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Summer training in NTPC ppt


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in this presentation u will know about basic thermal power plant.

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Summer training in NTPC ppt

  2. 2. List of content : 1. About NTPC 2. Coal to Electricity 3. Layout of Thermal Power Plant 4. Main Equipment of Power Plant 5. C&I Labs 6. Thermal Power Plant in Rajasthan 7. Conclusion 8. References 2
  3. 3. NTPC-The Power Giant Formally known as National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd. Established in Nov’1975. Arup Roy Choudhury is chairman and MD. Installed Capacity 43,128 MW. Projects 17coal based , 7 gas based & 9 in JVs. Planned capacity 75,000 MW by 2017. With only 19.24 % of the all India installed capacity, it generates about 26.7 % of power. Annual turnover of Rs. 73,904 cr. with profit of Rs. 13,834 Cr. for the year 2013- 14. 3
  4. 4. Coal to Electricity ….. Basics 4
  5. 5. 5 Why Coal? Share of Coal in Power Generation Advantages of Coal Fuel •Abundantly available in India •Low cost •Technology for Power Generation well developed. •Easy to handle, transport, store and use •India’s Coal Reserves are estimated to be 206 billion tones. Present consumption is about 450 million tones. •Cost of coal for producing 1 unit of electricity is Rs 0.75. •Cost of Gas for producing 1 unit of electricity is Rs 1.20. Coal 55% Gas 10% Diesel 1% Hydel 26% RES 5% Nuclear 3%
  6. 6. General Layout of Thermal Power Plant 6
  7. 7. Main Equipments of Power Plant 1. Coal handling plant 2. Pulverizing plant 4. Boiler 5. Turbine 6. Generator 7. Condenser 8. Ash handling plant 7
  8. 8. Coal handling plant 8 •The function of coal handling plant is automatic feeding of coal to the boiler • A thermal power plant burns enormous amounts of coal. •A 200MW plant may require around 2000 tons of coal daily.
  9. 9. Pulverizing plant  In modern thermal power plant , coal is pulverized i.e. ground to dust like size and carried to the furnace in a stream of hot air.  Pulverizing is done in pulverizing mill.  Pulverizing mill is further classified in three parts:  Contact mill  Ball mill  Impact mill 9
  10. 10. Boiler 10
  11. 11. Turbine A turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. It consists one moving part called a rotor assembly. Steam turbines are used for the generation of electricity in thermal power plants. In thermal power plant turbine is sub divided in three parts:  HPT  IPT  LPT 11
  12. 12. Generator An electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy. It is based upon the principle of electromagnetic induction. the magnitude of EMF generates by generator is given by: E=4.44φFN volts Generators provide nearly all of the power for electric power grids. 12
  13. 13. Condenser 13
  14. 14. Ash handling plant  The percentage of ash in coal varies from 5% in good quality coal to about 40% in poor quality coal.  Power plants generally use poor quality of coal , thus amount of ash produced by it is pretty large.  A modern 2000MW plant produces about 5000 tons of ash daily. 14
  15. 15. C&I Labs Labs Monitored parameter 1. Manometry Lab 2. Protection and Interlocks Lab 3. Automation Lab 4. Electronics Lab 5. Water Treatment Lab 6. Furnaces Safety Supervisory System Lab 1. Speed 2. Temperature 3. Current 4. Voltage 5. Pressure 6. Flow of Gases 7. Vibration 15
  16. 16. Conclusion 16
  17. 17. Thermal power plants in RAJASTHAN Chhabra thermal power plant- 500MW Kota super thermal power plant- 1240MW Giral lignite power plant- 235MW Suratgarh super thermal power plant -1500MW 17
  18. 18. References ng.pdf Study material provided by NTPC-vindhyanchal 18
  19. 19. 19 Thank You!!