Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Asperger S Presentation

2,833 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Asperger S Presentation

  1. 1. Laura Debenham Asperger’s Syndrome
  2. 2. "People with autism spend more time doing things they are not good at than anyone else." Toni Atwood
  3. 3. Definition Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) is a developmental disability that is defined by impairments in social relationships, verbal and nonverbal communication, and by restrictive, repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests, and activities.
  4. 4. Background  Identified in 1944 by Hans Asperger. (Austria)  Brought to the attention of the English-speaking world in 1980 by Dr. Lorna Wing.  Was not added to the Diagnostic and Statistics Manual of the American Psychiatric Association until 1994.  “Autism’s Shadow”
  5. 5. Causes  There seems to be a hereditary component  Environmental factors that affect brain development might play a role Not caused by:  Emotional deprivation  Bad parenting
  6. 6. Incidence Rates  48 out every 10,000 children (Kadesjo, Gillberg, & Nagberg, 1999)
  7. 7. Increasing Prevalence  Autism, strictly defined – 4-6 in 10,000 prior to 1980’s (Lotter 1967) – 16-20 in 10,000 today (Chakrabarti & Fombonne 2001)  Autism spectrum disorders – 10 in 10,000 in 1990’s (Bryson et al 1988) – 60-70 in 10,000 today (Chakrabarti & Fombonne 2001)
  8. 8. Famous Aspies...  • Albert Einstein  • Henry Ford  • Thomas Edison  • Thomas Jefferson  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  • Isaac Newton  • Henry Thoreau  • Mark Twain  • Vincent Van Gogh  • John Denver  • Alfred Hitchcock  • Howard Hughes
  9. 9.  Andy Warhol  Woody Allen  Bill Gates  Al Gore  John Nash  Keanu Reeves  Alex P. Keaton  Cliff Clavin from Cheers  Lisa Simpson and Moe from Mo's tavern  Mr Bean  Steve Urkel  Calvin of Calvin and Hobbes  Frankenstein's Monster  Ludwig van Beethoven  Andy Warhol  Woody Allen  Bill Gates  Al Gore  John Nash  Keanu Reeves  Alex P. Keaton  Cliff Clavin from Cheers  Lisa Simpson and Moe from Mo's tavern  Mr Bean  Steve Urkel  Calvin of Calvin and Hobbes  Frankenstein's Monster  Ludwig van Beethoven  Andy Warhol  Woody Allen  Bill Gates  Al Gore  John Nash  Keanu Reeves  Alex P. Keaton  Cliff Clavin from Cheers  Lisa Simpson and Moe from Mo's tavern  Mr Bean  Steve Urkel  Calvin of Calvin and Hobbes  Frankenstein's Monster  Ludwig van Beethoven  Andy Warhol  Woody Allen  Bill Gates  Al Gore  John Nash  Keanu Reeves  Alex P. Keaton  Cliff Clavin from Cheers  Lisa Simpson and Moe from Mo's tavern  Mr Bean  Steve Urkel  Calvin of Calvin and Hobbes  Frankenstein's Monster  Ludwig van Beethoven
  10. 10. Think S P E N C E R  S Sensory Sensitivities  P Pragmatic Language Skills Impaired  E Emotional Connection  N Narrow Interest Range  C Clumsiness with Motor Skills  E Environment that is Predictable  R Rigidity of Thought
  11. 11. S Sensory Sensitivities  Don't excuse it or make the child feel bad about feeling bad  Intense or under reactive to a sensation  Clothing  Slight bump by another  Florescent lights  Hug = squeeze
  12. 12. P Pragmatic Skills Impaired  They see language as a way to share information  They want to receive information correctly, sussincly and without emotion.  May use diologue from pop culture to communicate  They have a profound interest in words.  Challenge him to memorize  Provide music, theater and nonfiction books
  13. 13. E Emotional Connection Impaired  He was not born with the “sixth” sense.  Since you cannot teach him to emote, appeal to other senses.  Conversation turn-taking  Perspective taking  They can be overly dependent on care-giver  Point out how he slips up  Explain what others are doing socially
  14. 14. Alyson Bradley's self-portrait, Full Circle, representing some of her feelings about living with Asperger's Syndrome.
  15. 15. N Narrow Interest Range  Few interests but they dominate  Special interest  Encourage reading  Use his special interest to teach social skills  An enriched environment will encourage broadening of the interest range  Protect him. Be aware of the special dangers of early sexuality.
  16. 16. C Clumsy Motor Skills  Let the schedule work for you  Encourage trying new things
  17. 17. E Environment Predictability  Importance of structure and routine  Talk about changes way before they happen so he can plan.  If you have to be spontaneous, communicate to him the reasons so he can have some control.
  18. 18. R Rigidity of Thought  Mindblindedness – inability to determine what others are thinking.  They tend to take things literally.  Need for time alone to reconstruct social interactions.
  19. 19. Instructional Ideas  Be careful in classroom seating assignments  Use the “peer buddy” system  Avoid self-selection in group work  Carefully consider the maturity of the group members involved  Provide “safe haven” or quiet area  Explain metaphor and sarcasm use concretely  Use “social stories” for providing directions  Vigorously but respectfully maintain class rules and other boundaries
  20. 20. Other treatments  Parent education and training  Social skills training  Language therapy  Sensory integration training for younger children, usually performed by an occupational therapist, in which a child is desensitized to stimuli to which he is overly sensitive  Psychotherapy or behavioral/cognitive therapy for older children
  21. 21. Technology  Visuals  Graphics  Models, manipulatives  Computers  The Internet
  22. 22. Resources continued Hoopmann Kathy (1998). All Cats Have Asperger Syndrome, 2006 Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  23. 23. Resources continued Sohn, A. (1998). Parenting Your Asperger Child: Individualized Solutions for Teaching Your Child Practical Skills. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, Ltd.
  24. 24. Resources continued Attwood, T. (1998). Asperger’s Syndrome:A guide for parents and professionals. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, Ltd.

×