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Dramatic Modes: Tragedy & Comedy (ch. 35)


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Dramatic Modes: Tragedy & Comedy (ch. 35)

  1. 1. Freytag ’s Pyramid for “Ryan”
  2. 3. T R A G E D Y (1133-35) <ul><li>One of oldest literary genres </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy vs. tragedy </li></ul><ul><li>Hamartia , or tragic flaw (Aristotle) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Great souls suffering greatly” (1556) </li></ul><ul><li>Tragic hero experiences reversal of fortune </li></ul><ul><li>Arouses pity or fear in spectators (Aristotle) </li></ul><ul><li>Tragic (elevated) style / language </li></ul>“ A play that portrays a serious conflict between human beings and some superior, overwhelming force. It ends sorrowfully and disastrously, and this outcome seems inevitable” (1133).
  3. 4. Christopher Marlowe ’s Doctor Faustus (about year 1588) Act II, Scene I
  4. 5. In Journal (p.66), respond to following prompt: <ul><li>Tragic heroes often effect feelings of pity or fear </li></ul><ul><li>in readers / spectators. Does Dr. Faustus prompt </li></ul><ul><li>either of these feelings in you? If so, why? If not, </li></ul><ul><li>why not? Are there other feelings his character </li></ul><ul><li>triggers? Use specifics from the text. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Why is this a tragedy? </li></ul><ul><li>Character in conflict with superior force </li></ul><ul><li>Disastrous ending </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated diction </li></ul><ul><li>Other dramatic elements: </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic conventions </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic action </li></ul><ul><li>Allusions </li></ul><ul><li>Faustus as tragic hero: </li></ul><ul><li>High standing </li></ul><ul><li>What is his tragic flaw (or flaws)? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hubris </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. C O M E D Y <ul><li>“ A literary work aimed at amusing an audience. In </li></ul><ul><li>traditional comedy, the protagonist often faces </li></ul><ul><li>obstacles and complications that threaten disaster </li></ul><ul><li>but are overturned at the last moment to produce </li></ul><ul><li>a happy ending ” (1155). </li></ul>
  7. 8. High vs. Low Comedy (1142-43) <ul><li>High Comedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wit and wordplay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evokes “thoughtful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>laughter ” (1155) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depicts human folly, pretense, and hypocrisy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Comedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical action (clowning, roughhousing), visual gags, course humor and jokes -- anything to get a laugh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. drunkenness, appearance, clumsiness, trickery, lust </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like high comedy, satirizes human failings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular culture </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Protagonists are lovers. </li></ul><ul><li>After comical misadventures, the two end up together. </li></ul>ROMANTIC COMEDY
  9. 10. Ives’ “Soap Opera” (1143-53) <ul><li>GROUP WORK: </li></ul><ul><li>In groups of 2-3, discuss questions </li></ul><ul><li>3, 4, 6, and 7 on pg. 1153. </li></ul><ul><li>Be ready to report on findings. </li></ul>