Tracking Student ProgressIntroducing teachers to different waysthey can keep track of student progressthrough grading and the gradebook.● The Grader Report● Grade Categories● Scales● Aggregation of Grades● Letter Grades● Advanced Grading with Rubrics
The Grader ReportThe grader report is the main gradebook. Under Course Administration...Grades, it shows all gradeable items for all enrolled students.
Grader report continuedClick on a blank area in the cell containing a student name, and it will highlightthat row. Do the same in a cell containing the name of an assessment item,and that column is highlighted.The grader report can be sorted by any column, eg alphabetically by surname,or first to last in the results of a, quiz or overall results.
Grade CategoriesYou can create grade categories to keep track of student grades for particularparts of the course (eg topic 1, topic 2), or perhaps for different assessmentmethods (eg quizzes, assignments etc).Add a category by going to the Gradebook and then:Click Categories and Items (Simple View)At the bottom of the screen click Add category
Move items into categoriesOnce you have created your categories, you can move items into thecategories by clicking the check box in the Select column, thenat the bottom of the screen use the "Move Selected Items to" control.Then Save your changes.Go back to View (Grader Report) and see your changes.
Custom ScalesYou may want to grade your student using custom scales rather than thedefault numeric grades. For example A-E, Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory,Competent/Not Yet Competent,High Distinction - Gross Fail, etc.You can create these custom scales as a teacher within your course, or if thesame scales are required site-wide, an administrator can add them as standardscales.To add a custom scalesas a teacher, go to the Gradebook, then:Click Scales (View), then at the bottom of the page, clickAdd the details of the scale, separating with commas. Important - put the lowestitem on the scale first, and move up the the highest - this affects aggregation.Save changes.
Using Custom ScalesYour custom scales will now be available when you add a new gradeable item,eg an assignment:
Grade AggregationGrade Aggregation means how grades are totalled eg how are the CourseTotals worked out. It is very flexible and can be quite complex. For thisintroductory presentation well be examining the more simple level - thecommon aggregation methods.
Simple Weighted MeanSimple weighted mean is the default method. It assigns weights to eachgradeable item based on the scale being used eg an assignment out of 100marks gets a weighting of 100 and a quiz out of 10 gets a weighting of 10. Anassignment on an E to A scale gets a weighting of 5, but an E- to A+ scale getsa weighting of 15. I would suggest being very careful in when using thismethod eg if a student gets 100% on a quiz which is out of 100, but an E fortheir major assignment (on an E to A scale), then their course total could be96%! This may not be what the teacher intended.
Mean of gradesThe Mean of Grades method simply adds up all of the grades and divides bythe number of gradeable items. There are no weightings attached.Eg Pam Appleton has 100% on a quiz out of 100, and an E on an assignmenton an E to A scale. First the grades are normalised to a number between 0 and1. So the quiz become 1 and the assignment grade (E) becomes 0. Thesewould be added together and divided by two. Result: 1+0=1, 1 divided by 2 = .5 or 50%.
Weighted Mean of GradesUsing the Weighted Mean of Grades we can assign a weighting to ourgradeable items. By default, a weighting of 1 is assigned to each gradeableitem. This weighting is the same as the Mean of Grades method. However wecan now adjust the weightings to reflect the importance of particular items, eg ifwe leave our Quiz weighting as 1, and change our assignment to 3, the Quizresult will make up one quarter of the grade, and the assignment will accountfor the other three quarters.Now we can see how this affects Pams grade with the E for the assignment:
Letter GradesGrades can be displayed as letters by going into Categories and Items click toEdit the particular item, and change its Grade Display Type to Letter.You can change them all at once by going to Settings, and changing the GradeDisplay Type.
Editing the Letter GradesWe have seen how to change the grade display to letters, but how do wecontrol which letters come up for which grades (ie the cutoffs?).In the Gradebook, go to Letters...Edit.Tick Override Site Defaults. Now you can set you cutoffs as you want them.(note that a Site Administrator can set the site defaults for letter grades)At the bottom you will see some spacesfor grade letters that are not required.Set these to Unused.
Advanced Grading withRubricsOne of Moodle’s newer features is the ability to use a rubric (ie an online criteria sheet) to grade an assignment. Many teachersfind this feature much more useful than just being able to give a single mark, or an achievement level defined by a scale (eg A+ toE-).To create an assignment with a rubric:1. Create the assignment in the usual way.2. Under Grading Method, choose Rubric.3. At the bottom of the screen, click Save and Display.4. Click Define New Grading Form from Scratch.5. Complete the Name and Description.
Rubrics ContinuedEdit the rubric as required – see example belowCheck the options at the bottom, save your rubric.Once your students have submitted their assignment, you will be able to usethe rubric for grading.
Grading with the Rubric1. Go to your assignment, and click View/grade all submissions.2. Go to the student that you want to grade, and click the ‘Grade’ button (in the Grade column).3. Scroll down to your rubric, and click the descriptors that you want to choose for each criteria as shown below:4. You may enter feedback for each criteria (if you selected that option when you set it up).5. Add any overall feedback, then click Save (or Save and show next to show the next student).You may now go to Settings…Course Administration…Grades to view the Grader report (and the User Report) to see how thegrades are recorded and displayed.You will find that it will normally be scaled to a percentage (eg if the student is awarded 2,2 and 2 for the three criteria, they get 6out of a possible 12 points which is 50%). This can also be displayed as a letter – see the previous instruction titled “Making aQuiz show Letter Grades in the Gradebook” – the same procedure applies
ReferencesYou can work out a lot of this by experimenting and playing with Moodle - setyourself up a sandpit course and add some dummy students. Apart from that,here are some good starting points:Moodle 2.4 Docs - Gradebook - lots of other great references on Moodle docsbut this is a good place to start.Moodle Gradebook by Rebecca Barrington - I have found this to be an excellent, thorough and wellwritten reference on the gradebook.