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Basic Art Vocabulary



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Glossary of terms used in intro to art

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Basic Art Vocabulary

  1. 1. Glossary Basic Art Vocabulary A Aqueduct Network of channels used to carry water Abstract Art Art in which the subject is to a city recognizable but portrayed in an unrealistic Arabesques Decorations composed of intertwined or stylized manner flowing patterns of flowers, leaves, Abstract Expressionism An art movement that branches, and scrollwork rejected recognizable subject matter and Architectural rendering A detailed, realistic, emphasized feelings and emotions. two-dimensional representation of a Abstract The subject of the artwork is simplified three-dimensional structure. or stylized. Architecture The art of planning and creating Achromatic White, black, and different values of buildings. gray Art Visual statement that represents the world, Acrylic A quick-drying, water-based synthetic communicates an idea or feeling, or presents paint. an interesting design. Additive A sculpting method produced by Art critic A person who practices art criticism. adding to or combining materials. Art criticism An organized approach for studying, Advertising design An area of graphic art understanding, and judging artworks. It whose goal is to help inform, sell, or involves four steps: description, analysis, promote products or services. interpretation, and judgment. Adobe Sun-dried clay used as building material Art Historian Person who judges artists and their Aerial Perspective A method of using hue, value, works by deciding how much they have and intensity to show distant objects influenced art history. Aesthetic views An idea or school of thought on Art history The study of art from past to present. what is most important in works of art. Art media Tools and materials used to create works Aesthetics The branch of philosophy concerned of art. with the nature and value of art. Art movement A trend formed when a group of Animator An artists who creates moving cartoons artists band together. Analogous Colors that are side by side on the color Artifacts Simple handmade tools or objects wheel Artisan Artist who specialize in crafts Amphitheater A circular or oval building with Artistic value Why and how an artwork is seats rising around an open space. important. Amphora A vase with two handles and a narrow Artists People who use imagination, creativity and neck skill to communicate ideas in visual form. Analogous colors Colors that are side by side on Ashcan School The popular name given to artists the color wheel and share a hue. who made realistic paintings of Analyzing In art criticism, noting how the art contemporary American city life. principles are used to organize the elements Assemblage A sculpting method in which of art. In art history, noting an artwork's different kinds of materials are gathered and style. joined together. 3-D collage Application Software that tells a computer to Asymmetrical Balance Type of balance in which a perform specific tasks. variety of different objects that have Applied art Art made to be functional as well as approximately equal visual weight are visually pleasing. placed on either side of the central axis. Architect An artist who plans and creates Atmospheric Perspective Decreasing the intensity buildings. of hues for objects that appear farther back in a composition. This technique is used to Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  2. 2. create the illusion of space and suggest the effects of light, air, and distance Caption Words or phrases that describe the story or Avocational Art produced that is not related to a action occurring in an illustration. Captions job or career can be located throughout a panel and sometimes above and below it. B Caricature A drawing that exaggerates one or more facial or bodily features. Background Area of a picture that appears farthest Carving A sculpting method in which material from the viewer. is cut or chipped away. Balance The principle of art concerned with Cast Shadow Shadow thrown by the object onto a arranging art elements in a work to create a surface; it is sharper and darker nearer the sense of stability. object. Banding Wheel A portable turntable used to rotate Casting A sculpting method in which melted pottery while it is being worked on. material is poured into a mold. Baroque An art style that emphasized movement, Castles Fort-like dwellings with high, thick walls contrast, and variety and towers Bat A slab of some material, usually round, upon Cathedrals Large churches; normally the principle which pottery is formed church of a bishop. Binder A liquid to which the dry pigment is Center of vision In one-point perspective, the added. vanishing point. In two point perspective, Bisque Fire First firing in which the water the place opposite the eye of the observer. molecules are burned off and the clay is left Ceramics The process of creating objects from hard, but porous. clay and hardening them by fire. Bisque Ware Pottery or ware that has been fired Chalk A soft rock composed of fossilized shells. once. Like charcoal, it can be ground or Bleed Drawing in which the shapes reach the edges compressed into a crayon. of the working area Charcoal A black or very dark-colored, brittle Blending Smoothly drawing dark values little by substance made of carbon little by pressing harder on the drawing Charcoal pencils Compressed charcoal in pencil medium. form Blind contour drawing An exercise in which you Clay Alumina, silica, water, impurities concentrate on the contours of the object you Cloister Covered walkway around an open court are drawing and avoid looking at your paper. Cinematographer The person in charge of Bone Dry Coniditon of unfired pottery that looks running the camera or cameras. and feels completely dry Collage An artwork made up of cut or tom Brayer A roller with a handle. materials pasted to a surface. Bristol Paint brush that has stiff hair. Paper that has Color The element of Mt that is derived from tooth reflected light. Buttress A brace or support placed on the outside of Color wheel An arrangement of hues in a circular a building format. Colored Chalk Dry, powdery sticks of pigments. C Colored Pencils Waxy pencils with strong, durable colors Calligraphy A method of fine handwriting, Columns Vertical posts that rise to support sometimes done with a brush another structure. Callipers used to measure when throwing pots with Comic Strips Multipaneled illustrations set up in a lids or making repeated shapes series that tell a story. Most stories are Camera A dark box with a hole controlling how humorous, but they can range from drama to much light enters. action. Compass Tool that is used to draw circles Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  3. 3. Complementary colors Colors opposite each other Cursor Point of bright light on a computer screen on the color wheel. that marks your position or location Composition How the art principles are used to organize the art elements. Compressed charcoal A form of charcoal made by D binding together tiny particles of ground Dabbing soft dabs of built-up color charcoal. Daguerreotype An image made on copper plates Computer graphics Drawings created by a coated with highly polished silver. computer Damp Room/Closet/Box Fairly airtight, and Concrete A hard, strong building material made maintaining slightly higher then normal from a mixture of powdered minerals, humidity place greenware is stored while gravel, and water. working on a piece. Conte Crayon The best-known type of drawing Description In art criticism, making a careful list of crayon. It is hard and grease free. all the things you see in the work. In art Content The message, feeling, or idea an artwork history, asking when, where, and by whom communicates. the work was done. Contour drawing A drawing in which an object is Design qualities The way the elements and drawn as though your drawing tool is principles of art are used in a work of art. moving along all the edges and the ridges of Design relationship The way the elements and the form. principles of art are combined. Cool Colors Blues, greens, purples; recede; Desktop publishing The use of a computer and soothing and calm; winter and early special software to combine text and mornings graphics on a page. Core Shadow Where the form turns away from the Digital art Art made in part or whole using light computer hardware and software. Cradle Board Harness worn on the shoulders and Digital camera A camera that contains a tiny used to carry a small child. scanner, which converts visual information Craftspersons Artists who make useful and into computer-coded form. aesthetically pleasing goods. Digitizing A method in which basic units of display Crafts Different areas of applied art in which called pixels are converted to dots. craftspeople work. Director The person in charge of shooting the Credit line A listing of important facts about an film and guiding the actors. artwork. Double Loading Painting technique where two Cropping Selecting a small area of a picture and colors appear side by side, achieved by eliminating the rest loading two colors. Cross contour Line that runs across the form of Dry Brush Painting technique that creates course, around it to show its volume or to give it irregular strokes depth. This kind of line creates the illusion Dry Media Media used in drawing that are free of of a third dimension, depth, in addition to liquid or moisture and remain that way width and height. when they are used. Dry media include Crosshatching The technique of using sets of pencils, charcoals, chalk, and crayon. crisscrossing, parallel, and overlapping lines Dwellings Home to create areas of differing degrees of darkness.. Cross-section Cutaway view. Cubism An art style in which a single object is E shown simultaneously from multiple points Earthenware low-fire clay, porous and soft after of view. firing unless glazed. Culture The ideas, beliefs, and living customs of a Edition A series of prints that are all exactly alike. people Editorial cartoons Cartoons that humorously Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  4. 4. express opinions on politics or social issues. Flip book A bound pad of paper containing a series Element of art The basic components, or building of drawings that when flipped, appear to blocks used to create works of art: line, have movement. shape, form, value, texture, space, and color. Floor plan A diagram, drawn to scale, of a room uses to create art. or building as seen from above. Elevation A drawing of an outside view of a Foreground Area of a picture that appears closest building. to the viewer. Emphasis The principle of art concerned with Foreshortening Shortening an object in a drawing making an element or object in an artwork to make it look as if it extends backward stand out. into the space. This method reproduces Encaustic A painting medium in which pigment is proportions a viewer sees mixed into melted wax. Form An element of art that refers to an object Engraving Work of art which is made by cutting with three dimensions. Like a shape, a form into a surface, inking the surface, and has length and width, but it also has depth. pressing paper against it to make a print. Formal Drawing Drawings that concentrate on Exaggeration Enlargement of figures or objects or design qualities their parts in a work of art to communicate Formalism Theory of art that concentrates on an idea or feeling design visual qualities Expressive qualities The way the drawing Formalist Specialist in the aesthetics who considers effectively communicates an idea, feeling, or only the design qualities- the elements and mood to the viewer. principles of art-to analyze and judge Extruder Tool that forces clay through a die to drawings produces various shapes Form Shadow Shadows on the side of forms away from the light source (middle values) F Found objects Natural or man-made objects found by chance and used in a work of art Facade The front of a building. Fan brush Flat profile spread as a fan. Ideal for Freestanding sculpture Sculpture surrounded on blending and smoothing transitions between all sides by space. colors or creating texture like hair, grass or Freehand drawings Drawings done without trees. measuring tools Fauvism An art movement and painting style that Fresco A painting medium in which pigment is made use of wild intense color combinations applied to a wall spread with wet plaster. to express emotion Frisket material used to preserve white on your Fibers Strands of any thin, threadlike material. paper as you paint; masking fluid Figure A positive shape. Also a human form in a work of art Fine-line marker Fiber tipped pen G Fine art Art valued solely for its visual appeal or success in communicating ideas or feelings. Gag Cartoon A single-panel cartoon depicting a Filbert Paint Bristles are narrow and flat, but come humorous situation either with or without to a rounded point. (cat’s tongue) Used on its caption side, a filbert gives a thin line; used flat it Gesso White, plaster-like surface used for drawing produces a broad brush stroke or painting/priming Fired Hardened by applying high heat. Gesture drawing A drawing in which lines are Flat brush bristles are arranged so the brush is drawn quickly and loosely to capture the quite wide but not very thick; should spring form and actions of a subject in movement or snap back into place Produces longish, Gothic International style An elegant, flowing style straight brush strokes; straight edge to it. of painting that was practiced throughout Flat wash used to quickly cover large areas with western Europe during the late fourteenth solid color. and early fifteenth centuries Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  5. 5. Glassblowing The craft of shaping melted glass by Horizon A line that divides the sky from the blowing air into it through a tube. ground or a body of water Glaze A thin, transparent layer of paint applied over Horizontals Drawings that are wider then they are a layer of existing dry color. long Glazed Ceramics coated with a mixture of powdered Hue A color's name. chemicals that melt during firing to form a hard, glasslike finish I Glaze Fire Second fire in which the quartz Illuminations illustrations in early handmade inversion takes place and the glazed ware is manuscripts. vitrified. Illustration Drawings used to tell a story, give Gouache Paint made from pigments ground in water instructions, or make a product look and mixed with gum to form opaque attractive. watercolor. Gouache resembles tempera Illustrator An artist who creates the visual images paint. that complement written words Gradation Principle of art that combines elements Impasto paint applied in thick, buttery in a work of art by using a series of gradual layers/texture. changes. Imitationalism Theory of art that focuses on the Graded Wash color transitions down the page from literal or realistic qualities of artworks dark to light Impressionism A style of painting that attempts Graphic designer An artist who translates ideas into to capture the rapidly changing effects of words an images to create attractive sunlight on objects. materials for businesses, individuals, and India Ink Black drawing ink. It is available in tow organizations types: waterproof and soluble. Waterproof Graphics table A flat piece of equipment with a withstands washes, soluble dissolves in type of electronic pencil called a stylus or water. digital pen Informal balance Involves a balance of unlike Greenware Pottery or other ware that has not been objects or elements. fired; maybe wet leather hard or bone dry. Intaglio Printmaking technique in which the Ground The empty spaces between the shapes or image to be printed is cut or etched into a forms. Negative shapes. surface. H Intensity The brightness or dullness of a hue. Interior Designer Artist who plans the design and Handbuilding To make pots or other forms by any decoration of the interior spaces in homes method other than throwing on a wheel or an offices. mechanical process; usually refers to Intermediate Colors made of primary and adjacent pinching, coiling, and slab techniques. secondary color Halftone The value of the actual object; it masses Internet A network of linked computers that against and emerges from the core shadow exchange information with one another by Harmony The principle of art concerned with way of telephone cables, microwave towers, combining similar art elements to create a and satellite transmissions. pleasing appearance. Interpreting In art criticism, assigning a meaning or Hatching Drawing a series of thin lines all running finding a message in an artwork. In art parallel, or in the same direction. history, noting how time and place affect an Heroic Figure A figure that appears a little taller artist's style and subject matter. than life-sized Highlight Areas on a surface that reflect the most light. In a drawing, these areas are shown by light values to create the illusion of depth. High relief A type of relief sculpture in which the forms project boldly Horn a flat background. Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  6. 6. Logo A special image representing a business, J group, or product. Symbol, trademark that is immediately recognizable. Judging In art criticism, making a decision about a Loom A frame or machine that holds a set of work's success and giving reasons for that threads that run vertically. decision. In art history, determining an Low relief A type of relief sculpture in which the artwork's contribution to the history of art. forms project only slightly from a flat background. K M Ka Ancient Egyptian word meaning spirit. Key poses Poses that involve the position of Madonna A work showing the mother of Christ. characters at extreme points of movement, Manikin Wooden tool used to help practice figure usually marked by a change of direction. drawing and anatomy Kneaded eraser Pliable eraser used for lifting in Mannerisim A dramatic, emotionally charged style detailed areas, cleaned by tearing apart and of art created during the sixteenth century. putting back together. Maquette A three-dimensional scaled-down Kiln A special ceramics furnace. study of a larger planned sculpture. Mat Knife Box knife or utility knife, also used for L cutting mats. Matting Surrounding an artwork with a cardboard border. Drawings for an exhibition or an Landscape A drawing or painting of mountains, artist’s portfolio are often matted, as are trees, or other natural scenery. framed drawings Layout designers Graphic artists who arrange Mechanical drawing Drawing done with the help text and illustrations and prepare the of measuring tools material for printing. Media Materials used by an artist to create a work Leather-hard Clay that is still damp but is too dry to of art shape. Media Materials used by an artist to create a work Line A continuous mark made on some surface by a of art moving point. Medium Any material used to create art Line Art A line drawing composed of solid blacks Minarets Structures from which the faithful are and whites called to prayer each day. Linear Perspective Technique for creating the Mixed media Artwork in which several media are illusion of depth for the three-dimensional combined to obtain desired effects objects on a two dimensional surface known Mobile A sculptural technique in which painted as a picture plane sheet-metal shapes suspend freely from Linocut print A design cut into a block of linoleum. wires, permitting movement. The surface is then layered with ink and Modeling A sculpting method in which a soft or pressed onto a sheet of paper to transfer workable material is built up and shaped. design. Modeling Tool used for texture and shaping in Literal qualities The realistic or lifelike ceramics; wood or plastic representation of subject matter in a work of Monochromatic Different values of a single hue art. Monotypes Prints that are made by painting or Lithograph A print made by lithography. inking an image on a plate and transferring Lithography A printmaking technique in it to paper by pressing or hand-rubbing. which the image to be printed is drawn on Motion picture A series of photographs of the same limestone, zinc, or aluminum with a special subject taken a very short time apart and greasy crayon. flashed onto a screen. Movement The principle of art used to create the Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  7. 7. look and feel of action and to guide the mixed before use. viewer's eye throughout a work of art. Palette Knife used to scoop and mix paints; texture Multimedia art Art that simultaneously uses tool several different electronic media. Such ass Pastels Chalks that, depending on the kind and text, graphics, animation, video, and sound amount of binder, can be powdery, waxy, or Mop Brush Holds a large quantity of fluid paint. It's oily. They can be applied to high-quality a soft and floppy brush, ideal for large surfaces, usually special pastel papers, by watercolor washes. hand or with rubbing techniques. Available Murals Works of art painted an drawn directly on in both round and square sticks. walls. Patrons of the arts Sponsors, or supporters, of an artist or art-related events such as N exhibitions. Pattern A principle of art concerned with a two- Negative (Shape) Empty space surrounding a shape dimensional decorative effect achieved or form through the repetition of colors, lines, Neoclassicism An art style that attempted to shapes, and! or textures. recapture the spirit and style of art created in Pencil Drawing and writing tool that consists of a ancient Greece and Rome slender, cylindrical sassing around a Neutral Colors Browns and grays; formed by marking substance. mixing two complements, closer to color Perceive To become aware through the senses of found in nature the special nature of objects. Nonobjective art Art having no recognizable Perception Awareness of aspects of the subject matter. environment through the senses. Photogenic drawing The process of coating a O sheet of drawing paper with silver chloride. Photogram An image made using precoated paper that detects the presence of Oil paint Paint with an oil base. ultraviolet light. One Point Perspective A technique for perspective Photography The art of making images using in which the lines formed by the sides of the light and other principles of science. road, walk, or track seem to come together at Photojournalism Reporting a news event mainly or a vanishing point on the horizon. It is also totally through photographic images. known as parallel perspective. Picture plane The flat surface of a painting or Opaque Does not let light pass through. drawing. Opposite of transparent. Pigment Finely ground colored powders Outline Contour The line around the outer edge of a Pinch Pot Clay pot made by pinching or working figure or an object that shows the overall the clay with the fingers shape of the person or object tahat you are Pixel The smallest dot or mark that a computer can viewing from a particular spot. display on screen. Overlapping Placing one object in an artwork in Plan Drawing showing lines of an object from front of another, partially concealing the directly above on a flat plane without object behind. This technique is used to perspective. suggest depth. Pointillism An art style, also known as Neo- P Impressionism, that was developed in the last quarter of the nineteenth century by Georges Seurat. Seurat applied tiny, Package designer An artist who produces the uniform dots of pure color to his canvases. containers that attract the attention of Pop Art An art movement that focused attention on consumers. the commercial products of contemporary culture. Palette Any tray or plate on which paints are Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  8. 8. front. Portraits Visual representations of people. Renaissance A period of great cultural awakening Positive shape Shape or form in two or three- that began in Italy during the fourteenth dimensional art century. The word Renaissance means Pottery Objects made using ceramic techniques. rebirth. Potter’s Wheel A rotating wheel for making Rendering use of media to create a finished (throwing) pottery. artwork Presentation drawing Detailed sketches that show Rendering A process by which a vector-based the final project in perspective. image is converted to a bitmap. Principles of art Guidelines that govern the way Resolution The number of dots per square inch used artists organize the elements of art. to produce an image in printing or on a Printing plate A surface onto or into which the computer display screen. image to be printed is cut or carved. Rhythm A principle of art concerned with the Printmaking A process in which an inked image is repetition of an element to make a work transferred to a surface. seem active. Primary Colors that can not be mixed; red, yellow, Ribs A hand held tool made of hard material used blue to shape a pot when throwing, or smoothing Producer The person in charge of the business when handbuilding end of making a movie. Rigger Liner brush with thin, extremely long Proportion A principle of art concerned with the bristles; creates very fine lines. Ideal for way in which the parts of a work relate to signing name, tree branches or cat whiskers. each other and to the whole. Rococo An art style that used free and graceful movement, a playful application of line and R rich colors. Rolling Pin Used to make slabs in ceramics Radial Balance A type of balance in which objects Romanticism An art style that emphasized the or figures are spaced evenly around a central expression of feelings and emotions in point. drawings and paintings completed in a Real Texture Kind of texture that the viewer of an spontaneous manner. artwork can touch Roughs Sketches that indicated the general idea for Realism An art style that rejected both ideal or finished work, including the size, position, classical subjects and dramatic action in and relationship to images. favor of realistically rendered scenes of Round Brush Good for touching in or for more contemporary life. detailed work. Especially useful with Realist Artists that rejected subject matter that slightly thinner acrylic paints. glorified the past or romanticized the Rubbing Method of reproducing texture by placing present. They painted everyday events the a thin sheet of paper over an actual textured way these subjects really looked. surface and then rubbing the top of the Reflected Light Light reflected up from the paper with a crayon, pencil, or charcoal. supporting surface; must be darker than the halftone Registration Careful matching up of plates in Ss prints with more than one color. Sable Brush Soft hair paint brush Regular Shadow visible between the reflected light Saturation Brightness or dullness and the core shadow Scale The size of something as measured against a Relief printing A printmaking method in which standard reference, such as the human body. the image to be printed is raised from a Scanner An input device that copies a printed page background. or image into a computer’s memory Relief sculpture A type of sculpture in which Scraffito Scraping wet paint from canvas to reveal forms and figures project only from the lighter values Scratchboard Illustration board that can then be Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  9. 9. coated with ink. The image is then scratched Storyboards Illustrations describing a series of into the surface camera shots depicting the staging and Screen printing A printmaking technique in which a acting of the characters stencil with a design cut into it is placed over Studies Preliminary artworks, often done as a fabric screen. drawings. Sculpture The art of creating three-dimensional Stump Tightly rolled paper stick used for blending works. Style An artist's personal way of expressing Secondary Colors made by mixing two primaries ideas in a work. Serigraph A screen print that has been Subject The image viewers can easily identify in handmade by an artist. an artwork. Setup Group of objects arranged as a subject for Subtractive Produced by removing or taking drawing away from the original material. Shade Black added to color Surrealism An art style that tried to express the Shading The use of light and shadow to give a world of dreams and the subconscious feeling of depth. workings of the mind. Shape An element of art that refers to an area Symmetrical Balance Type of balance in which clearly set off by one or more of the other objects or figures are repeated in a mirror six visual elements of art. like fashion on each side of the central axis Shrinkage Contraction of the clay or glaze either Synthetic paints or brushes Manufactured with while drying or firing plastic binders. Simulated (visual) texture Kind of texture suggested or implied in an artwork Sketch A drawing done quickly in preparation for a finished artwork TT Sketchbook Pad of drawing paper used by artist to Tactile Appealing to the sense of touch record ideas and information for works of art Tapestry A weaving used as a wall hanging. and to practice drawing Tempera A painting medium in which pigment Slab building Hand-building process which mixed with egg yolk and water is applied involves forming flat, even thickness pieces with tiny brushstrokes. of clay and connecting them to form a vessel Temperature relationship between warm and cool Slip Clay mixture of ½ water ½ clay; acts as glue. colors Software A collection of electronic instructions that Texture The element of art that refers to how things directs the computer to carry out a specific feel, or look as though they might feel, if task touched. Solvent A liquid that controls the thickness of the Three Point Perspective A technique in which paint. objects in a drawing have three vanishing Space An element of art that refers to the points---two on the horizon and one above distance or area between, around, above, or below it. below, and within objects. Also a principle Throwing the method of making pottery on a of art that creates the illusion of three potter’s wheel by manipulating the clay dimensions in an artwork. while the wheel is rotating. Spattering Technique that speckles canvas with fine Thumbnail Sketch Small sketch drawn quickly to dots of color. record ideas and information for finished Station point The viewpoint from which you make drawings your first measurements when creating a Tint White added to a color drawing Tone Gray added to a color Still Life A group of nonmoving objects that are Translucent Light is able to pass through. subject matter for a work of art Triangle Tool which is placed along the top edge Stippling Creating dark values by using a dot of a T square to draw vertical lines or lines pattern. at 45 degree angles. Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class
  10. 10. Transparent Clear. Opposite of opaque. applied with a brush in a range of light and Two Point Perspective A technique for perspective dark values determined by the amount of that shows different sets of receding lines water added to the ink or paint. converging, or meeting, at different Wash Drawing Drawing made with a brush and vanishing points. mixtures of ink or paint thinned with water Watercolor Paints that consist of extremely fine, transparent pigments in a medium of water Uu or gum and are available in tubes or sectioned pans. They result in a transparent Underpainting wash or combination of washes that effect that distinguishes this medium from act as a guideline for the rest of the painting. other, more opaque paints. Unity The arrangement of elements and principles Weaving A craft in which strands of fiber are with media to create a feeling of interlocked to make cloth or objects. completeness. Web designers Artists who work with text and pictures to create Web sites. V Wedging preparing clay by mixing and de-airing. Cut clay diagonally and compress(slam) Value An element of art concerned with the pieces together lightness or darkness of a hue. Wet Media Media that come in a liquid state and Value Gradation Gradual change from dark to light are applied with brushes, pens, and other areas used to create the illusion of three drawing tools. Most wet media are dimensions on a two-dimensional surface. permanent and erasing is nearly impossible Vanishing points Imaginary points at the horizon Wet-into-wet color applied next to another that is where parallel lines meet still wet; blended by stroking them together Variety The principle of art concerned with where they meet. combining art elements with slight changes Wire Cutter Wire or 30lb fishing line, used to cut to increase visual interest. clay Vertical Axis Imaginary line dividing a figure in Wire Loop Tool used to shape and model clay; half vertically handle with loop or metal ribbon on one or Vignette Drawing in which the shapes often fade both ends gradually into the empty working area Woodcut print Print made from an inked wood around the edges of the drawing block Vine Charcoal Charcoal in its most natural state. It Word Balloons Outlined shapes, often oval or is made by heating vines until only the rounded squares, that contain a character’s charred, black sticks of carbon remain. dialogue or thought These thing carbon sticks are soft, lightweight, and extremely brittle. Visual Texture Suggested or implied texture Visual Vocabulary The elements and principles of art. W Ware term used to describe pottery or ceramic products Warm Colors Reds, oranges, and yellows; pop forward, excitement and energy, afternoons summers Wash term used to describe the medium made by thinning ink or paint with water. It is Mrs. Hurd’s Art Class