Lighthouses Kalena Gries Educ 373 Dec. 7, 2009
My Experience <ul><li>This past summer I went on vacation with my family to Michigan.  During this trip, we visited severa...
Questions That Arose From the Experience <ul><li>What is the purpose of lighthouses? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are lighthous...
Connection to the Standards <ul><li>4.1.8 – Recognize and explain that any invention may lead to other inventions. </li></...
Rain, Snow, Fog, or Shine… <ul><li>“ Lighthouses are used to mark dangerous coastlines, hazardous shoals and reefs, and sa...
Location, Location, Location! <ul><li>Lighthouses can be found all over the world along lake, sea, and ocean coastlines.  ...
Legendary Lighthouses <ul><li>“ The earliest lighthouses were simply bonfires built on hillsides to guide ships. The first...
Legendary Lighthouses Yokohama Marine Tower Nelson Head
Lighthouse Keepers <ul><li>“ After 1852 the US was divided into Lighthouse Districts; originally eight, they eventually nu...
Additional Information <ul><li>The definition of a lighthouse is actually kind of controversial.  The best definition that...
References <ul><li>Giambarba, P. (1969).  The Lighthouse at Dangerfield . Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company. </li></ul...
Other Resources <ul><li>Lighthouse Directory . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from the University of North Carolina ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Inquiry Project 4

813 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Inquiry Project 4

  1. 1. Lighthouses Kalena Gries Educ 373 Dec. 7, 2009
  2. 2. My Experience <ul><li>This past summer I went on vacation with my family to Michigan. During this trip, we visited several lake-side towns and saw lots of lighthouses. I had liked lighthouses and their solidarity before this trip, but this trip just sealed the deal. This fascination with lighthouses has led me to want to know more about them. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questions That Arose From the Experience <ul><li>What is the purpose of lighthouses? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are lighthouses located? </li></ul><ul><li>Which lighthouse was built first? Which is the biggest? Which is the smallest? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there really lighthouse keepers? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Connection to the Standards <ul><li>4.1.8 – Recognize and explain that any invention may lead to other inventions. </li></ul><ul><li>4.3.11 – Investigate, observe, and explain that things that give off light also give off heat. </li></ul><ul><li>6.3.12 – Describe ways human beings protect themselves from adverse weather conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>6.3.17 – Recognize and describe that energy is a property of many objects and is associated with heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, and sound. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rain, Snow, Fog, or Shine… <ul><li>“ Lighthouses are used to mark dangerous coastlines, hazardous shoals and reefs, and safe entries to harbors and can also assist in aerial navigation. Once widely used, the number of operational lighthouses has declined due to the expense of maintenance and replacement by modern electronic navigational aids.” They use light and sound to help guide ships around dangerous harbors. </li></ul><ul><li>Many lighthouses are now simply open for tourism and used in art. </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouses are also used as symbols of beacons of truth for various organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of their isolated and mysterious nature, lighthouses are often featured in horror and suspense films. </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouse . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Location, Location, Location! <ul><li>Lighthouses can be found all over the world along lake, sea, and ocean coastlines. They are built in any harbor deemed hazardous to sea vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>With over 130 lighthouses, Michigan is the state with the most lighthouses. </li></ul><ul><li>It is currently unknown which country has the most lighthouses because no one has really counted them all. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legendary Lighthouses <ul><li>“ The earliest lighthouses were simply bonfires built on hillsides to guide ships. The first light served the old world city of Alexandria in 285 B.C.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The first American lighthouse (as far as we know) was a stone tower built by the colony of Massachusetts and lit for the first time on September 14, 1716, on Little Brewster Island (then called Beacon Island) in Boston Harbor. Unfortunately, this lighthouse doesn't survive; retreating British troops blew it up on June 13, 1776.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The tallest lighthouse in the world is the Yokohama Marine Tower, a steel tower at Yamashita Park, Yokohama. It stands 106 m (348 ft) high.” </li></ul><ul><li>Nelson Head may be the shortest lighthouse in the world. However, “We don't know. This may well be the shortest building that houses a navigation light, but, regrettably, this is not a recognized measurement in nautical circles.” </li></ul><ul><li>Legendary Lighthouses . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/legendarylighthouses/index.html . </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouse Directory . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/ . </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouses . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Did You Know?: http://www.didyouknow.org/lighthouses.htm . </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouses of Australia Project . (2002). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Lighthouses of Australia Project: Monthly Bulletin: http://www.lighthouse.net.au/Lights/Bulletin/0203/Bulletin%20Mar%2002.htm#ShortestLight . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Legendary Lighthouses Yokohama Marine Tower Nelson Head
  9. 9. Lighthouse Keepers <ul><li>“ After 1852 the US was divided into Lighthouse Districts; originally eight, they eventually numbered 19. Each District was run by a Naval Officer appointed by the Lighthouse Board as the District Inspector. In 1910, civilians started replacing the military officers.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lighthouse keepers were needed to trim the wicks, replenish fuel, wind clockworks and perform maintenance tasks such as cleaning lenses and windows.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Inventions, electrification and automatic lamp changers began to make lighthouse keepers obsolete. For many years, lighthouses still had keepers, partly because lighthouse keepers could serve as a rescue service if necessary. Improvements in maritime navigation and safety such as GPS have led to the phasing out of non-automated lighthouses, with the last keepers removed in the 1990s.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouse . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Additional Information <ul><li>The definition of a lighthouse is actually kind of controversial. The best definition that I found is: “A lighthouse is a lightbeacon having a height of at least 4 meters (13 ft) and a cross-section, at the base, of at least 4 square meters (43 sq ft). This simple definition does not require that a lighthouse have any particular form or appearance. The structure of a lighthouse may be enclosed, partially enclosed, or completely open.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouse Directory . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/ . </li></ul>
  11. 11. References <ul><li>Giambarba, P. (1969). The Lighthouse at Dangerfield . Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company. </li></ul><ul><li>Lobel, A. (2000). One Lighthouse, One Moon . New York, NY: Greenwillow Books. </li></ul><ul><li>Swift, H.H. (1942). The Little Red Lighthouse and The Great Gray Bridge . San Diego, CA: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Warner, G.C. (1963). The Lighthouse Mystery . Chicago, IL: Albert Whitman & Company. </li></ul><ul><li>Legendary Lighthouses . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/legendarylighthouses/index.html . </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouse . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse . </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouses . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Did You Know?: http://www.didyouknow.org/lighthouses.htm . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Other Resources <ul><li>Lighthouse Directory . (2009). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/ . </li></ul><ul><li>Lighthouses of Australia Project . (2002). Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Lighthouses of Australia Project: Monthly Bulletin: http://www.lighthouse.net.au/Lights/Bulletin/0203/Bulletin%20Mar%2002.htm#ShortestLight . </li></ul><ul><li>Photos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://images.evalu8.org/images/lighthouse-with-house.jpg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.miltonheiberg.com/images/Lighthouses-068-12-12-04.jpg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Hikawamaru_and_Marine_tower.jpg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.australianpictorials.com/images/Nelson_Head_Lighthouse_3.jpg </li></ul></ul>

×