London 16 -20 juny 2013


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London 16 -20 juny 2013

  2. 2. Birdcage walkGREEN PARK &SAINT JAMES PARKDiumenge 16
  3. 3. WhitehallWhitehall is the mainartery running north fromParliament towardsCharing Cross at thesouthern end of Trafalgarsquare .Recognized as thecentre of HM Government,the road is lined withgovernmentdepartments/ministries;"Whitehall" is thereforealso frequently used torefer to UK governmentaladministration.The name is taken fromthe Palace of Whitehallthat used to occupy thearea but which was largelydestroyed by fire in 1698.Trafalgar square was builtat its northern extremityin the early 19thcentury.Combined, thestreets cover a totaldistance of about 0.6 mile(1 kilometre).
  4. 4. DOWNING ST.The street was built in the 1680. For over two hundred years has contained, inbuildings along one side of the street, the official residences of two of the most seniorBritish cabinet ministers: the Prime Minister and Chancellor of the.The houses on the other side were all replaced by the Foreign Office in the nineteenthcentury.
  5. 5. Westminster AbbeyIt’s a large, mainly Gothic church located just to the west of thePalace ofWestminster. It is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for Englishmonarchs.Construction of the present church was begun in 1245. The Abbeys twowestern towers were built between 1722 and 1745
  6. 6. Westminster Palace is the meeting placeof the two houses of the Parliament: House ofLords and House of commons which are thepolitical centre of the United Kingdom, whereelected politicians set the UK’s laws andlegislationIts construction began during the 13thcentury but the original palace was burnt inthe 16thcentury and burnt again in the18th.In1840 started the construction of the neo-gothic buiding we see now.It is the burial place of most kings andqueens of England, as well as variouscelebrities.
  7. 7. THE BIG BENThe clock tower ofWestminster istraditionally known asthe BIG BEN.It is 96.3 metres high(roughly 16 stories).The clock dials are big(The hour hand is2.7 metres long andthe minute hand is4.3 metres long.TheClock Tower was oncethe largest four-facedclock in the world.The clocks is famousfor its reliability
  8. 8. THE RIVER THAMES.The river Thames flows through centralLondon. The “ East End” was the area ofLondon east of the medieval walled cityof London and north of the RiverThames.Some of London’s most importantmonuments are along the Thames’riverside :Westminster, The tower ofLondon, tower bridge.The new businessdistrict: The Canary Warf is located onan isle in the center of the river.
  9. 9. Trafalgar squareTrafalgar Square, Londons most famous, was laid out in 1841 tocommemorate Nelsons victory at the Battle of the same name in1805. Dominating the square, on a column that is 185 feet high, isthe 17 foot high statue of Nelson himself.Around the base of the column are the four giant bronze lions.Around the sides are the church of St Martins in the Fields (left)and the National Gallery (right) which houses one of the worldsrichest collections of paintings.The square is also used for political demonstrations and communitygatherings
  10. 10. Picadilly Circusbuilt in 1819 to connect Regent st. with the shoppingstreet of Picadilly. It’s a round open space at a streetjunction.It’s known for its video display and neon signs on thecorner building on the northern side, as well as theShaftesbury memorial fountain and statue of anarcher popularly known as Eros
  11. 11. LEICESTER SQUARELeicester Square in Londons West End has beenthe entertainment capital of Londons Theatrelandfor well over a century. Theatres have given wayto Cinemas over the years and the Square is nowthe hub of British Cinema Premiers.And that’s all for today. We hope you’ve enjoyyourselves.
  12. 12. The British Museum was established in 1753. It is a museum of human historyand culture. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects, areamongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate fromall continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from itsbeginnings to the present.Its collection of antiquities grew mainly during the British Empire and objectswere brought from the colonies.THE BRITISHMUSEUMDilluns 17
  13. 13. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. TheWhite tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was a resented symbol of oppression,inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The castle was used as a prison since at least1100. The peak period of the castles use as a prison was the 16th and 17th centuries, whenmany figures fallen into disgrace were held within its walls .The Tower is a complex ofseveral buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat.THE TOWER OF LONDON AND LONDONBRIDGE
  14. 14. LONDON BRIDGEA bridge has existed at or near the present site over the period from the Romanoccupation of the area, nearly 2,000 years ago. There was a Saxon bridge in1016, London Bridge has been destroyed more than once .By the end of the18th century, the old London Bridge— by then over 600 years old- was replacedand it was widened in 1902.
  15. 15. The present building dates from the 17th century and was designed by Sir Christopher Wren. It isLondons fifth St Pauls Cathedral, all having been built on the same site since AD 604. It’s one ofLondons most famous and most recognizable sights. At 111m high, it was the tallest building inLondon from 1710 to 1962, and its dome is also among the highest in the world.This Anglican Cathedral is home of tombs of famous people such as Admiral Nelson, W.Turner,V.Fleming.ST. PAUL’S CATHEDRAL
  16. 16. The London Millennium Footbridge is a steel suspension bridge for pedestrians crossing theRiver Thames linking Bank side with the City. The bridge was open on 10 June 2000.Thebridge was designed by N. Foster,O.Arup and sculptor A. Caro.The southern end of the bridge is near Globe Theatre and Tate Modern.The Millennium Bridge
  17. 17. A former power stationclosed in 1981 wasconverted by architectsHerzog & Meuron in aMuseum for Modern Artwhich shows works ofMonet, Kapur, Rothko,Picasso, Warhol…
  19. 19. It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, 135-metre tall, situated on the banks ofthe River Thames since 20 January 2011. The wheel carries 32 sealed passengercapsules from which you’ve got a Panoramic view of the city.VIEWS FROM THE LONDON EYE
  20. 20. Buckingham Palace is the London home and primary residence ofthe British monarch. When the flag is on the pole, it means that the Monarch is in thepalaceBuilt for the Duke of Buckingham in 1705 , later became the private residence forQueen Charlotte. During the 19th century it was enlarged and finally became theofficial royal palace of the British monarch on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837Dimarts 18
  21. 21. The Victoria Memorialwas and erected in1911 in front of themain gates atBuckingham Palace
  22. 22. The Queens Guard ismounted at the royal residences.The Queens Guard is not purelyceremonial in nature. They providesentries during the day and night.The Forecourt of BuckinghamPalace is used for the changing ofthe guard.,
  23. 23. Camden Lock market started in a former timber-yardin 1973, and is now surrounded by five more markets.The markets are a major tourist attraction at weekends,selling goods of all types including fashion, lifestyle, books,food, junk/antiques and more bizarre items; they and thesurrounding shops are popular with young people, inparticular those searching for "alternative" clothing.
  24. 24. The Regent’s Canel runs through the north end of Camden Town.Canalboat trips along the canal from Camden Lock are a popularactivity, particularly in the summer months. A regular waterbusservice operates along the Regents Canal from Camden Lock. Boatsdepart every hour during the summer months, heading westwardsaround Regent’s Park
  25. 25. Covent GardenA small open-air fruit and vegetable market since 1654. Gradually, both themarket and the surrounding area fell into disrepute as taverns, theatres,coffee-houses and brothels.A neo-classical building was erected in 1830 to both cover and help organizethe market. in 1974 the market relocated and The central building re-opened asa shopping centre in 1980, and is now a popular tourist location containingcafes, pubs, small shops, and a craft market.
  26. 26. The Royal Opera House, Covent GardenOriginally opened on the 7th of December 1732.The building we see nowopened in 1858. The building had an extensive reconstruction in the 1990s
  27. 27. THE NATIONAL GALLERYIt was founded in 1824 and houses a rich collection of over 2,300 paintingsdating from the mid-13th century to 1900 including paintings by Leonardo,Miquel Angelo, Velazquez, Rubens, Rembrandt, Turner, Cezane, etc.TRAFALGAR SQUAREDimecres 19
  28. 28. VELAZQUEZ “La Venus delEspejo”
  29. 29. UCCELLOBotticelliVan EyckRembrandtTurner
  30. 30. NOTTING HILLNotting Hill was known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses. However, the largehouses have also provided multi-occupancy rentals for much of the 20th century, attractingCaribbean immigrants in the 1950s.
  31. 31. Portobello Market is one of the most famous streetmarkets in the world. It takes up most of PortobelloRoad and stretches for around two miles through theheart of Notting Hill. You can buy antiques, food,clothes…
  33. 33. The Natural History
  34. 34. The Natural History museum is home tospecimens comprising some 70 millionitems within five main collections,including botany, zoology, and geology.It was built and opened by 1881. Ithouses also The Darwin Centre. Thereare lots of fossils, minerals, skeletonsand models of different animals.
  35. 35. Per dir adeu a Londres agafarem el metro fins a OxfordCircus i visitarem Oxford Street i SOHO. Podeu feralguna ultima compra i voltar pel barri fins les 12.30Soho in West End London has been established as anentertainment district for much of the 20th century.Since the early 1980s, the area has undergoneconsiderable transformation. It now is predominantly afashionable district of up market restaurants.Despres anirem a fer un pic nic a Hyde park.Dijous 20
  36. 36. HYDE PARKIt’s one of the largest parks in London, covers 142 hectares. The park wasthe site of The Great Exhibition of 1851, for which the Crystal Palace was enclosed as a deer park and remained a private hunting ground forthe king until in 1637 the park was opened to the general public.
  37. 37. A Speakers Corner is anarea where open-air publicspeaking, debate anddiscussion are allowed.The original and mostnoted is in the north-eastcorner of Hyde Park.Speakers there may speakon any subject, as long asthe police consider theirspeeches lawful. Contraryto popular belief, there isno immunity from the law,nor are any subjectsproscribed, but in practicethe police tend to betolerant and thereforeintervene only when theyreceive a complaint or ifthey hear profanity.Public riots broke out inthe park in 1855, The riotswere described by K.Marxas the beginning of theEnglish revolution. Theriots and agitation fordemocratic reformencouraged some to forcethe issue of the "right tospeak" in Hyde Park.Speakers Corner wasfrequented by K.Marx,Lenin, G.Orwell.
  38. 38. Marble Arch is at thejunction of Oxford st. andEdgware Rd. oppositeSpeakers’ corner in Hydepark.Historically, onlymembers of the royalfamily and the King’sTroop, have been allowedto pass through the archin ceremonial procession.
  39. 39. A les 13.30 ens recolliran per tornar al’aeroport.Arribada a BCN terminal 1/20.25Dijous 20:Últim dia. Hem de deixarl’alberg a les 10h.Deixarem les maletes aconsigna.Recordeu deixarfora elsdocuments !