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1507 - Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa - A Success Story


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Speakers: Gaoussou Traore and Erika Styger
Title: Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa - A Success Story
Date: September 15, 2015
Venue: SRI-Rice Seminar Series, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

Published in: Technology
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1507 - Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa - A Success Story

  1. 1. Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa Dr. Gaoussou Traoré and Dr. Erika Styger Centre National de Spécialisation sur le Riz, IER Mali, and SRI-Rice, Cornell University A Success Story
  2. 2. Outline • Context • Presentation of Project • Institutional set up • Technical approach • Country success stories • Wider impact • Difficulties • Way forward
  3. 3. Rice production in Sub-Saharan Africa 64% 32% 3% 1% West Africa Eastern Africa Central Africa Southern Africa Each dot represents 20,000 tons Data: FAO Rice production 2006 64% of rice is produced in West Africa Nigeria, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali Ref: Warda (2008) Africa rice trends 2007
  4. 4. Rice production, consumption and deficit in West Africa between 2010 and 2018 Regional Policy: ECOWAS Rice Offensive (2012) to double rice production in the region by 2018
  5. 5. Rice production basins in West Africa Bulletin club du sahel-AO: Enjeu Ouest Africain N°2 Juin 2011 Rice system Surface area % Contribution to production % Yields (t/ha) Irrigated 12-14 38 5 -6 Lowland rainfed 31 24 1 – 2.5 Upland rainfed 44 21 1
  6. 6. Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa • Regional commissioned project to increase rice productivity in 13 ECOWAS countries • Project developed through participatory process over 1.5 years with representatives from research, extension, farmers from 13 countries – First workshop in Ouagadougou, July 2012 – Launching of project in Saly, Senegal, July 2013 – First technical workshop, Porto Novo, Benin, February 2014
  7. 7. Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa • Part of the West Africa Agriculture Productivity Program (WAAPP) • Funded by the World Bank • Under the political umbrella of ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States) • Technically steered by Central and West African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF/WECARD) • Regional coordination for implementation: – Institute Economie Rural (IER) National Center for Specialization on Rice (CNS-Rice), Mali; – SRI-Rice Center from Cornell University is principal technical partner • Each country has its own implementation plan and funding for implementation
  8. 8. Objectives of the SRI WAAPP Project General objective: • Food security improved Specific objective: • Rice productivity and competitiveness improved in targeted areas
  9. 9. Objectives and expected results Results 1. Human and institutional capacities of stakeholders in the SRI value chain in West Africa strengthened 2. Appropriate innovations (equipment and/or best practices) for SRI developed, scaled up, and adopted in West Africa 3. SRI stakeholders’ demand for knowledge and decision-making options facilitated and met 4. Efficient mechanisms and tools of coordination, management and M&E of the project established
  10. 10. Local National WAAPPs Regional Coordinating Unit (CNS-Riz, Mali) SRI Farmers and Other Actors of the Rice Value Chain Innovation Platforms National Focal Points (13 countries) Technical Partners and Beneficiaries Regional& International Champions and Technicians Cornell SRI- Center& others SRI Project Implementing Entities Level National WAAPPs CORAF/WECARD / Regional WAAPP Funding and Institutional Partners Facilitation Facilitation Institutional Arrangements NationalLocal National WAAPPs
  11. 11. • National WAAPP coordination • National Facilitator, housed at the SRI-WAAPP Focal Institution • SRI Champions (can be anyone: farmers, technicians etc) SRI-WAAPP organizational structure (NY, USA) CORAF CNS-Riz Funded by the World Bank
  12. 12. Institutional set up and implementation (5-10 per country) • National WAAPP program • National research institute • Ministry of agriculture • National NGOs • Farmer organizations • Bilateral projects (USAID, JICA) • International NGOs • Private sector companies • Peace Corps • Others
  13. 13. Technical approach Samuel Bimba, with his SRI field in Liberia, 2014
  14. 14. Climatic and agro-ecological zones of the project Arid < 75 d Semi-arid 75-180 d Semi-humid 180-270 d Humid > 270 d Growing period Climate
  15. 15. Major rice cropping systems Source AfricaRice, 2010
  16. 16. System of Rice Intensification A. Early and healthy plant establishment C. Build fertile soils rich in organic matter and soil biota D. Mange water carefully, avoid flooding &water stress  Soil preparation  Seed treatment/pre- germination  Raised bed nursery  Transplanting: • At 2 leave stage, 8- 12 days old - or -  Direct seeding: • Precision seeding (at 1 or 2 plants/hill) Reduce plant density  1 plant/hill - and -  Increase spacing between plants (25cm x 25cm or more), planted in a grid  Mechanical weeding  Fertilize with organic matter and add chemical fertilizer if needed: • Manure/compost • Cover crop / green manure • Crop residues  Incorporate OM or combine SRI with Conservation Agriculture  Land preparation: Leveling, bunding, application or organic matter  Non flooded conditions during the vegetative period Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) – or - Bunding, additional irrigation or drainage Principles SRI Practices Indicative and to adapt Methodology Conceptual Framework B. Minimize competition between plants (Styger and Jenkins, 2014)
  17. 17. System of Rice Intensification A. Early and healthy plant establishment C. Build fertile soils rich in organic matter and soil biota D. Mange water carefully, avoid flooding &water stress Principles SRI Practices Methodology Conceptual Framework B. Minimize competition between plants SRI practices Climate: Arid - Semi-arid - Semi-humid - Humid Irrigated system SRI practices SRI practices SRI practices Upland system Lowland system Other systems, e.g. mangrove, deep-water rice etc
  18. 18. General SRI-WAAPP Manual Adapted manuals for technicians and farmers Year 1 Adapted manuals by climate zone and rice cropping system Year 2 and 3
  19. 19. - M&E system tracking - Field technicians and farmers contribute to data collection - Information instantly and publicly available - Collaborate with CU CALS Institute for Resource Information Sciences (IRIS) and Esri using ArcGIS online and Survey 123 app Launched in June 2015 Data collection Online data collection and mapping platform
  20. 20. SRI Activities 2014: training and field sites Improving and Scaling up SRI in West Africa
  21. 21. Communications
  22. 22. Project websites:Newsletter Innovation Notes Advocacy Notes (in PDF and print) Closed Facebook group, WhatsApp group SRI-WAAPP Regional Communication
  23. 23. SRI In West Africa since 2001 • Benin 2001: 1 farmer, Echo intern: SRI 7.5t/ha • The Gambia 2002-2005: Research with farmers: SRI 5.4- 8.3 t/ha • Guinea 2003: Chinese research with hybrids: 9 t/ha • Senegal 2003-2009: Rodale Institute; Dissertation with WARDA • Sierra Leone 2004: World vision, USAID, CRS:: SRI 5.3t/ha vs 2.5t/ha • Burkina 2006: 6 farmers: SRI 7t/ha vs 3.5t/ha • Mali: 2007-2012 : 3 projects, 6 regions, > 1000 farmers • Since 2010: regional trainings by Mali projects in Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, Benin, Togo
  24. 24. Summary Results from the Region 2014 • 630 technicians and 8600 farmers trained • Average yields: – Irrigated systems: 13 countries (100 %) • Conv 4.0 t/ha - SRI 6.4 t/ha +60% – Lowland rainfed: 8 countries • Conv 2.0 t/ha – 3.3 t/ha (Mali) +65% – Upland rainfed: 6 countries • Conv 1.2 t/ha – 2 t/ha (Mali) +67% – Mangrove system: 1 country • Number of SRI farmers: estimated ca 15,000 (10,000 in Mali) • SRI area (ha): estimated 7000 ha
  25. 25. First SRI plot in Liberia, Dec 2012 by Community of Hope Agriculture Project (CHAP) Paynesville, Monrovia First SRI test by Robert Bimba President Ellen Johnson SIRLEAF opens a SRI field day, 2014 Paynesville, Monrovia Liberia
  26. 26. SRI WAAPP Sites in all rice ecologies Consortium of four partners: • ICAT: Ministry of Agriculture: National facilitator • ITRA: national research institution • National NGO Graphe • National NGO ETD SRI started in Togo in 2011 by Graphe • working in 4 villages Before 2015: 815 farmers trained June 2015: 1502 farmers trained in 60 villages through the Consortium
  27. 27. SRI-WAAPP • Focused project target zone: Fatick, Kaolack and Kaffrine regions – rainfed rice • 5,163 farmers to be trained in 2015 • Exchange visits to PRODAM in Sep 2015 • Trainings in Casamance and SRI-WAAPP target zone in Feb / Mar 2015 Senegal PRODAM Casamance SRI-WAAPP • SRI activities since 2002 • PRODAM – Large irrigated IFAD project in NE; increasing to 2,000 hectares in 2015/16; yields 10-13 t/ha SRI, vs. 5.5- 6 conv. • Peace Corps • Cornell MPS students • Limited trials in Casamance
  28. 28. Mechanization
  29. 29. Wider and long-term impact • UEOMA: SRI to be included in the regional Rice Action Plan • SRI to be included in the national rice strategy in Liberia, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, Ghana and Mali • Network of Farmers' and Agricultural Producers' Organizations of West Africa for rice (ROPPA): committed to actively scale up SRI in West Africa
  30. 30. Difficulties • Data collection and reporting • Multi-institutional collaboration within countries • Timely disbursement of funding for field activities • Demand for SRI surpasses current capacity and funding
  31. 31. Way forward • Reinforce program activities with a second phase of the project • Diversify technical and financial partnerships • Integrate SRI into national multi-actor innovation rice platforms • Participate in International SRI Community activities
  32. 32. Thank You!