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PEPEKE NONO`A HAW 102
PEPEKE NONOʻA <ul><li>Pepeke Nonoʻa sentences are used to show ownership of an object. As you will recall, the word “he” t...
NĀ LA`ANA: kaʻi + memeʻa <ul><li>HE  thing  KO/KĀ  ka`i + meme`a </li></ul><ul><li>He lio ko nā keiki kāne. The boys have ...
NĀ LAʻANA: Iʻoa <ul><li>HE  thing  KO/KĀ  i`oa  </li></ul><ul><li>He hale ko Kalani. Kalani has a house. </li></ul><ul><li...
USE OF PAPANI w/KO & KĀ <ul><li>Note the following contractions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ko + au = ko`u kā + au = ka`u </li>...
NĀ LAʻANA: Papani <ul><li>HE  thing  KO/KĀ  papani </li></ul><ul><li>He kaʻa kona. He has a car. </li></ul><ul><li>He hale...
PEPEKE NONOʻA (plural) <ul><li>To make it plural, meaning that the possessor has more than one of the item, add the word “...
NĀ LA`ANA: kaʻi + memeʻa <ul><li>HE  (MAU)  thing  KO/KĀ  ka`i + meme`a </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kalaka ko kēlā kāne. That...
NĀ LAʻANA: Iʻoa <ul><li>HE  (MAU)  thing  KO/KĀ  i`oa </li></ul><ul><li>He mau paleʻili mākuʻe ko Wailana. Wailana has som...
NĀ LAʻANA: Papani <ul><li>HE  (MAU)  thing  KO/KĀ  papani </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kāmaʻa ʻākala kona. She has some pink s...
REMINDERS <ul><li>Note that you do not have to change or add anything to make it past tense as in “had.” He mau penikala k...
PEPEKE NONOʻA vs.  PEPEKE ʻAIKE HE <ul><li>Pepeke Nono`a sentences usually translate as “ --- has/had A ---.”  </li></ul><...
PEPEKE NONOʻA vs.  PEPEKE ʻAIKE HE PEPEKE NONO`A PEPEKE `AIKE HE He makua kou.  You have a parent. He makua `oe.  You are ...
 
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Pepeke nonoa

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Pepeke nonoa

  1. 1. PEPEKE NONO`A HAW 102
  2. 2. PEPEKE NONOʻA <ul><li>Pepeke Nonoʻa sentences are used to show ownership of an object. As you will recall, the word “he” translates as “a” or “an.” Thus, most pepeke nonoʻa sentences have “a” or “an” in the English translation. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>HE thing KO/KĀ possessor </li></ul><ul><li>__Possessor __ has/had (a/an) __thing____ </li></ul>
  3. 3. NĀ LA`ANA: kaʻi + memeʻa <ul><li>HE thing KO/KĀ ka`i + meme`a </li></ul><ul><li>He lio ko nā keiki kāne. The boys have a horse. </li></ul><ul><li>He pāpale poni ko ko`u hoaaloha. My friend has a purple hat. </li></ul><ul><li>He penikala kā ka haumāna. The student has a pencil. </li></ul><ul><li>He kanakē `awa`awa kā ke keiki. The child has (a) sour candy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. NĀ LAʻANA: Iʻoa <ul><li>HE thing KO/KĀ i`oa </li></ul><ul><li>He hale ko Kalani. Kalani has a house. </li></ul><ul><li>He kulanui maika`i ko Hilo. Hilo has a good university. </li></ul><ul><li>He mo`opuna kā Noe. Noe has a grandchild. </li></ul><ul><li>He keiki akamai kā Lani. Lani has a smart child. </li></ul>
  5. 5. USE OF PAPANI w/KO & KĀ <ul><li>Note the following contractions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ko + au = ko`u kā + au = ka`u </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ko + `oe = kou kā + `oe = kāu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ko + `o ia = kona kā + `o ia = kāna </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All other papani simply follow ko/kā as in the following examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ko lāua kā lāua </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ko mākou kā mākou </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. NĀ LAʻANA: Papani <ul><li>HE thing KO/KĀ papani </li></ul><ul><li>He kaʻa kona. He has a car. </li></ul><ul><li>He hale nui ko lāua. They (2) have a big house. </li></ul><ul><li>He puke kaʻu. I have a book. </li></ul><ul><li>He ʻīlio `ele`ele kāu. You have a black dog. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PEPEKE NONOʻA (plural) <ul><li>To make it plural, meaning that the possessor has more than one of the item, add the word “MAU” after “he.” </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>HE (MAU) thing KO/KĀ possessor </li></ul><ul><li>__Possessor __ has/had (some) __thing____ </li></ul><ul><li>__Possessor __ has/had __thing____ s </li></ul>
  8. 8. NĀ LA`ANA: kaʻi + memeʻa <ul><li>HE (MAU) thing KO/KĀ ka`i + meme`a </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kalaka ko kēlā kāne. That (f) man has some trucks. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kāma`a nui ko ko`u hoaaloha. My friend has some big shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau peni uliuli kā kēia keiki. This child has some blue pens . </li></ul><ul><li>He mau pōpoki kā kāna kumu. Her teacher has some cats . </li></ul>
  9. 9. NĀ LAʻANA: Iʻoa <ul><li>HE (MAU) thing KO/KĀ i`oa </li></ul><ul><li>He mau paleʻili mākuʻe ko Wailana. Wailana has some brown t-shirts. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau lio ko Lokelani. Lokelani has some horses. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau ʻeke nani kā Pualani. Pualani has some nice bags. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau uaki kā Kekoa ma ka pahuʻume. Kekoa has some watches in the dresser. </li></ul>
  10. 10. NĀ LAʻANA: Papani <ul><li>HE (MAU) thing KO/KĀ papani </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kāmaʻa ʻākala kona. She has some pink shoes. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau mākua ʻoluʻolu koʻu. </li></ul><ul><li>I have (some) nice parents. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau puke kaumaha kāu. You have heavy books. </li></ul><ul><li>He mau kīwī nui loa kā lāua. </li></ul><ul><li>They (2) have big TVs. </li></ul>
  11. 11. REMINDERS <ul><li>Note that you do not have to change or add anything to make it past tense as in “had.” He mau penikala kā ka haumāna can also translate as “The student had pencils.” The way to tell whether “has,” “have,” or “had” is appropriate is looking at it in its context (the other sentences around it). </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Also, as learned in the Pepeke ‘Aike He sentences, words such as poi, water, sand, beer, etc. are considered “mass nouns” and do not need “mau” after he as shown in the following examples: </li></ul><ul><li>He pia kā Kaipo. Kaipo has/had beer. </li></ul><ul><li> He ʻōpala kā kēlā keiki. That (f) child has rubbish. </li></ul>
  12. 12. PEPEKE NONOʻA vs. PEPEKE ʻAIKE HE <ul><li>Pepeke Nono`a sentences usually translate as “ --- has/had A ---.” </li></ul><ul><li>Note the difference with a Pepeke Nono`a and a Pepeke `Aike He as shown below: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pepeke Nonoʻa: He kaʻa kou. You have a car. </li></ul><ul><li>Pepeke ‘Aike He: He kaʻa ʻoe. You are a car. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Pepeke Nonoʻa: He kumu kā Kalani. Kalani has a teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>Pepeke ʻAike He: He kumu ʻo Kalani. Kalani is a teacher. </li></ul>
  13. 13. PEPEKE NONOʻA vs. PEPEKE ʻAIKE HE PEPEKE NONO`A PEPEKE `AIKE HE He makua kou. You have a parent. He makua `oe. You are a parent He ka`a ko kou māmā. Your mom has a car. He ka`a kou māmā. Your mom is a car. He pōpoki kā ke keiki. The child has a cat. He pōpoki ke keiki. The child is a cat.

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