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Internet Citing


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Internet Citing

  1. 1. Internet Citing Section 1.2 Lindsey Monroe Block 2 Computer Applications One COPYRIGHT: –noun the exclusive right to make copies, license, and otherwise exploit a literary, musical, or artistic work, whether printed, audio, video, etc.: works granted such right by law on or after January 1, 1978, are protected for the lifetime of the author or creator and for a period of 50 years after his or her death.
  2. 2. The conditions under which you can use material that is copyrighted  by someone else without paying royalties Conditions you must use meet to claim Fair Use:  •The copy is used in a non-profit educational institution or with homebound students. •The copy is used in face-to-face instruction. •The copy is used in support of curricular objectives. •The copy is legally obtained. What conditions must I meet to claim Fair Use?
  3. 3. Up to 10% or 1000 words of  a copyrighted work may be used, whichever is less.  An entire poem if less it is less than 250 words.  250 words or less may be used from a longer poem.  No more than 5 poems or excerpts of different poets may be used from a poetry anthology.  Only 3 poems or excerpts may be used from a single poet in a presentation. How much text can I use in a presentation?
  4. 4. No more than 5 images of an artist’s or  photographer’s work may be used in a single presentation.  When using photographs from a collection, no more than 10% or 15 images (whichever is less) may be used.  A photograph or illustration must be used without cropping or alteration. How many photos can I use in a presentation?
  5. 5. A teacher can make a single copy of a book chapter, magazine or newspaper  article, picture from a book, magazine, or newspaper for personal research or for teaching. Multiple Copies - A teacher can make multiple classroom copies of printed  works. A complete poem if less than 250 words or 250 words from a longer poem  A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words  1,000 words or 10% (whichever is less) of an article or story more than 2,500  words long A single graphic or picture from book or issue  Combinations of prose, poetry, and illustrations up to 10% of total  users must include copyright notice on the item  Exception: children’s/picture books less than 2,500 words  excerpt no more than two pages  may not contain more than 10% of total words  Conditions  The number of copies may not exceed one per pupil  The use is spontaneous and there is not enough time to contact copyright  holder for permission Copies may not be used year after year  Thou Shall Not  copy consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, standardized tests,  test booklets, and answer sheets make copies to save money.  be directed by higher authority to make illegal copies  Summarize Photocopying Fair Use.
  6. 6. Broadcast programs are defined as television programs transmitted by television stations  for reception by the general public without charge Broadcast programs may be:  recorded and retained for a period of 45 calendar days from the date of recording.  School days do not include weekends, holidays, vacations, examination periods, or other  scheduled interruptions. used once by individual teachers in classroom teaching activities.  used with students only during first 10 school days.  repeated once during the first 10 school days for reinforcement if necessary.  used after 10 days only by a teacher for evaluation purposes.  made only at request of and used by individual teachers.  Broadcast programs must be erased at the conclusion of the retention period.  Broadcast programs may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests.  No program may be recorded for an individual teacher more than one time regardless of  number of times it is broadcast. A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the  legitimate needs of teachers under fair use guidelines (subject to same provisions as original). All recordings must include the copyright notice.  Premium cable channels are not considered broadcast channels since they are not open to  the general public free of charge. Summarize Commercial Fair Use.
  7. 7. 1980 amendment to 1976 Copyright Act that defined computer programs.  Copying is an infringement whether it is done for sale, free distribution, or  copier’s own personal use.  Liability for infringement usually falls on party owning the computer.  Lending, renting, or leasing software is illegal without permission. Summarize Microcomputer Fair Use.
  8. 8. Adaptation is changing the media format  of an original work or modifying the work. You may NOT enlarge, modify, or convert a copyrighted work to a different medium without permission. What is Adaptation?