Computer Applications One
COPYRIGHT: –noun the exclusive right to make copies, license, and
otherwise exploit a literary, musical, or artistic work, whether printed,
audio, video, etc.: works granted such right by law on or after January 1,
1978, are protected for the lifetime of the author or creator and for a
period of 50 years after his or her death.
The conditions under which you can use
material that is copyrighted by someone
else without paying royalties
Conditions you must use meet to claim
•The copy is used in a non-profit educational
institution or with homebound students.
•The copy is used in face-to-face instruction.
•The copy is used in support of curricular objectives.
•The copy is legally obtained.
Up to 10% or 1000 words of a copyrighted
work may be used, whichever is less.
An entire poem if less it is less than 250
250 words or less may be used from a longer
No more than 5 poems or excerpts of
different poets may be used from a poetry
Only 3 poems or excerpts may be used from
a single poet in a presentation.
more than 5 images of an artist’s or
photographer’s work may be used in a
When using photographs from a collection,
no more than 10% or 15 images
(whichever is less) may be used.
A photograph or illustration must be used
without cropping or alteration.
A teacher can make a single copy of a book chapter, magazine or newspaper article, picture
from a book, magazine, or newspaper for personal research or for teaching.
Multiple Copies - A teacher can make multiple classroom copies of printed works.
A complete poem if less than 250 words or 250 words from a longer poem
A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words
1,000 words or 10% (whichever is less) of an article or story more than 2,500 words long
A single graphic or picture from book or issue
Combinations of prose, poetry, and illustrations up to 10% of total
users must include copyright notice on the item
Exception: children’s/picture books less than 2,500 words
excerpt no more than two pages
may not contain more than 10% of total words
The number of copies may not exceed one per pupil
The use is spontaneous and there is not enough time to contact copyright holder for
Copies may not be used year after year
Thou Shall Not
copy consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, test
booklets, and answer sheets
make copies to save money.
be directed by higher authority to make illegal copies
Broadcast programs are defined as television programs transmitted by television stations for reception by
the general public without charge
Broadcast programs may be:
recorded and retained for a period of 45 calendar days from the date of recording.
School days do not include weekends, holidays, vacations, examination periods, or other scheduled
used once by individual teachers in classroom teaching activities.
used with students only during first 10 school days.
repeated once during the first 10 school days for reinforcement if necessary.
used after 10 days only by a teacher for evaluation purposes.
made only at request of and used by individual teachers.
Broadcast programs must be erased at the conclusion of the retention period.
Broadcast programs may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests.
No program may be recorded for an individual teacher more than one time regardless of number of times
it is broadcast.
A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the legitimate needs of
teachers under fair use guidelines (subject to same provisions as original).
Recording need not be used in their entirety.
Recordings may not be altered from their original content.
Recordings may not be physically or electronically combined or merged into teaching anthologies or
All recordings must include the copyright notice.
Premium cable channels are not considered broadcast channels since they are not open to the general
public free of charge.
1980 amendment to 1976 Copyright Act
that defined computer programs.
Copying is an infringement whether it is
done for sale, free distribution, or copier’s
own personal use.
Liability for infringement usually falls on
party owning the computer.
Lending, renting, or leasing software is
illegal without permission.
Adaptation is changing the media format of
an original work or modifying the work.
You may NOT enlarge, modify, or convert a
copyrighted work to a different medium