Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Elements of Comedy

24 views

Published on

Criticism on Comedy as a genre of Literature

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Elements of Comedy

  1. 1. Criticism on comedy asCriticism on comedy as a genre of literaturea genre of literature
  2. 2. Definition of comedyDefinition of comedy Comedey (Greek -Komodia} refers to any discoure or literary work generlly intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter ,especially in theature,television ,film and stand -up comedy
  3. 3. OriginOrigin of comedyof comedy The origin of term 'Comedy" are found in AncientThe origin of term 'Comedy" are found in Ancient Greece .Greece . In th Athenian democracy, the public opinion ofIn th Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satirevoters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theatresperformed by the comic poets at the theatres The theatrical genre of Greek comedy can beThe theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a drramatic performance wich pitsdescribed as a drramatic performance wich pits towtow groups or socites against each other in angroups or socites against each other in an amusing agon or conflictamusing agon or conflict
  4. 4. Difference btween comedy andDifference btween comedy and tragedytragedy The 4th-centuryThe 4th-century LatinLatin grammariangrammarian DonatusDonatus distinguished comedy from tragedy by the simplestdistinguished comedy from tragedy by the simplest terms: comedies begin in trouble and end in peace,terms: comedies begin in trouble and end in peace, while tragedies begin in calms and end in tempest.while tragedies begin in calms and end in tempest. Such a differentiation of the two genres may beSuch a differentiation of the two genres may be simplistic, but it provided sufficient grounds forsimplistic, but it provided sufficient grounds for DanteDante to call his great poem La Commedia (Theto call his great poem La Commedia (The Comedy; later calledComedy; later called The Divine ComedyThe Divine Comedy), since), since , as he says in his dedicatory letter, it begins amid, as he says in his dedicatory letter, it begins amid the horrors of hell but ends amid the pleasures ofthe horrors of hell but ends amid the pleasures of heaven.heaven. The distinction is basic to the AristotelianThe distinction is basic to the Aristotelian differentiation between tragedy and comedy:differentiation between tragedy and comedy: tragedy imitates men who are better than thetragedy imitates men who are better than the average and comedy men who are worse.average and comedy men who are worse.
  5. 5. Types of comedyTypes of comedy farce Satire comedy of manners romantic comedy anti -romantic comedy stand -up comedy Shakespearian comedy shavion comedy
  6. 6. Plato's concept of comedy in his 'The Republic': Plato belived that it produces an emotion that overrides rational self-control and learning e.g In [The Republic] he says that guardian of state should avoid laughter 'for ordinarily when one abandons himself to violent laughter ,his codition provokes a violent reaction . Plato says comedy should be tightly controlled if one wants to achieve the ideal state. Plato taught that comedy is a destruction to the self.
  7. 7. Aristotle's concept of comedy as a critic Aristotle refers to comedy only casually , though severl times in his poetics ,, Section on comedy has been lost perhaps, In extant part of poetics he concentrates on tragedy Regards comedy as an inferior genre as it deals with men as worst than they are,it is a grotesque of
  8. 8. Definition of comedy in section 5,Definition of comedy in section 5, of Poetis:of Poetis: "Comedy is an immitation of character of alower style,- no,however ,in the full sense of the word bad , the ludicrous being merely a subdivision of the ugly .It consists in some defect or ugliness which is not painful or destuctive
  9. 9. Above definition revels:Above definition revels:  Comedy deals with men of an inferior moral stature.  They may not be necessarily bad buth their short comings are ludicorous.  They represent some ugliness , some folly or informity of human nature  This ugkiness or defect provokes laughter.  It does not excite malice or pain
  10. 10. Addition of catharatic function in poetics : Comedy is an imitation of an action that is ludicrous and imperfect thrugh pleasure and laughter effecting the purgation of the like emotins
  11. 11. CONCLUSION from above givenCONCLUSION from above given definitions in Poetics:definitions in Poetics:  Thus according to Aristotle,both tragedy and comedy deal with universal emotions.  Comedy evokes laughter , just as tragesdy evokes pity and fear.  But this relations to the Aristotelian universals are quite diffrent.  Tragedy takes hamartia literly, but magnifies its punishment and is thus fearful and pitful,  Comedy distorts hamartia by , Caricature , reduces punishment to discomfiture and mortification. and it is thus Ridiculous. Comic poet has to endow his character with some defect or deformity,but these defects have to produce comic effect , not tragic
  12. 12. Thank you for paying attention dear class.

×