Classical theories• Plato: • Aristotle : Banishes poets. Calls Moral purpose. it a copy of a copy. Purified emotions with Morally corrupts the fictional examples. readers and presents Gods Poetry elevated in immoral fashion. compared to history, Believes that poetry’s purified morals and purpose is to instruct and provides pleasure. not entertain. “The poet’s function “dangerous for this is to describe, not the reason because they thing that has happened, aroused the appetitive but a kind of thing that part instead of the might happen.” rational.”
Other Famous Poets• Sidney– best among other disciplines, not poetry but some poets are to blame, maker and enchanter.• Shelly—awakens and enlarges mind, legislators of the world. ―Poetry is a mirror which makes beautiful that which is distorted.‖• Samuel Johnson—‖Poetry is the art of uniting pleasure with truth.‖• Byron— ―(Poetry) is the lava of the imagination whose eruption prevents an earthquake.‖All agree that a poet searches truth, elevated art form, end result pleasure with purpose of morality.
Wordsworth’s definition of Poet• man speaking to men.• more lively sensibility.• greater imagination. (―affected by absent things as if they were present‖ )• greater knowledge of the human soul.• Greater knowledge of human nature.• more comprehensive soul.• greater zest for life.• greater power of expression and communication.
Wordsworth’s definition of Poetry• ―Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origins from emotion recollected in tranquility.‖• ―Poetry sheds no tears, such as angels weep, but natural and human tears.‖
Poetic • To achieve spontaneous over flow of emotions!Process Poet meditates, Poetic moments connecting occur thoughts and (spontaneous overi. Observation feelings flow of emotions)ii. Recollectioniii.Contemplation Network of Poem gets past thoughtsiv. Imaginative written and feelings element of activated. emotions experienced Reader is i)enlightened, ii) earlier affections strengthened iii)purified ,iv) gets understanding.
Plato vs. Wordsworth• Plato • Wordsworthi. Mere copy. i. Imitative andii. Twice removed creative. from ideal. ii. Primary law ofiii. Leads away from nature. truth. iii. Brings closer.iv. Immediate. iv. Meditation.v. Worthless. v. Moral purpose.vi. Corrupts. vi. Saves.
Influence of Aristotle mimesis, impact, accessibility in terms of the language, concreteness and catharsis are the elements evident in Wordsworth’s poems which were professed by Aristotle. Aristotle Wordsworthi. mimesis is the act of i. reflecting upon his creating. memories to create.ii. past experiences. ii. Re-called his experience.iii. significant impact. iii. Emotions and feeling highlighted.iv. Relatable artistic representation. iv. incidents and situations from common life.v. Simple language. v. Rustic and real language.vi. Catharsis. vi. Pleasure as end product.
We stood together; and that I, so long A worshipper of Nature, hither came Unwearied in that service: rather say With warmer love--oh! with far deeper zealOf holier love. Nor wilt thou then forget,That after many wanderings, many yearsOf absence, these steep woods and lofty cliffs,And this green pastoral landscape, were to me
Conclusion• If I may dare say so Wordsworth went back to the very origins of starting a new form of art that he re-defined and re- established with some further explanations and alterations to his concepts from Coleridge. He gave his concepts a vent that one, like myself would say that he gave the terms new meaning as he though should have been given or conceived when this art form originated centuries ago.