Computer Applications One
COPYRIGHT: –noun the exclusive right to make copies, license, and otherwise exploit a
literary, musical, or artistic work, whether printed, audio, video, etc.: works granted such right
by law on or after January 1, 1978, are protected for the lifetime of the author or creator and
for a period of 50 years after his or her death.
The conditions under which you can use material that is copyrighted
by someone else without paying royalties
Conditions you must use meet to claim Fair Use:
•The copy is used in a non-profit educational institution or with homebound students.
•The copy is used in face-to-face instruction.
•The copy is used in support of curricular objectives.
•The copy is legally obtained.
What conditions must I meet to
claim Fair Use?
Up to 10% or 1000 words of
a copyrighted work may be
used, whichever is less.
An entire poem if less it is
less than 250 words.
250 words or less may be
used from a longer poem.
No more than 5 poems or
excerpts of different poets
may be used from a poetry
Only 3 poems or excerpts
may be used from a single
poet in a presentation.
How much text can I use in a
No more than 5 images of an artist’s or
photographer’s work may be used in a single
When using photographs from a collection, no
more than 10% or 15 images (whichever is less)
may be used.
A photograph or illustration must be used without
cropping or alteration.
How many photos can I use in a
A teacher can make a single copy of a book chapter, magazine or newspaper
article, picture from a book, magazine, or newspaper for personal research or
Multiple Copies - A teacher can make multiple classroom copies of printed
A complete poem if less than 250 words or 250 words from a longer poem
A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words
1,000 words or 10% (whichever is less) of an article or story more than 2,500
A single graphic or picture from book or issue
Combinations of prose, poetry, and illustrations up to 10% of total
users must include copyright notice on the item
Exception: children’s/picture books less than 2,500 words
excerpt no more than two pages
may not contain more than 10% of total words
The number of copies may not exceed one per pupil
The use is spontaneous and there is not enough time to contact copyright
holder for permission
Copies may not be used year after year
Thou Shall Not
copy consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests,
test booklets, and answer sheets
make copies to save money.
be directed by higher authority to make illegal copies
Summarize Photocopying Fair Use.
Broadcast programs are defined as television programs transmitted by television stations
for reception by the general public without charge
Broadcast programs may be:
recorded and retained for a period of 45 calendar days from the date of recording.
School days do not include weekends, holidays, vacations, examination periods, or other
used once by individual teachers in classroom teaching activities.
used with students only during first 10 school days.
repeated once during the first 10 school days for reinforcement if necessary.
used after 10 days only by a teacher for evaluation purposes.
made only at request of and used by individual teachers.
Broadcast programs must be erased at the conclusion of the retention period.
Broadcast programs may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests.
No program may be recorded for an individual teacher more than one time regardless of
number of times it is broadcast.
A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the
legitimate needs of teachers under fair use guidelines (subject to same provisions as
All recordings must include the copyright notice.
Premium cable channels are not considered broadcast channels since they are not open to
the general public free of charge.
Commercial Fair Use.
1980 amendment to 1976 Copyright Act that defined computer programs.
Copying is an infringement whether it is done for sale, free distribution, or
copier’s own personal use.
Liability for infringement usually falls on party owning the computer.
Lending, renting, or leasing software is illegal without permission.
Summarize Microcomputer Fair
Adaptation is changing the media format
of an original work or modifying the work.
You may NOT enlarge, modify, or convert
a copyrighted work to a different medium
What is Adaptation?