Ped 488 acl replacement

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ACL Replacement Presentation

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Ped 488 acl replacement

  1. 1. Acl replacementMichael gibbs<br />
  2. 2. What is the ACL?<br />Anterior Cruciate Ligament – Located in the knee and connects the femur to the tibia.<br />The ACL restricts twisting and excessive forward motion of the knee.<br />
  3. 3. The Causes of an ACL Tear<br />Twisting or Pivoting of the Knee<br />Hyperextension of the Knee<br />Many of these injuries are in athletic settings<br />More common in females than males<br />“The NCAA data also reports that female basketball and soccer players have a significantly higher incidence of knee injuries in general, and ACL injuries in particular, than their male counterparts. “<br />Lack of hip strength, imbalance in hamstring and quadricep strength, and lack of joint strength.<br />
  4. 4. Examples<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aRPSp3uCEpo<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyxlqF_3_Vw<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1VLN2dlbV0<br />
  5. 5. Surgery and Risks<br />Surgery requires a graft replacement using either a patellar tendon graft, hamstring graft, or using a donor graft. <br />Some complications can include stiffness, blood clots, and infection.<br />Many of these very rarely occur but there are preventive measures for the stiffness and blood clots.<br />Stiffness – movement exercises within 24-48 hours of surgery<br />Blood Clots – Pressure stocking to reduce swelling and move blood throughout the leg.<br />
  6. 6. Recovery and Rehab<br />Rehab takes six months to one year.<br />Most patients will begin movement exercises the day after surgery to prevent stiffness in the new ACL.<br />eHealthMD breaks down the rehabilitation into six different phases.<br />http://www.ehealthmd.com/library/acltears/ACL_rehab.html<br />
  7. 7. Exercise Benefits and Risks<br />Benefits of Exercise will improve lower body strength and may make the individual stronger than before the injury.<br />Increases stability, balance, and core strength<br />If physical therapy isn’t taken seriously, the ability to return to true form can lead to reoccurring injury or additional surgery.<br />Must be careful with doing heavy weight such as squats, deadlifts, or leg press.<br />Major risk will be when participating in sports than can lead to this injury.<br />Football, Basketball, Soccer, etc. <br />
  8. 8. Exercise Prescription<br />Single Leg Exercises<br />Ball Squats against the wall<br />Three Cone Pick Up<br />Leg Press<br />Hamstring Curls<br />Double Leg Squats <br />Abductor/Adductor Exercises<br />Lunges – Forward and Backwards<br />
  9. 9. References <br />http://www.ehealthmd.com<br />http://www.webmd.com<br />http://www.wikipedia.com<br />

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