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Weber DRM What Should The Model Be MIT 11 26 07

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DRM / Digital Rights Presentation at MIT 11-26-07
http://www.mitforumcambridge.org/DigMediaSIG.html

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Weber DRM What Should The Model Be MIT 11 26 07

  1. 1. ManagingRights.com The DRM Debate - What Should the Model Be? MIT Enterprise Forum-Digital Media & Telecommunications SIG Monday, November 26, 2007 http://www.mitforumcambridge.org/DigMediaSIG.html Robert P. Weber ManagingRights.com and Managing Director, Strategy Kinetics, LLC Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. May be freely distributed without modification. Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com
  2. 2. ManagingRights.com Tonight’s Issues: DRM: To Be Or Not To Be, That Is The Question • Who owns the quot;rightsquot; to digital media? • What ownership rights model provides good value to the consumer and also maximizes the return to the original creator? • What group should be responsible for defining and monitoring digital rights guidelines? • Should any government groups be involved in the debate? • What technological approach should be used for digital rights management? Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 2
  3. 3. ManagingRights.com DRM Debate Presently Framed (Mostly) As: • Are intangibles property? – NO, some say loudly and insistently • First sale rule: – I bought it, I can do what I want with it • The Sony Betamax (court ruling) approach – I can make copies at home for my own personal use • DRM negates copyright “Fair Use” • DMCA prohibitions against reverse engineering adversely affect interests of engineers, scientists Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 3
  4. 4. ManagingRights.com Who Owns The quot;Rightsquot; To Digital Media? • Depends on: – Distribution model from creator to consumer, e.g., • Artist direct? Aggregator direct? Studio direct / through distributors? – Business model considerations, e.g., • Is the music the main revenue generator or concerts, merchandise? • Labels tend not to share in the non-music revenue streams – Statutory requirements – compulsory licensing • Music streaming on the Web – Contractual models up and down the value chain • Has contract law displaced copyright law? Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 4
  5. 5. ManagingRights.com Evolving Ownership Models • Some experiments now being tried – DRM-free music • Jobs / Apple / iTunes: DRM-free because it’s right or to shift blame to studios and to avoid the anti-trust quicksand – Market statistics: • Consumers prefer DRM-free – Well, Duh! • Consumers prefer no cost – D’oh! – Artist-mandated free or voluntary payments • E.g., Radiohead However: none of this addresses the fundamental issues Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 5
  6. 6. ManagingRights.com Which Government Groups Should Be Involved? • NONE! – but they will be involved • Philosophically, government is supposed to arbitrate disputes among private parties • But the combatants do not have equal access to government • Predictably unfair and unbalanced results, e.g., – RIAA & MPAA attack on EDU tying government money to schools policing copyright (P2P) Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 6
  7. 7. ManagingRights.com Technological Approaches? • The record business is a lost cause – Armageddon* is here and will persist • Broadband, high quality compression, and inexpensive storage • Video is the battleground for the foreseeable future – DRM / fingerprinting / watermarking / content tracking technologies – Market forces will determine the outcome However: the KEY problem is too little, rather than too much DRM *Albhy Galuten, Universal Music Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 7
  8. 8. ManagingRights.com Make The Means Of Protection Widely Available • Packaging tools now controlled by large companies – Media companies object to packagers for everyone – Large software companies view media as important constituencies / customers • DRM providers could be the “arms merchants to the disintermediation wars”* • Creators could then: – Go direct to consumers – Get paid for their works, if they so choose – Find out whether anyone is looking at, playing, otherwise using their works, if they so choose * Crigler & Weber Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 8
  9. 9. ManagingRights.com With The Means Of Protection Widely Available: • Creators of all kinds would have more choice – Let a bazillion cottage industries bloom – Efficient, backend clearinghouses a requirement – Better micropayment technologies may be helpful • Minimum transaction efficiently cleared: 25 cents 5 cents???? • Local stored value if real Trusted Computing were deployed – In the consumer space, many privacy advocates hate the idea • Need to create platforms enabling true superdistribution – Consumers become distributors and benefit economically Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 9
  10. 10. ManagingRights.com Conclusion Democratize the Means of Protection Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 10
  11. 11. ManagingRights.com Contact Information Robert P. Weber ManagingRights.com and Managing Director, Strategy Kinetics, LLC Mobile: +1-617-308-3336 Fax: +1-617-812-0443 Skype: BobWeberBOS Weber@StrategyKinetics.com www.managingrights.com Copyright © 2007 Strategy Kinetics, LLC. Bob Weber, Weber@StrategyKinetics.com 11

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