The History The house which forms the architectural core of the present palace was built for the first Duke of Buckingham and Normamby in 1703 to the design of William Winde. The style chosen was of a large, three-floored central block with two smaller flanking service wings. Buckingham House was eventually sold by Buckingham's descendant, Sir Charles Sheffield, in 1761. Like his grandfather, George II, George III refused to sell the mulberry garden interest, so that Sheffield had been unable to purchase the full freehold of the site. When Sheffield sold Buckingham House it came into the hands of the Royal Family. The house was originally intended as a private retreat, and in particular for Queen Charlotte, and was known as The Queen's House—14 of their 15 children were born there. St. James Palace remained the official and ceremonial royal residence. Remodelling of the structure began in 1762. After his accession to the throne in 1820, George IV continued the renovation with the idea in mind of a small, comfortable home. While the work was in progress, in 1826, the King decided to modify the house into a palace with the help of his architect John Nash. Some furnishings were transferred from Carlton house, and others had been bought in France after the French Revolution. On the death of George IV in 1830, his younger brother William IV hired Edward Blore to finish the work. At one stage, William considered converting the palace into the new Houses of Parliament, after the destruction of the existing building by fire in 1834. Actually, the Queen Elisabeth II lives in the Buckingham Palace.
The price and openning hours Openning Hours Open daily, 10:00-17:30 (last admission 16:30) A typical visit lasts between 1 and 1½ hours. Admission prices The Queen's Gallery Adult £5.00 Over 60/Student (with valid ID) £4.50 Under 17 £3.00 Under 5 Free Family (2 adults, 3 under 17s) £13.00 The Queen's Gallery and Royal Mews - Combined visit Adult £15.00 Over 60/Student (with valid ID) £13.50 Under 17 £8.75 Under 5 Free Family (2 adults, 3 under 17s) £38.50 A Royal Day Out (The State Rooms, Royal Mews and The Queen's Gallery, Buckingham Palace) (only available 27 July - 29 September 2010) Adult £30.50 Over 60/Student (with valid ID) £27.50 Under 17 £17.50 Under 5 Free Family (2 adults, 3 under 17s) £80.00
How to get there? Address: Buckingham Palace London SW1A 1AA Nearest train station: London Victoria National Rail Enquiries Nearest tube stations: · Victoria · Green Park · Hyde Park Corner Bus routes: Numbers 11, 211, 239, C1, and C10 stop on Buckingham Palace Road.
The History The first church on this spot was erected in 604 AD, just 8 short years after the first Christian mission under St. Augustine landed in Kent. This wooden church was established by King Ethelbert of Kent as home to the first bishop of the East Saxons, Mellitus. That first church was destroyed by fire and rebuilt by St. Erkenwald, then bishop, in 675-85. Fire was not the only danger faced by buildings in those dark centuries of Anglo-Saxon England - the Vikings destroyed the second St. Paul's in 962 during on of their periodic invasions. Once again, fire destroyed the church in 1087. The new Norman building, now called Old St. Paul's, took over 150 years to complete, the final touches being applied in 1240. Well, not quite final touches - a new Gothic choir was added by 1313, making St. Paul's the third longest church in Europe at 596 feet.The following year the spire was completed. At 489 feet it was the tallest in all Europe. St. Paul's bad luck continued. The spire was struck by lightning (not too surprising, considering how it towered over the city). The cathedral became a centre of trade, with merchants selling their wares in the nave of the church iteslf. Architect Inigo Jones was called in to resurrect the decaying building, but his efforts, hampered by lack of funds, only delayed the inevitable. During the English Civil War, Parliamentary troops commandeered the cathedral and used the nave as cavalry barracks. They broke up the scaffolding and sold the material. The fortunes of Old St. Paul's seemed to take a turn for the better with the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660. Charles II appointed a young architect named Christopher Wren to undertake major repairs to the building. Wren had only begun his work when final calamity struck. On September 4, 1666, fire broke out in a bakehouse in Pudding Lane. Fanned by a fierce wind, the fire spread through the close-packed streets of London, destroying everything in its path. For four days the fire raged, and when the smoke finally cleared, Old St. Paul's was nothing but charred timbers and rubble.
History Westminster Abbey is steeped in more than a thousand years of history. Benedictine monks first came to this site in the middle of the tenth century, establishing a tradition of daily worship which continues to this day. The Abbey has been the coronation church since 1066 and is the final resting place of seventeen monarchs. The present church, begun by Henry III in 1245, is one of the most important Gothic buildings in the country, with the medieval hermitage of an Anglo-Saxon saint still at its heart. A treasure house of paintings, stained glass, pavements, textiles and other artefacts, Westminster Abbey is also the place where some of the most significant people in the nation's history are buried or commemorated. Taken as a whole the tombs and memorials comprise the most significant single collection of monumental sculpture anywhere in the United Kingdom. The Library and Muniment Room houses, the important (and growing) collections of archives, printed books and manuscripts belonging to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster, providing a centre for their study and for research into all aspects of the Abbey's long and varied history.
Timetable and Prices Prices Opening hours -Westminster Abbey is open to visitors: Days : from Mondays to Saturdays. Hours : from 9:30am to 4:45pm. -Westminster Abbey is closed to visitors: Days: On Sundays and religious holidays (is open for worship only). - Adults: £10.00 -Under 16 years old: £7.00 -Students : £7.00 -OAPs: £7.00 -Family: £24.00
How to get there Underground The nearest undergound stations are: -St. James's Park : via the District and Circle lines. -Westminster: via the Jubilee, District and Circle lines. Train The nearest train stations are: -Charing Cross: about 15 minutes walking from the Abbey. -Victoria: about 18 minutes walking from the Abbey. Bus The routes 9, 10 and 52 stop near Westminster Abbey. Car The nearest car parks are: -Abingdon Masterpark: is about 3 minutes walking from the Abbey. -Trafalgar Masterpark : is about 13 minutes walking from the Abbey. *Westminster Abbey is in the “London Congestion Charge” zone and it is not recommended to travel there by car.
History ' The Mother of all Parliaments' more properly called the Palace of Westminster. The original palace dating back to the times of Edward The Confessor was burnt down in 1834, leaving only Westminster Hall and one of the Towers the Jewel Tower remaining. Westminster Hall itself is a particularly fine example of a medieval hall, over 240 feet long, and a superb hammer beam roof, accessible to the Public only with Guided Tours. Did you know that the trial of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators was held in the Hall in 1606? Journey Planner Advanced optionsYou may watch the debates when the Houses are sitting from the Public Galleries. Expect a long wait as you queue outside St Stephens Entrance. The liveliest debates (advance tickets required) are during Prime Ministers Question Time. To stand in the Central Lobby, with its many corridors leading off to both Chambers of the House, before being escorted up to the Public galleries is an unforgettable experience. The Gothic masterpiece that are the present Houses of Parliament, were constructed between 1840 and 1888. A direct hit by a World War II bomb destroyed the House of Commons Chamber in 1941, and what you can see today was rebuilt after the War. Big Ben, the 320 foot high Clock Tower is named after the largest bell, weighing over 13 tons. North of the Palace is Westminster Abbey, dating from the 13th century, burial place of Edward The Confessor, holding the tombs of nearly all the Kings and Queens of England. Big Ben
Opening Times <ul><li>July/August: Mon, Tues, Fri, Sat - 9.15am-4.30pm
Under 5yrs - FREE </li></ul>Timetable and Prices
How to get there By tube and rail : The closest tube station is ··Westminster , via District, Circle or Jubilee lines. The station is fully wheelchair accessible. ··Victoria , ··Charing Cross and ··Waterloo mainline stations are about a 20-minute walk away, and have connecting buses. · By bus : The closest stops are near ··Parliament Square on Victoria Street (opposite the Houses of Parliament) and near ··Trafalgar Square in Whitehall. All buses are wheelchair accessible. By automobile, since parking is scarce and expensive and the site is within the ··London congestion charge zone. If you choose to bring a car, there is a parking lot near Victoria Tower; spaces for disabled parking can be booked in advance. There are also disabled parking spaces on Great Peter Street, Smith Square, and by Methodist Central Hall on Matthew Parker Street. If you need to drop someone off, you may stop briefly just before the entrance to Victoria Gardens, towards Millbank. Adress Westminster Palace Gardens, Artillery Row, London, SW1P, United Kingdom