><li>Aims: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase visibility research activities </li></ul><ul><li>Promote collaboration </li></ul>Participating departments Microbiology Prof dr MSM Jetten, Dr H op den Camp, et al. Animal Physiology Prof dr G Flik, Dr PHM Klaren, et al. Animal Ecology & Ecophysiology Prof dr S Wendelaar Bonga, Prof dr G van der Velde, Dr. I Nagelkerken, et al. Aquatic ecology and Environmental Biology Prof dr JGM Roelofs, Dr LPM Lamers, Dr A Smolders, et al. Environmental Science Prof dr AJ Hendriks, Prof dr PMJ Herman, Dr MM van Katwijk, et al. Spatial Ecology NIOO/CEME Prof dr PMJ Herman, Dr TJ Bouma, Dr J van de Koppel et al. 45 projects 30 PhD’s 18 postdocs Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  3. 3. Mission March 2008 <ul><li>The CCES promotes collaboration between Departments of Microbiology, Animal Physiology, Ecophysiology, Ecology and Environmental Science of the Radboud University Nijmegen (RU), and Spatial Ecology of the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO), which carry out research on coastal and estuarine systems. CCES aims to increase the visibility of this research for students and third parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal regions have the highest population densities, and consequently experience high environmental pressure. At the same time, they contain the world’s most productive and diverse ecosystems. </li></ul><ul><li>The Institute for Water and Wetland Research (IWWR) of the RU is the host of CCES and focuses its research in an integrative approach addressing microbiology, botany and zoology, from molecular biology to ecosystem and landscape level. </li></ul>Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  4. 4. Department of Microbiology Microbial ecology of marine ecosystems Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  5. 5. Biogeochemical cycles <ul><li>Carbon cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Methane </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Ammonium </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrate </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrite </li></ul><ul><li>Stikstofgas </li></ul><ul><li>NO x </li></ul><ul><li>Sulfur cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Sulfate </li></ul><ul><li>Sulfide </li></ul><ul><li>VOSC </li></ul>Redox reactions carried out by bacteria are the driving force in all ecosystems !! Dep. Microbiology CCES
  6. 6. Identify important ecosystems Survey of selected ecosystems Identify microbial ‘key players’ Enrichment & isolation Physiology, genome & proteome Back to the ecosystem Application Understanding the role of microbes in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle Dep. Microbiology CCES
  7. 7. Role of microbes in the marine nitrogen cycle Who are the dominant ammonia-oxidizing microbes in the ocean? Darwin projects NIOO, NIOZ & RU Marine Anammox bacteria in the lab Marine Anammox bacteria in the ocean Nitrosopumilus crenarchaea (K ö nneke et al. Nature 2005) Nitrosomonas bacteria - O 2 + O 2 Dep. Microbiology CCES
  8. 8. Are microbes the only players in the marine nitrogen cycle? Darwin project UU & RU Sedimentation of dead foraminifera Sorting living foraminifera White cliffs of Dover Eukaryotes produce N 2 Dep. Microbiology CCES
  9. 9. Department of Animal Physiology Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  10. 10. Zebrafish leptin Fish Adaptation Physiology Stress Physiology, Thyroidology & Immunology Calcium Physiology & Osmoregulation Regulation of Food Intake Bone Physiology & Drug Development Fish Aquaculture & Welfare Collaborations: IMARES, WUR, SMARTMIX and many others…. Dep. Animal Physiology CCES CRH ACTH CRH
  11. 11. Department of Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  12. 12. Coastal research Bio-invasions Ecology of tropical coastal systems Focus is on fishes & invertebrates in fresh, brackish and salt water, in the Netherlands, Europe and the tropics Dep. Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology CCES
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rotterdam Port: </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity: challenges and possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Succession and biofouling </li></ul><ul><li>Sardinia: </li></ul><ul><li>Faunal colonisation hypertrophic lagoons </li></ul><ul><li>Food of Sea urchins </li></ul><ul><li>Seagrass beds (nursery & zoobenthos) </li></ul>Dep. Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology CCES
  14. 14. Ecology of tropical coastal systems Cura ç ao, Aruba, Tanzania <ul><li>Migration coral reef fish </li></ul><ul><li>Mangroves + seagrass beds: nursery for reef fish? </li></ul>Dep. Animal Ecology and Ecophysiology CCES
  15. 15. Department of Environmental Science Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  16. 16. Toxicant accumulation in estuarine & marine food chains Collaborations with Deltares, IVM, RIVM, Statoil, UA <ul><li>Top predators threatened by toxicants </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate and arctic food chains </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation and population development </li></ul><ul><li>Organochlorines, -bromines, -fluorides, … </li></ul>Department of Environmental Science CCES 5-30 2-3 1-2
  17. 17. Department of Environmental Science & Department of Aquatic Ecology and Environmental Biology Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  18. 18. Seagrass restoration and mitigation Ecosystem engineering Seagrass mussel lugworm saltmarsh Environment Flume NIOO Yerseke Lab RU Nijmegen Dep. Environmental Science & Dep. Aquatic Ecology and Environmental Biology CCES Wadden Sea Oosterschelde
  19. 19. <ul><li>Nutrient dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrodynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Turtle grazing </li></ul>Tropical seagrass Indonesia Dep. Environmental Science & Dep. Aquatic Ecology and Environmental Biology CCES
  20. 20. Department of Spatial Ecology Centre for Estuarine and Marine Ecology Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO) Yerseke Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  21. 21. Study spatial features in estuaries e.g. SW Netherlands, Wadden Sea, Spain, Indonesia, China Diatom biofilms on tidal flats Mussel beds in the Wadden Sea Creek evolution in tidal marshes <ul><li>Biophysical interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Ecosystem engineering & feedback loops </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial explicit modeling </li></ul>Dep. Spatial Ecology NIOO CCES
  22. 22. Research across scales Field & flume experiments Large - scale characteristics (dynamics/patterns) Small - scale processes (mechanisms) interaction between physical and biological constraints Dep. Spatial Ecology NIOO CCES
  23. 23. How do bio-physical interactions affect: Mussel distribution Saltmarsh evolution: vegetation growth and decline Dep. Spatial Ecology NIOO CCES <ul><li>organism functioning </li></ul><ul><li>spatial organization </li></ul><ul><li>landscape evolution </li></ul>local positive feedback long distance negative feedback
  24. 24. Education <ul><li>Master’s Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Master’s Environmental Sciences </li></ul>Centre for Coastal and Estuarine Science CCES
  25. 25. Master Biology 120 european credits (EC) = 2 yr <ul><li>45 EC Research traineeship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical 36 EC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical 3 EC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis 6 EC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9 EC Bio-scientific master programme </li></ul><ul><li>3 EC Philosophy course </li></ul><ul><li>6 EC Optional courses </li></ul><ul><li>57 EC depending on variant </li></ul><ul><li>Variants: E=Education, C=Communication, MT=Management and Application or R=Research, or C/E-combination. </li></ul>Master structure CCES
  26. 26. Master Environmental Sciences 120 european credits (EC) = 2 yr <ul><li>30 EC Research Internships or Master Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>18 EC Mandatory science courses + philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>6 EC Optional courses </li></ul><ul><li>6 EC Elective courses or research internships </li></ul><ul><li>60 EC depending on variant </li></ul><ul><li>Variants: C=Communication, E=Education M=Management, R=Research, TWM=Transnational Water Management, HERA=Human Ecological Risk Assessment </li></ul>Master structure CCES

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