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Pepeke painu

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Pepeke painu

  1. 1. NĀ`ANA: PEPEKE PAINU HAW 102
  2. 2. PEPEKE PAINU W/KA`I <ul><li>QUALITY/TRAIT KA`I PERSON/PLACE/THING. </li></ul><ul><li>ka`i person/place/thing is quality/trait </li></ul><ul><li>The water is cold. Cold the water. Anuanu ka wai. </li></ul><ul><li>The ball is big. Big the ball. Nui ke kinipōpō. </li></ul><ul><li>Her hair is long. Long her hair. Lō`ihi kona lauoho. </li></ul><ul><li>That dog is black. Black that dog. `Ele`ele kēlā `īlio. </li></ul><ul><li>My friend is smart. Smart my friend. Akamai ko`u hoaaloha. </li></ul><ul><li>Your car is old. Old your car. Kahiko kou ka`a. </li></ul><ul><li>His pencil is short. Short his pencil. Pōkole kāna penikala </li></ul>
  3. 3. PEPEKE PAINU W/I`OA <ul><li>QUALITY/TRAIT `o I`OA (PROPER NOUN) . </li></ul><ul><li>I`oa (proper noun) is quality/trait . </li></ul><ul><li>Lani is pretty. Pretty Lani. U`i `o Lani. </li></ul><ul><li>Kona is hot. Hot Kona. Wela `o Kona. </li></ul><ul><li>Kalani is strong. Strong Kalani. Ikaika `o Kalani. </li></ul><ul><li>Mele is smart. Smart Mele. Akamai `o Mele. </li></ul>
  4. 4. PEPEKE PAINU W/PAPANI <ul><li>QUALITY/TRAIT PAPANI (Pronoun) </li></ul><ul><li>Papani (Pronoun ) is quality/trait . </li></ul><ul><li>You are smart. Smart you. Akamai `oe. </li></ul><ul><li>I am cold. Cold I. Anuanu wau. </li></ul><ul><li>He is tired. Tired he. Luhi `o ia. </li></ul><ul><li>We are hungry. Hungry we. Pōloli mākou. </li></ul>
  5. 5. HŌ`OLE: PEPEKE PAINU <ul><li>To negate this sentence, simply put `A`ole in front of the kāhulu (adjective) as in the following examples: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li> English Hawaiian Thinking (Pidgin) Po`o Piko </li></ul><ul><li>The water is not cold. Not cold the water. `A`ole anuanu ka wai. </li></ul><ul><li>The ball is not big. Not big the ball. `A`ole nui ke kinipōpō. </li></ul><ul><li>Her hair is not long. Not long her hair. `A`ole lō`ihi kona lauoho. </li></ul><ul><li>That dog is not black. Not black that dog. `A`ole `ele`ele kēlā `īlio. </li></ul><ul><li>My friend is not smart. Not smart my friend. `A`ole akamai ko`u hoaaloha. </li></ul><ul><li>Your car is not old. Not old your car. `A`ole kahiko kou ka`a. </li></ul><ul><li>His pencil is not short. Not short his pencil. `A`ole pōkole kāna penikala. </li></ul><ul><li>Lani is not pretty. Not pretty Lani. `A`ole u`i `o Lani. </li></ul>
  6. 6. HŌ`OLE: PEPEKE PAINU W/PAPANI <ul><li>The only exception is when the piko, or subject is a papani (pronoun such as I, you or he/she). When the piko is a papani, it should come directly after `A`ole as shown below: </li></ul><ul><li>English Hawaiian </li></ul><ul><li>You are not ugly. `A`ole `oe pupuka. </li></ul><ul><li>I am not skinny. `A`ole wau wīwī. </li></ul><ul><li>He is not nice. `A`ole `o ia `olu`olu. </li></ul>
  7. 7. IMPORTANT REMINDERS
  8. 8. PEPEKE PAINU & `AWE <ul><li>Unlike the pepeke henua, the pepeke painu does not need an `awe. (You learned about `awe in the Pepeke Henua lecture). As a reminder, an `awe is the part of the sentence that begins with an `ami (me, ma, i). The `awe part of the sentence indicates when, where, or with whom someone or something is. You may, however, choose to add an `awe to the sentence for further description. </li></ul><ul><li>That (f) car on the road is white. </li></ul><ul><li>Ke`oke`o kēlā ka`a ma ke alanui. </li></ul><ul><li>My friend at school is smart. Akamai ko`u hoaaloha ma ke kula. </li></ul><ul><li>*Remember that you need a ka`i before kula even if it sounds funny to say at the school in English. </li></ul>
  9. 9. `O REMINDERS
  10. 10. PEPEKE PAINU? <ul><li>Akamai `o ia. He/she is smart. </li></ul><ul><li>Akamai `o ia? Is he/she smart? </li></ul><ul><li>Kaulana kēlā keiki. That (f) child is famous. </li></ul><ul><li>Kaulana kēlā keiki? Is that (f) child famous? </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  11. 11. PEPEKE PAINU W/KĀHULU <ul><li>You may add a kāhulu (adjective) to the po`o of the sentence as shown below: </li></ul><ul><li>U`i loa kēlā wahine. </li></ul><ul><li>That (f) woman is very beautiful. </li></ul><ul><li>Lō`ihi loa ka`u keiki. </li></ul><ul><li>My child is very tall. </li></ul><ul><li>`Ano pōkole kēia mo`olelo. </li></ul><ul><li>This story is kind of short. </li></ul>
  12. 12. PEPEKE HENUA VS. PEPEKE PAINU <ul><li>It is important to recognize the difference between Pepeke Henua (locational sentences) and Pepeke Painu (descriptive sentences). Study the following pairs of sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>`Ākala ka`u penikala ma ke pākaukau. My pencil on the table is pink. </li></ul><ul><li>Aia ka`u penikala `ākala ma ke pākaukau. My pink pencil is on the table. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Nui loa ke kapa moe ma kona pela moe. The bedspread on his bed is large . </li></ul><ul><li>Aia ke kapa moe nui loa ma kona pela moe. The large bedspread is on his bed. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Look at what comes after “is” in English. If it is a descriptive word, then it is a Pepeke Painu. If it is followed by in, at or on, then it is a Pepeke Henua as it is telling you when/where something/someone is. </li></ul>

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