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Novel - background and description

Published in: Education
  • Read the informative promo of the novel “Indians in Pakistan” written by Vivek Pereira, which can be viewed at - This book is available on & at
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  1. 1. The present English wordderives from the Latin novellafor "new", "news", or "shortstory of something new”.
  2. 2. A novel is a fictionalpiece of prose usuallywritten in a narrative style.
  3. 3. Novelette Novella Novel
  4. 4. Lengthy fictional narrativeswritten in prose, 18th century• Decameron (1351-1353) - Giovanni Boccaccio’s• Le Morte d’Arthur (1469) - Thomas Malory• Don Quixote (1605-1615) - by Miguel de Cervantes of Spain.
  5. 5. Pamela, or VirtueRewarded (1740-1742) -Samuel Richardson’s
  6. 6. • Clarissa (1748) Richardson’s• Henry Fielding’s Joseph Andrews (1742)• Tom Jones (1749)• Tobias Smollett’s Roderick Random (1748)• Humphry Clinker (1771)• Laurence Sterne’s Tristram Shandy (1760-1767)• Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility (1811)• Pride and Prejudice (1813)
  7. 7. We have the strict definition of amodern novel: a lengthy fictionalnarrative, written in prose,presenting a realistic picture ofbelievable characters and events.
  8. 8. Freytags Pyramid
  9. 9. Interpretation of lifeEntertainment
  10. 10. PropagandaReportage
  11. 11. Agent of change inlanguage and thought Expression of the spirit of its age
  12. 12. Creator of life-styleand arbiter of taste
  13. 13. What the writer says directlyis totally different than theconveyed meaning at the end.This is divided into two kinds,scilicet: Political and Historical.
  14. 14. About people caught in situationswhich draw out their own absurditiesCan be cruel and have an overallpessimistic view of lifeLife is exposed as bizarre andirrationalCharacters are self-obsessed
  15. 15. Collection of letters ormails to and from people
  16. 16. Written by female writersDescribes the place ofwomen in a male dominatedsociety
  17. 17. Combination of horror andromanceUtopian but the point about thefantastical world is not to seekperfection but to show the fallacyof seeking perfection
  18. 18. Events are bizarre,supernatural, and mythical.
  19. 19. Based on the truths of ordinary society and its problems
  20. 20. Focused on loveand relationshiptopics
  21. 21. Opposite of romanceInvolves ideals, themes, andprinciples which refuseprejudices of the society
  22. 22. Criticizes the contemporary society
  23. 23. Literary methods, literary devices, orliterary motif is the means authors use tocreate meaning through language, and thatreaders use to understand and appreciatetheir works.
  24. 24. Story that precedes events in the storybeing told—past events or background thatadd meaning to current circumstances
  25. 25. General term for altering timesequences, taking characters back to thebeginning of the tale, for instance
  26. 26. Also called prolepsis, an interjected scenethat temporarily jumps the narrative forward intime. Flashforwards often represent eventsexpected, projected, or imagined to occur in thefuture. They may also reveal significant parts of thestory that have not yet occurred, but soon will ingreater detail.
  27. 27. Hinting of events to occur later
  28. 28. Unexpected change ("twist") inthe direction or expected outcome ofthe plot.
  29. 29. Virtue ultimately rewarded, orvice punished, by an ironic twist offate related to the characters ownconduct.
  30. 30. Prediction that, by being made, makesitself come true. Example: Legend ofOedipus.
  31. 31. Background narrative that explains theworld of the main story. Examples includeMahabharata, Ramayana, Gundam, DoctorWho and The Matrix.