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Digital Content Frustration


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presentation at Internet Librarian 2011 Conference, Monterey

Published in: Technology

Digital Content Frustration

  1. 1. Digital Content Frustration: Copyright, Licensing, & DRM <ul><li>Sarah Houghton (@TheLiB) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Director, San Rafael Public Library </li></ul>
  2. 5. ©  licensing  drm
  3. 6. </stupidlicensing>
  4. 7. <ul><li>eBooks & eAudioBooks </li></ul><ul><li>eMusic </li></ul><ul><li>eVideo </li></ul>Media Types
  5. 8. Digital Rights Management Corporate Terms of Service Copyright Law
  6. 9. <ul><ul><ul><li>Library can’t make multiple copies or make derivative works. 17 U.S.C. Sect. 106 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(except for copies for preservation, replacement, and to fulfill user requests, per exceptions in 17 U.S.C. Sect. 108 )   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright Penalties: $750-$30,000 per title.  $150,000 if willful infringement is shown.  17 U.S.C. Sect. 504(c). </li></ul></ul></ul>Copyright Law (US Code)
  7. 10. <ul><ul><ul><li>The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) makes it a criminal offense to circumvent technological protection measures that protect copyrighted content. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DMCA Penalties: First time offenders may be fined up to $500,000, imprisoned for five years or both. 17 US.C. Sect. 1204 . </li></ul></ul></ul>Digital Millennium Copyright Act
  8. 11. So what happens when you’re leasing, not buying?
  9. 12. <ul><li>Most library vendors only lease digital content. </li></ul><ul><li>Few sell digital content outright. </li></ul><ul><li>KNOW THE DIFFERENCE! </li></ul>Licensing vs. Owning
  10. 13. Union Librarian
  11. 14. <ul><li>Overdrive’s marketing materials & sales staff use words like buy , purchase , and sale </li></ul><ul><li>Overdrive’s contracts use words like license and subscribe </li></ul><ul><li>GO KANSAS STATE LIBRARY! </li></ul>The Overdrive Case
  12. 16. <ul><li>Terms of Service legally *override* copyright law. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies can make them say whatever they want. </li></ul><ul><li>Few people ever read them. </li></ul>Terms of Service/Use
  13. 17. <ul><li>Your use of the site does not transfer to you any ownership or other rights in the site or its content. The site may not be copied, reproduced, republished, uploaded, transmitted, modified, indexed, catalogued, mirrored or distributed in any way, in whole or in part, without the express prior written consent of SBO. </li></ul>Safari
  14. 18. <ul><li>OverDrive grants you a limited, revocable, non-exclusive, non-transferable license to access and make personal non-commercial use of licensed materials... </li></ul>Overdrive
  15. 19. <ul><li>Unless specifically indicated otherwise, you may not sell, rent, lease, distribute, broadcast, sublicense, or otherwise assign any rights to the Digital Content or any portion of it to any third party... </li></ul>Kindle
  16. 20. <ul><li>You are granted a limited, non-exclusive, revocable license to make personal non-commercial use of the Spotify Software Application...and the Spotify Service and to receive by stream...the media content made available through the Spotify Service in the United States. You do not have a right to transfer or sublicense your rights under this Agreement. </li></ul>Spotify
  17. 21. <ul><li>The use of the Netflix service, including movies &TV shows made available to you by us, is solely for your personal and non-commercial use. </li></ul><ul><li>You also agree not to .... conduct yourself in a vulgar or offensive manner while using the Netflix service... </li></ul>Netflix
  18. 25. the law didn’t change
  19. 27. Kindle Hacking Jail-break it Change display options Game on it Remove DRM from eBooks * links @
  20. 30. <ul><li>Doctorow’s First Law </li></ul><ul><li>Any time someone puts a lock on something that belongs to you, and won’t give you a key, they’re not doing it for your benefit. </li></ul>
  21. 31. <ul><li>DRM doesn’t prevent piracy </li></ul>
  22. 32. <ul><li>DRM is discriminatory </li></ul>
  23. 33. <ul><li>DRM increases costs </li></ul>
  24. 34. <ul><li>DRM endangers preservation </li></ul>
  25. 35. <ul><li>DRM is anti-consumer and anti-library </li></ul>
  26. 36. <ul><li>Say no to publishers that take advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Say no to content with DRM </li></ul>(re)creating content
  27. 37. <ul><li>Say yes to DRM-free content </li></ul><ul><li>Say yes to cataloging CC-licensed content </li></ul><ul><li>Say yes to community-created content </li></ul>(re)creating content
  28. 40. Streaming Services
  29. 44. Jessamyn West
  30. 47. <librarianpower>
  31. 48. +Sarah Houghton [email_address] @thelib