PEPEKE PAINU W/KA`I
QUALITY/TRAIT KA`I PERSON/PLACE/THING.
ka`i person/place/thing is quality/trait
• The water is cold. Cold the water. Anuanu ka wai.
• The ball is big. Big the ball. Nui ke kinip p .ō ō
• Her hair is long. Long her hair. L `ihi kona lauoho.ō
• That dog is black. Black that dog. `Ele`ele k l ` lio.ē ā ī
• My friend is smart. Smart my friend. Akamai ko`u
• Your car is old. Old your car. Kahiko kou ka`a.
• His pencil is short. Short his pencil. P kole k na penikalaō ā
PEPEKE PAINU W/I`OA
QUALITY/TRAIT `o I`OA (PROPER NOUN).
I`oa (proper noun) is quality/trait.
• Lani is pretty. Pretty Lani. U`i `o Lani.
• Kona is hot. Hot Kona. Wela `o Kona.
• Kalani is strong. Strong Kalani. Ikaika `o Kalani.
• Mele is smart. Smart Mele. Akamai `o Mele.
PEPEKE PAINU W/PAPANI
QUALITY/TRAIT PAPANI (Pronoun)
Papani (Pronoun) is quality/trait.
• You are smart. Smart you. Akamai `oe.
• I am cold. Cold I. Anuanu wau.
• He is tired. Tired he. Luhi `o ia.
• We are hungry. Hungry we. P loli m kou.ō ā
H `OLE: PEPEKE PAINUŌ
• To negate this sentence, simply put `A`ole in front of the k huluā
(adjective) as in the following examples:
English Hawaiian Thinking (Pidgin) Po`o
• The water is not cold. Not cold the water. `A`ole anuanu ka wai.
• The ball is not big. Not big the ball. `A`ole nui ke kinip p .ō ō
• Her hair is not long. Not long her hair. `A`ole l `ihi konaō
• That dog is not black. Not black that dog. `A`ole `ele`ele k l ` lio.ē ā ī
• My friend is not smart. Not smart my friend. `A`ole akamai ko`u
• Your car is not old. Not old your car. `A`ole kahiko kou
• His pencil is not short. Not short his pencil. `A`ole p kole k naō ā
• Lani is not pretty. Not pretty Lani. `A`ole u`i `o Lani.
H `OLE: PEPEKE PAINUŌ
• The only exception is when the piko, or subject is a papani
(pronoun such as I, you or he/she). When the piko is a papani,
it should come directly after `A`ole as shown below:
• You are not ugly. `A`ole `oe pupuka.
• I am not skinny. `A`ole wau w w .ī ī
• He is not nice. `A`ole `o ia `olu`olu.
PEPEKE PAINU & `AWE
• Unlike the pepeke henua, the pepeke painu does not need an `awe. (You
learned about `awe in the Pepeke Henua lecture). As a reminder, an `awe
is the part of the sentence that begins with an `ami (me, ma, i). The `awe
part of the sentence indicates when, where, or with whom someone or
something is. You may, however, choose to add an `awe to the sentence for
• That (f) car on the road is white.
Ke`oke`o k l ka`a ma ke alanui.ē ā
• My friend at school is smart.
Akamai ko`u hoaaloha ma ke kula.
*Remember that you need a ka`i before kula even if it sounds funny to say
at the school in English.
• Akamai `o ia. He/she is smart.
Akamai `o ia? Is he/she smart?
• Kaulana k l keiki.ē ā That (f) child is famous.
Kaulana k l keiki?ē ā Is that (f) child famous?
PEPEKE PAINU W/K HULUĀ
• You may add a k hulu (adjective) to the po`oā
of the sentence as shown below:
• U`i loa k l wahine.ē ā
That (f) woman is very beautiful.
• L `ihi loa ka`u keiki.ō
My child is very tall.
• `Ano p kole k ia mo`olelo.ō ē
This story is kind of short.
PEPEKE PAINU w/K HULUĀ
• You may add a k hulu (adjective) to the noun.ā
As we learned earlier this semester, it goes
AFTER the noun as shown below:
– Ma alahi k ia ha awina p kole.ʻ ē ʻ ō
This short lesson is easy.
– Nui k u eke poni.ā ʻ
Your purple bag is big.
PEPEKE HENUA VS. PEPEKE PAINU
• It is important to recognize the difference between Pepeke Henua (locational
sentences) and Pepeke Painu (descriptive sentences). Study the following
pairs of sentences:
• ` kala ka`u penikala ma ke p kaukau.Ā ā My pencil on the table is pink.
• Aia ka`u penikala ` kala ma ke p kaukau.ā ā My pink pencil is on the table.
• Nui loa ke kapa moe ma kona pela moe. The bedspread on his bed is
• Aia ke kapa moe nui loa ma kona pela moe. The large bedspread is on his
• Tip: Look at what comes after “is” in English. If it is a descriptive word, then
it is a Pepeke Painu. If it is followed by in, at, on or with, then it is a Pepeke
Henua as it is telling you when/where something/someone is.