Tragedy The drama exposes the plight and suffering of humans to its audience. The theme of a tragedy usually rotates around ruination of dynasty, downfall of man, emotional betrayals, moral setback, personal loss, death and denials. A tragedy when composed and enacted well can touch your sentiments deeply
Traditional Tragedies: the hero or heroine of the play is an "extraordinarycharacter“ who usually gets caught in a series of tragiccircumstances The hero then accepts responsibility for his or heractions and at most times shows a willingness to sufferfor whatever they deserve. In traditional tragedy the language is verse In Traditional tragedies there are many morals, and hold
Examples: William Shakespeares Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet a
Modern Tragedies characters are those who stand as symbolic figures for important segments of society focuses more on non-verbal expression. purpose was to express things through what is called the "subtext" of a play.Ex. Lanford Wilson’s Fifth of July Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House Arthur Millers The Crucible
Tragicomedy a literary genre that blends aspects of both tragic and comic forms. Most often seen in dramatic literature In a tragicomedy, the action and subject matter seem to require a tragic ending, but it is avoided by a reversal which leads to a happy ending; sometimes the tragicomedy alternates serious and comic actions throughout the play.
Examples Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare (1598) Giovanni Battista Guarini’ IL Pastor Fido, published in 1590 John Fletchers The Faithful Shepherdess
Melodrama Melodrama is exaggeration of emotions. Its marked by surge of emotions, which is a technique to make the character and the plot more appealing to the audience. A melodrama often fails to derive applause because excessive display of emotions becomes sheer monotonous. On the contrary a superbly executed melodramatic plot can absorb you completely within it.
Examples:Jacques Rousseaus Pygmalion Jacques Offenbachs Orpheus in the UnderworldA Tale of Mystery (1802) by Thomas Holcrofthe Castle Spectre (1797) by Matthew Gregory LewisThe Woodsmans Hut (1814) by Samuel ArnoldThe Broken Sword (1816) by William Dimond.
Musical a form of theatre that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance. story and emotional content of the piece – humor, pathos, love, anger – are communicated through the words, music, movement and technical aspects of the entertainment as an integrated whole.
Examples:Show Boat (1927)Oklahoma! (1943).West Side Story (1957),The Fantasticks (1960),Hair (1967),A Chorus Line (1975),Les Misérables (1985),The Phantom of the Opera (1986),
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