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  1. 1. By Tori Small Copyrights
  2. 2. Copyright <ul><li>Five Fundamental Rights: Reproduction, Adaptation, Publication, Performance, and Display </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fair use <ul><li>The copy is used in a non-profit educational institution or with homebound students. </li></ul><ul><li>The copy is used in face-to-face instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>The copy is used in support of curricular objectives. </li></ul><ul><li>The copy is legally obtained. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How much text can I use in a Presentation? <ul><li>Up to 10% or 1000 words of a copyrighted work may be used, whichever is less. </li></ul><ul><li>An entire poem if less it is less than 250 words. </li></ul><ul><li>250 words or less may be used from a longer poem. </li></ul><ul><li>No more than 5 poems or excerpts of different poets may be used from a poetry anthology. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 3 poems or excerpts may be used from a single poet in a presentation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Photocopying Fair use <ul><li>A teacher can make a single copy of a book chapter, magazine or newspaper article, picture from a book, magazine, or newspaper for personal research or for teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple Copies - A teacher can make multiple classroom copies of printed works. </li></ul><ul><li>A complete poem if less than 250 words or 250 words from a longer poem </li></ul><ul><li>A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words </li></ul><ul><li>1,000 words or 10% (whichever is less) of an article or story more than 2,500 words long </li></ul><ul><li>A single graphic or picture from book or issue </li></ul><ul><li>Combinations of prose, poetry, and illustrations up to 10% of total </li></ul><ul><li>users must include copyright notice on the item </li></ul><ul><li>Exception: children’s/picture books less than 2,500 words </li></ul>
  6. 6. Photocopying Summary <ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>The number of copies may not exceed one per pupil </li></ul><ul><li>The use is spontaneous and there is not enough time to contact copyright holder for permission </li></ul><ul><li>Copies may not be used year after year </li></ul><ul><li>Thou Shall Not </li></ul><ul><li>copy consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests, test booklets, and answer sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Make copies to save money. </li></ul><ul><li>be directed by higher authority to make illegal copies </li></ul>
  7. 7. Commercial Fair Use <ul><li>Broadcast programs are defined as television programs transmitted by television stations for reception by the general public without charge </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast programs may be: </li></ul><ul><li>recorded and retained for a period of 45 calendar days from the date of recording. </li></ul><ul><li>used once by individual teachers in classroom teaching activities. </li></ul><ul><li>used with students only during first 10 school days. </li></ul><ul><li>repeated once during the first 10 school days for reinforcement if necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>used after 10 days only by a teacher for evaluation purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>made only at request of and used by individual teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast programs must be erased at the conclusion of the retention period. </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast programs may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests. </li></ul><ul><li>No program may be recorded for an individual teacher more than one time regardless of number of times it is broadcast. </li></ul><ul><li>A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the legitimate needs of teachers under fair use guidelines (subject to same provisions as original). </li></ul><ul><li>Recording need not be used in their entirety. </li></ul><ul><li>Recordings may not be altered from their original content. </li></ul><ul><li>Recordings may not be physically or electronically combined or merged into teaching anthologies or compilations. </li></ul><ul><li>All recordings must include the copyright notice. </li></ul><ul><li>Premium cable channels are not considered broadcast channels since they are not open to the general public free of charge. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Microcomputer Fair Use <ul><li>1980 amendment to 1976 Copyright Act that defined computer programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Copying is an infringement whether it is done for sale, free distribution, or copier’s own personal use. </li></ul><ul><li>Liability for infringement usually falls on party owning the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Lending, renting, or leasing software is illegal without permission. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Adaption <ul><li>Adaptation is changing the media format of an original work or modifying the work. You may NOT enlarge, modify, or convert a copyrighted work to a different medium without permission. </li></ul>