SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 27
SOURCES:
Accounts of Fa-hien
Allahabad Pillar Inscription.
CONTRIBUTION TO THE FIELDS OF
Education (Nalanda University),
Science (Aryabhatta)
Culture (works of Kalidasa,
Deogarh temple).
THE THE GOLDEN AGE AGE
INTRODUCTION
FOUNDER : SRI GUPTA
GUPTA ERA : CHADRAGUPTA I
LAST RULER : VISHNUGUPTA
IMPORTANT GUPTA RULERS:
CHANDRAGUPTA I
SAMUNDRAGUPTA
CHANDRAGUPTA II (VIKRAMADITHYA)
MAIN REASON FOR DECLINE : INVASIONS OF HUNAS
GUPTA AGE IS ALSO KNOWN AS
IMPERIAL AGE –THEY WERE INDIA’S FIRST EMPIRE BUILDERS
GOLDEN AGE - HIGH LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE.
CLASSICAL AGE - EDUCATION ,CULTURE ,SCIENCE & PHILOSOPHY
SOURCES – ACCOUNT OF FA-HIEN
ii.
SOURCES
ACCOUNTS OF FA-HIEN
 Earliest Chinese pilgrim visited India, during the reign of
Chandragupta II.
 His book – The Travels of Fa-hien (fo- kwo-ki)
 He visited Pataliputra, Kapilavasthu,
Rajgriha, Vaishali, Kusinagar, Mathura,
Kanauj and Kashi.
FA-HEIN’s account reveals that:
 Magadha was a prosperous country with large towns.
 People enjoyed economic prosperity and burden of tax on them was not
heavy.
 Pataliputra was a flourishing city with charitable institutions, rest houses
and hospitals.
 Poor and helpless patients were given food and medicine as per their
wants.
 People lived happily and peacefully, and led a simple life.
 Tolerant to other religions.
 People were honest and law-abiding.
 Punishments were mild and were in the form of fines.
THE ALLAHABAD PILLAR INSCRIPTION
• Allahabad pillar is in Ashoka Stamba.
• An important epigraphic evidence of the imperial Guptas.
• Allahabad inscription, also known as the prayag prashasti,
was written in praise of Samudragupta.
• It is composed by the Harisena, the court poet and
minister of Samudragupta.
• It is written in refined and simple sanskrit in
champu kavya style.
PRAYAG PRASHASTI
ALLAHABAD PILLAR
• It describes the political and military achievements of Samudragupta.
• It indicates that Samudragupta is an able states man, patron of arts
and great conqueror.
• It describes four different kinds of rulers and tells us about
Samudragupta’s policies towards them:
1. In Aryavarta (-nine rulers), kingdoms were made a part of
Samudragupta's empire.
2. In Dakshinapatha (-twelve rulers), surrendered to Samudragupta and he
then allowed them to rule again.
3. Inner circle of north-west, paid tribute, followed his orders and attended
his court.
NALANDA
• Made progress in Higher Education.
• Nalanda was a post graduate institution.
• It situated near Rajgriha, in Bihar.
• Founded by Kumaragupta, son of Charagupta II.
• All round development of students.
• Developed self-confidence and thinking capacity.
• Developed a sense of morality.
• There were eight colleges and three libraries.
• Great progress made in education.
• World famous universities – Nalanda, takshila.
• Nalanda – founded by Kumaragupta, son of Chandraguta II
• It was a post graduate institution.
• It situated near Rajgriha, in Bihar.
• .All round development of students.
• Individual care was given.
• Developed sense of morality.
• Made them to understand the true value of life.
nalanda
• Only the most brilliant students were admitted.
• Made progress in Higher Education.
• Nalanda was a post graduate institution.
• It situated near Rajgriha, in Bihar.
• Founded by Kumaragupta, son of Charagupta II.
• All round development of students.
• Developed self-confidence and thinking capacity.
• Developed a sense of morality.
• There were eight colleges and three libraries Admission was restricted by difficult entrance
examinations.
• Only two out of ten succeeded in getting admission.
• Important subjects included in the curriculum were Four Vedas, Logic, Grammer, Medicine, Sankhya,
Yoga, Nyaya, Tantra, art and Buddhist Thoughts.
• It attracted students from all over the world.
• There were more than 10,000 students and teachers.
• It was destroyed by Mohammed-bin-Bakthiyar khilji a general of Muhammed Ghori in the 12th
century AD.
NALANDA UNIVERSITY
• The study of all branches of science particularly
Astronomy, Mathematics, Metallurgy and Medicine
flourished under the Guptas.
• Great progress was made in astronomy, medicine, metallurgy and
mathematics.
• His books:
1. Aryabhattiyam - deals with arithmetic, geometry, algebra and
trigonometry.
2. Surya siddhanta - explained scientifically the causes of lunar
eclipses.
His contributions:
He proved that earth revolves around the sun.
Discovered a formula to find the area of triangle.
Calculated exact value of pi.
He was acquainted with decimal system and
India’s first satellite sent into space was named Aryabhatta
after the astronomer.
CULTURE
• Various arts, crafts and literary activities flourished under the Guptas.
• Temples were built with elaborate details.
• High-level excellence in all braches of art such as painting, metallurgy
and architecture.
• Golden age of Sanskirt literature.
• Outstanding classical works of Kalidasa.
CULTURE –WORKS OF KALIDASA
Greatest poet and dramatist in Sanskirt.
Literary genius.
Poet of nature.
Subject matter - nature, love and beauty.
Poetic works: Ritusamhara
• Raghuvamsa
• Meghaduta
• Kumarasambhava
Dramatic works: Vikramorvashiyam
• Malavikagnimitram
• Abhijnanashakuntalam
Indian Shakesphere.
• This Vishnu temple is built in the beginning of 6th century AD on
high platform.
• It was completely made of stone, is about 125 km from Jhansi in
Uttarpradesh.
• It is also known as Dasavatara temple.
• It is the first north Indian temple with Shikara or tower.
• A protective wall made of undressed stone around the temple.
DEOGRAH TEMPLE
• The temple faces west.
• The side of the wall and platform were decorated with beautiful
carved panels, Showing
• Entrance - Incarnations of Vishnu.
• On the northern wall, Gajendra Moksha
• On the eastern side wall, Nara-Narayana.
• On the southern wall, Anatasayi Vishnu, as he rests after
creating of a new Cosmic Cycle. He sleeps on Sheshnaga, the
serpent.
GUPTA DYNASTY
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:
 EXERCISES
I. Short-answer questions (Q. NO : 5, 7, 8, & 9 out of syllabus)
II. Structured questions (Q. NO : 2 a,b & 3 a,b out of syllabus)
 Additional questions:
1. What does Fa-hien write about the life of the people during Gupta Age?
2. Who was Fa-hien? What is the title of the book that he wrote about India?

More Related Content

What's hot

Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)
Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)
Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)Banaras Hindu University
 
Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi)
Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi) Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi)
Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi) Banaras Hindu University
 
Besnagar Pillar inscription pdf
Besnagar Pillar inscription pdfBesnagar Pillar inscription pdf
Besnagar Pillar inscription pdfPrachi Sontakke
 
Economic progress in the gupta period
Economic progress in the gupta periodEconomic progress in the gupta period
Economic progress in the gupta periodPrachya Adhyayan
 
Intoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilanka
Intoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilankaIntoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilanka
Intoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilankaPrachi Sontakke
 
Mantriparishad - Composition, Functions & Scope
Mantriparishad - Composition, Functions & ScopeMantriparishad - Composition, Functions & Scope
Mantriparishad - Composition, Functions & ScopeBanaras Hindu University
 
Mauryan Architecture .pptx
Mauryan Architecture .pptxMauryan Architecture .pptx
Mauryan Architecture .pptxVirag Sontakke
 
Inter-state Relationship & Diplomacy : Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theories
Inter-state Relationship & Diplomacy :  Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theoriesInter-state Relationship & Diplomacy :  Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theories
Inter-state Relationship & Diplomacy : Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theoriesBanaras Hindu University
 
Military Administration and Ethics of War
Military Administration and Ethics of War Military Administration and Ethics of War
Military Administration and Ethics of War Virag Sontakke
 
bodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptx
bodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptxbodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptx
bodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptxPriyanka Singh
 

What's hot (20)

Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)
Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)
Coins of Gupta Period (Samudragupta & Chandragupta II)
 
Chalukyas of badami pdf
Chalukyas of badami pdfChalukyas of badami pdf
Chalukyas of badami pdf
 
Indo-Greek Coins (Eucratidies & Menander)
Indo-Greek Coins (Eucratidies & Menander)Indo-Greek Coins (Eucratidies & Menander)
Indo-Greek Coins (Eucratidies & Menander)
 
Preaching Buddha, Sarnath
Preaching Buddha, SarnathPreaching Buddha, Sarnath
Preaching Buddha, Sarnath
 
Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi)
Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi) Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi)
Post Mauryan Dynasties (Shunga-Kanva-Chedi)
 
Indo-Greeks
Indo-GreeksIndo-Greeks
Indo-Greeks
 
Besnagar Pillar inscription pdf
Besnagar Pillar inscription pdfBesnagar Pillar inscription pdf
Besnagar Pillar inscription pdf
 
Indo - Roman Trade
Indo - Roman Trade Indo - Roman Trade
Indo - Roman Trade
 
Economic progress in the gupta period
Economic progress in the gupta periodEconomic progress in the gupta period
Economic progress in the gupta period
 
Intoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilanka
Intoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilankaIntoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilanka
Intoduction and expansion of buddhism in srilanka
 
Mantriparishad - Composition, Functions & Scope
Mantriparishad - Composition, Functions & ScopeMantriparishad - Composition, Functions & Scope
Mantriparishad - Composition, Functions & Scope
 
Indo-Scythian
Indo-ScythianIndo-Scythian
Indo-Scythian
 
Mauryan Architecture .pptx
Mauryan Architecture .pptxMauryan Architecture .pptx
Mauryan Architecture .pptx
 
Inter-state Relationship & Diplomacy : Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theories
Inter-state Relationship & Diplomacy :  Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theoriesInter-state Relationship & Diplomacy :  Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theories
Inter-state Relationship & Diplomacy : Upāya, Shadgunya and Mandala theories
 
Military Administration and Ethics of War
Military Administration and Ethics of War Military Administration and Ethics of War
Military Administration and Ethics of War
 
Saur sampradaya
Saur sampradayaSaur sampradaya
Saur sampradaya
 
bodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptx
bodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptxbodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptx
bodhisattvaimageinscriptionofsarnath-220625103131-c4b6af1f.pptx
 
Vedic Period.ppt
Vedic Period.pptVedic Period.ppt
Vedic Period.ppt
 
kashmir.pdf
kashmir.pdfkashmir.pdf
kashmir.pdf
 
Republican State
Republican StateRepublican State
Republican State
 

Similar to The age of the guptas [autosaved] [autosaved]

Golden age of guptas
Golden age of guptasGolden age of guptas
Golden age of guptasSarda Mohan
 
The Age of the Guptas
The Age of the GuptasThe Age of the Guptas
The Age of the GuptasSuhas Mandlik
 
02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx
02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx
02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptxVarnikaSood
 
Gupta period human settlements
Gupta period human settlementsGupta period human settlements
Gupta period human settlementsPRASHANT KUMAR
 
Literary Sources of History.pptx
Literary Sources of History.pptxLiterary Sources of History.pptx
Literary Sources of History.pptxSABYASACHINAYAK14
 
The Age of the Guptas
The Age of the GuptasThe Age of the Guptas
The Age of the GuptasSuhas Mandlik
 
Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021
Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021
Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021SouravMadanpuri2
 
Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction)
Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction) Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction)
Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction) Banaras Hindu University
 
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...Banaras Hindu University
 
Central Asia- Afghanistan pdf
Central Asia- Afghanistan pdfCentral Asia- Afghanistan pdf
Central Asia- Afghanistan pdfPrachi Sontakke
 
Nalanda University an Educational Saga of the World
Nalanda  University an Educational Saga of the WorldNalanda  University an Educational Saga of the World
Nalanda University an Educational Saga of the WorldRajeev Ranjan
 
sources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptx
sources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptxsources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptx
sources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptxMVHerwadkarschool
 
Bangladesh study of different areas of bangladesh
Bangladesh study of different  areas of bangladeshBangladesh study of different  areas of bangladesh
Bangladesh study of different areas of bangladeshwarriorsoul1029
 
Ancient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and Valabhi
Ancient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and ValabhiAncient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and Valabhi
Ancient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and ValabhiDr Rajnikant Dodiya
 
Education in ancient india
Education in ancient indiaEducation in ancient india
Education in ancient indiasomu rajesh
 
maurya dynasty and kings ruled
maurya dynasty and kings ruledmaurya dynasty and kings ruled
maurya dynasty and kings ruledTessaRaju
 
8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx
8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx
8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptxMVHerwadkarschool
 

Similar to The age of the guptas [autosaved] [autosaved] (20)

Golden age of guptas
Golden age of guptasGolden age of guptas
Golden age of guptas
 
The Age of the Guptas
The Age of the GuptasThe Age of the Guptas
The Age of the Guptas
 
02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx
02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx
02_UniversitiesOfAncientIndia.pptx
 
Gupta period human settlements
Gupta period human settlementsGupta period human settlements
Gupta period human settlements
 
Literary Sources of History.pptx
Literary Sources of History.pptxLiterary Sources of History.pptx
Literary Sources of History.pptx
 
The Age of the Guptas
The Age of the GuptasThe Age of the Guptas
The Age of the Guptas
 
Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021
Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021
Indian Heritage Art & Culture Quiz | 2021
 
Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction)
Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction) Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction)
Art of Rashtrakuta Period (General Introduction)
 
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
Spread of Jaininsm, Why, Result of Spread, Why less Spread, why not out of In...
 
Central Asia- Afghanistan pdf
Central Asia- Afghanistan pdfCentral Asia- Afghanistan pdf
Central Asia- Afghanistan pdf
 
08 Asian Art Part 1
08 Asian Art Part 108 Asian Art Part 1
08 Asian Art Part 1
 
Bhakti movement in Tamil
Bhakti movement in Tamil Bhakti movement in Tamil
Bhakti movement in Tamil
 
Nalanda University an Educational Saga of the World
Nalanda  University an Educational Saga of the WorldNalanda  University an Educational Saga of the World
Nalanda University an Educational Saga of the World
 
sources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptx
sources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptxsources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptx
sources 8th std sst 13june 2022.pptx
 
Bangladesh study of different areas of bangladesh
Bangladesh study of different  areas of bangladeshBangladesh study of different  areas of bangladesh
Bangladesh study of different areas of bangladesh
 
Ancient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and Valabhi
Ancient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and ValabhiAncient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and Valabhi
Ancient Educational Institutions: Takshashila, Nalanda and Valabhi
 
Education in ancient india
Education in ancient indiaEducation in ancient india
Education in ancient india
 
maurya dynasty and kings ruled
maurya dynasty and kings ruledmaurya dynasty and kings ruled
maurya dynasty and kings ruled
 
Art of Chandela Period, Central India
Art of Chandela Period, Central IndiaArt of Chandela Period, Central India
Art of Chandela Period, Central India
 
8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx
8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx
8.H12.THE CHOLASAND HOYSALAS OF DWARASAMUDRA (1).pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxSayali Powar
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDhatriParmar
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfPatidar M
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptxmary850239
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleCeline George
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17Celine George
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptxBIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
BIOCHEMISTRY-CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM CHAPTER 2.pptx
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptxDecoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
Decoding the Tweet _ Practical Criticism in the Age of Hashtag.pptx
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Large Language Models"
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
 
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP ModuleMulti Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
Multi Domain Alias In the Odoo 17 ERP Module
 
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
How to Fix XML SyntaxError in Odoo the 17
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWMythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Mythology Quiz-4th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 

The age of the guptas [autosaved] [autosaved]

  • 1. SOURCES: Accounts of Fa-hien Allahabad Pillar Inscription. CONTRIBUTION TO THE FIELDS OF Education (Nalanda University), Science (Aryabhatta) Culture (works of Kalidasa, Deogarh temple).
  • 2. THE THE GOLDEN AGE AGE
  • 3. INTRODUCTION FOUNDER : SRI GUPTA GUPTA ERA : CHADRAGUPTA I LAST RULER : VISHNUGUPTA IMPORTANT GUPTA RULERS: CHANDRAGUPTA I SAMUNDRAGUPTA CHANDRAGUPTA II (VIKRAMADITHYA) MAIN REASON FOR DECLINE : INVASIONS OF HUNAS GUPTA AGE IS ALSO KNOWN AS IMPERIAL AGE –THEY WERE INDIA’S FIRST EMPIRE BUILDERS GOLDEN AGE - HIGH LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION AND CULTURE. CLASSICAL AGE - EDUCATION ,CULTURE ,SCIENCE & PHILOSOPHY
  • 4. SOURCES – ACCOUNT OF FA-HIEN ii.
  • 5. SOURCES ACCOUNTS OF FA-HIEN  Earliest Chinese pilgrim visited India, during the reign of Chandragupta II.  His book – The Travels of Fa-hien (fo- kwo-ki)  He visited Pataliputra, Kapilavasthu, Rajgriha, Vaishali, Kusinagar, Mathura, Kanauj and Kashi.
  • 6. FA-HEIN’s account reveals that:  Magadha was a prosperous country with large towns.  People enjoyed economic prosperity and burden of tax on them was not heavy.  Pataliputra was a flourishing city with charitable institutions, rest houses and hospitals.  Poor and helpless patients were given food and medicine as per their wants.  People lived happily and peacefully, and led a simple life.  Tolerant to other religions.  People were honest and law-abiding.  Punishments were mild and were in the form of fines.
  • 7. THE ALLAHABAD PILLAR INSCRIPTION • Allahabad pillar is in Ashoka Stamba. • An important epigraphic evidence of the imperial Guptas. • Allahabad inscription, also known as the prayag prashasti, was written in praise of Samudragupta. • It is composed by the Harisena, the court poet and minister of Samudragupta. • It is written in refined and simple sanskrit in champu kavya style.
  • 9. ALLAHABAD PILLAR • It describes the political and military achievements of Samudragupta. • It indicates that Samudragupta is an able states man, patron of arts and great conqueror. • It describes four different kinds of rulers and tells us about Samudragupta’s policies towards them: 1. In Aryavarta (-nine rulers), kingdoms were made a part of Samudragupta's empire. 2. In Dakshinapatha (-twelve rulers), surrendered to Samudragupta and he then allowed them to rule again. 3. Inner circle of north-west, paid tribute, followed his orders and attended his court.
  • 10. NALANDA • Made progress in Higher Education. • Nalanda was a post graduate institution. • It situated near Rajgriha, in Bihar. • Founded by Kumaragupta, son of Charagupta II. • All round development of students. • Developed self-confidence and thinking capacity. • Developed a sense of morality. • There were eight colleges and three libraries.
  • 11. • Great progress made in education. • World famous universities – Nalanda, takshila. • Nalanda – founded by Kumaragupta, son of Chandraguta II • It was a post graduate institution. • It situated near Rajgriha, in Bihar. • .All round development of students. • Individual care was given. • Developed sense of morality. • Made them to understand the true value of life.
  • 12. nalanda • Only the most brilliant students were admitted. • Made progress in Higher Education. • Nalanda was a post graduate institution. • It situated near Rajgriha, in Bihar. • Founded by Kumaragupta, son of Charagupta II. • All round development of students. • Developed self-confidence and thinking capacity. • Developed a sense of morality. • There were eight colleges and three libraries Admission was restricted by difficult entrance examinations. • Only two out of ten succeeded in getting admission. • Important subjects included in the curriculum were Four Vedas, Logic, Grammer, Medicine, Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Tantra, art and Buddhist Thoughts. • It attracted students from all over the world. • There were more than 10,000 students and teachers. • It was destroyed by Mohammed-bin-Bakthiyar khilji a general of Muhammed Ghori in the 12th century AD.
  • 14.
  • 15. • The study of all branches of science particularly Astronomy, Mathematics, Metallurgy and Medicine flourished under the Guptas.
  • 16. • Great progress was made in astronomy, medicine, metallurgy and mathematics. • His books: 1. Aryabhattiyam - deals with arithmetic, geometry, algebra and trigonometry. 2. Surya siddhanta - explained scientifically the causes of lunar eclipses. His contributions: He proved that earth revolves around the sun. Discovered a formula to find the area of triangle. Calculated exact value of pi. He was acquainted with decimal system and
  • 17. India’s first satellite sent into space was named Aryabhatta after the astronomer.
  • 18. CULTURE • Various arts, crafts and literary activities flourished under the Guptas. • Temples were built with elaborate details. • High-level excellence in all braches of art such as painting, metallurgy and architecture. • Golden age of Sanskirt literature. • Outstanding classical works of Kalidasa.
  • 19. CULTURE –WORKS OF KALIDASA Greatest poet and dramatist in Sanskirt. Literary genius. Poet of nature. Subject matter - nature, love and beauty. Poetic works: Ritusamhara • Raghuvamsa • Meghaduta • Kumarasambhava Dramatic works: Vikramorvashiyam • Malavikagnimitram • Abhijnanashakuntalam Indian Shakesphere.
  • 20.
  • 21. • This Vishnu temple is built in the beginning of 6th century AD on high platform. • It was completely made of stone, is about 125 km from Jhansi in Uttarpradesh. • It is also known as Dasavatara temple. • It is the first north Indian temple with Shikara or tower. • A protective wall made of undressed stone around the temple.
  • 22. DEOGRAH TEMPLE • The temple faces west. • The side of the wall and platform were decorated with beautiful carved panels, Showing • Entrance - Incarnations of Vishnu. • On the northern wall, Gajendra Moksha • On the eastern side wall, Nara-Narayana. • On the southern wall, Anatasayi Vishnu, as he rests after creating of a new Cosmic Cycle. He sleeps on Sheshnaga, the serpent.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 27. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING:  EXERCISES I. Short-answer questions (Q. NO : 5, 7, 8, & 9 out of syllabus) II. Structured questions (Q. NO : 2 a,b & 3 a,b out of syllabus)  Additional questions: 1. What does Fa-hien write about the life of the people during Gupta Age? 2. Who was Fa-hien? What is the title of the book that he wrote about India?