Spwd jharkhand


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Spwd jharkhand

  1. 1. System of Rice Intensification Achievements and Challenges (Jharkhand &Western part of West Bengal) By Society for Promotion of Wastelands Development14-A, Rouse Avenue lane, Near ITO, New Delhi-110002, www.spwd.org 1
  2. 2. Highlights• Presence & Coverage• Journey till now• Status of 2011 work• Strategies adopted• Policy Initiative• SRI in other crops• Convergence• Issues 2
  3. 3. Presence & Coverage• SPWD is Promoting SRI since 2005 with SDTT Support• Initiated in two tribal village of Orissa (Mayurbhanj district) in 2005• Expanded its presence from 2008 in Jharkhand & West Bengal• Coverage has increased from 1600 to 34000 farmers (area from 641 acres to 12000 acres) 3
  4. 4. Journey till nowYear No of Farmers Area (acres) Increase in paddy (Household) productivity (average in %age)2005 15 3 602008 1664 647 542009 (Kharif) 4116 1763.6 802009 (Garma) 1123 419 732009 (Wheat) 1122 270 682010 (Kharif) 6500 2900 832011 (Kharif) 33500 12000 85 4
  5. 5. PartnersSupport Partners (Nos.) Coverage (Nos. of Farmers)SDTT 10 (+10) , 2 partners have 5 partners 20000 (including 5100 each new)NABARD 18 10500IFP (UNDP) 01 (+04) 2000NFSM 01 1900Caritas India 08 2000(Jharkhand) 5
  6. 6. Status of 2011• Satisfactory rainfall• Group nursery is common feature in several places• 34000 farmers and 12000 acres• Production range ( 4.5 to 6 ton /ha)• Farmers have practiced green manuring• Traditional seeds were used in few pockets• Seed preservation is being practiced in large 6
  7. 7. Strategies adopted in 2011• Farmers training also had coping mechanisms incorporated alongwith training on SRI• Combined seed treatment and nursery raising• More focus on farmers own seed, certified seeds• Preparation for 2nd and 3rd stage nurseries• Availability of seeds were ensured for 2nd and 3rd stage of nurseries• Repeat farmers was kept in loop to expand the area and to use as a resource person for others• Farmers’ exposures in Rabi season SRI & SWI has helped• Government’s NFSM & ATMA run FS & FFS was used in few locations which is beneficial• Aromatic rice verity was taken up to increase the farmers’ income• Progressive farmers meets were held to appreciate and expand through discussions on achievements and problems 7
  8. 8. Policy Initiatives• Regularly invited by State government in SRI promotion policy framing• Empanelled SPWD and partners throughout the state for promotion of SRI.• Farmers School and Farmers’ Field Schools were given in Ranchi district exclusively on SRI principals promotion for the crops like paddy, wheat and pulses• State Agriculture policy is in draft stage which talks about SRI as a tool for increase in food production.• Incentives announced by GoJ for farmers done SRI lists were submitted to respective district agriculture department• The farmers list for SWI practices is also being demanded by DAO as they know want to provide incentive to SRI principals in other crop• Incorporated small irrigation structures like dobha, wells for paddy and other crops irrigation is incorporated in State agriculture policy 8
  9. 9. SRI principals in other crops• SWI 9
  10. 10. Convergence• Resource agency for 18 SRI partners of NABARD• NFSM and ATMA programmes to promote SRI was successfully mobilised• GoJ has initiated a programme to extend SRI to 1.6 lakh Ha in 2011 kharif.• SPWD has successfully inbuilt SRI as an important component promoted the UNDP supported project ‘Biodiversity Conservation and livelihood promotion through Community based Natural resource management programme’ which is reaching around 25000 HH in 50 villages of ecofrazile regions of the state. As SPWD is one of the project partner so this partners forum is used successfully to promote SRI and its principals in others crops among project beneficiaries. 10
  11. 11. Issues• Irrigation• Soil health (acidity); Organic matter availability• Government’s SRI promotional strategy ( Only incentive based…? That is very low Rs 1000/acre)• Weeder availability at local level• Lack of model approach to promote SRI (successful and appreciated NABARD model, SDTT supported nodal organisation model)• Price for paddy (MSP) 11
  12. 12. Rays of Hope (for up-scaling)• NFSM programmes will have more focus on SRI and use of its techniques in other crops• FFS & FS will have more focus around SRI• Incentive for farmers and NGOs for SRI promotion will be reviewed by state government• NRLM under its Mahila Kissan Sasaktikaran pariyojana also plans to promote SRI 12