Sf edible landscapedesign

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Simple presentation on some ideas for designing perennial edible landscapes in San Francisco

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Sf edible landscapedesign

  1. 1. Designing Edible Landscapes: in San Francisco Kevin Bayuk Prepared for APLD April. 2010
  2. 2. Vegetation Selection Plant Communities
  3. 3. Visioning- Kitchen Garden <ul><li>What does your client eat? </li></ul><ul><li>What would your client like to eat? </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm actual meals… </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fruits & Veggies + Roots <ul><li>Grains and Pulses </li></ul><ul><li>Unlikely </li></ul>
  5. 5. Assessment <ul><li>Obvious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light/Shade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not so obvious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chill </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth and Harvest Characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Fruit Trees <ul><li>Almonds </li></ul><ul><li>Apples </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots </li></ul><ul><li>Asian Pears </li></ul><ul><li>Avocado </li></ul><ul><li>Cherry </li></ul><ul><li>Citrus </li></ul><ul><li>Fig </li></ul><ul><li>Kiwi </li></ul><ul><li>Loquat </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberry </li></ul><ul><li>Nectarine </li></ul><ul><li>Olives </li></ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul><ul><li>Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Pineapple Guava </li></ul><ul><li>Plum </li></ul><ul><li>Pluots </li></ul><ul><li>Persimmon </li></ul><ul><li>Pomegranate </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cultivars http://www.urbanpermacultureinstitute.com/ployculture-guilds.html
  8. 8. Favorites <ul><li>Apple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gordon, Fuji </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apricot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Katy, Gold Kist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cherry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minnie Royal, Royal Lee, Amarillo (Sour) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citrus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meyer Improved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fig </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Desert King, Osborne Prolific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Loquat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benlehr, Advance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seckel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pineapple Guava </li></ul><ul><li>Plum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methley, Valor, Beauty, Weeping Santa Rosa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pluots </li></ul>
  9. 10. Favorite PLUMS!
  10. 11. Soft Fruit & Groundcover <ul><li>Raspberries </li></ul><ul><li>Cape Gooseberry </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberries </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen Huckleberries </li></ul><ul><li>Ugni </li></ul><ul><li>Thimbleberry </li></ul><ul><li>Eleagnus </li></ul><ul><li>Currants </li></ul><ul><li>Strawberries </li></ul>
  11. 12. Rare Fruit? <ul><li>Fuschia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>F. splendens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tamarillo </li></ul><ul><li>Strawberry Guava </li></ul><ul><li>Opuntia sp. </li></ul><ul><li>Babaco </li></ul><ul><li>Passiflora mollissima </li></ul><ul><li>Arbutus unedo </li></ul>
  12. 13. Veggies Annual | Perennial Considerations?
  13. 14. Favorite Perennial Vegetables <ul><li>Tree Collards </li></ul><ul><li>Scarlet Runner Beans </li></ul><ul><li>Nine Star Broccoli </li></ul><ul><li>Viola odorata </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial Arugula </li></ul><ul><li>French Sorrel </li></ul><ul><li>Nettles </li></ul><ul><li>Perpetual Spinach </li></ul><ul><li>Scorzonera hispanica </li></ul><ul><li>Daylily </li></ul><ul><li>Artichoke or Cardoon </li></ul><ul><li>Asparagus </li></ul><ul><li>Pepino Dulce </li></ul><ul><li>Tilia cordata </li></ul><ul><li>Chayote </li></ul>
  14. 18. Favorite Herbs <ul><li>Anise Hyssop </li></ul><ul><li>Borage </li></ul><ul><li>Calendula </li></ul><ul><li>Chamomile </li></ul><ul><li>Lemon Balm </li></ul><ul><li>Nasturtium </li></ul><ul><li>Rosemary </li></ul><ul><li>Lemon Verbena </li></ul><ul><li>Sage </li></ul><ul><li>Salad Burnet </li></ul><ul><li>Thyme </li></ul><ul><li>Valerian </li></ul><ul><li>Yarrow </li></ul><ul><li>Yerba Buena </li></ul><ul><li>Miner’s Lettuce </li></ul><ul><li>Chives </li></ul>
  15. 20. Root Crops <ul><li>Oca </li></ul><ul><li>Yacon </li></ul><ul><li>Mashua </li></ul><ul><li>Potato onions </li></ul><ul><li>Sunchoke </li></ul><ul><li>Canna edulis </li></ul>
  16. 22. Vegetation Selection Plant Communities & Maintenance Considerations
  17. 23. Plant a Tree… & You Have to Take Care of It
  18. 24. Plant an Ecosystem… & It Will Take Care of You
  19. 25. How Do You Plant An Ecosystem? <ul><li>Vegetation selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guilds and Polyculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal interactions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. Guilds <ul><li>Every element serves multiple functions </li></ul><ul><li>Every function is served by multiple elements </li></ul><ul><li>Mutually supportive communities of plants with redundant relationships designed in for resiliency </li></ul>
  21. 27. Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen fixer </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic accumulator </li></ul><ul><li>Ground cover </li></ul><ul><li>Pest suppression/confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Insectary </li></ul><ul><li>Climber </li></ul><ul><li>Trellis for climber </li></ul><ul><li>Windbreaks/shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Yield </li></ul>
  22. 28. Support Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen fixer </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic accumulator </li></ul><ul><li>Ground cover </li></ul><ul><li>Pest suppression/confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Insectary </li></ul><ul><li>Climber </li></ul><ul><li>Trellis for climber </li></ul><ul><li>Windbreaks/shelter </li></ul>
  23. 29. Some Support Species <ul><li>Nitrogen fixer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clovers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eleagnus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acacia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fava beans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vetch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alfalfa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dynamic accumulator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comfrey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nettles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yarrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Borage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dandelion </li></ul></ul>
  24. 30. Some Support Species <ul><li>Ground cover </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alyssum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yarrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strawberries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pest suppression/confusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alliums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most herbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marigolds </li></ul></ul>
  25. 31. Some Support Species <ul><li>Insectary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alyssum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comfrey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fennel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linden </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Windbreaks/shelter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunchoke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loquat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mulberry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acacia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eleagnus </li></ul></ul>
  26. 32. Assemblage Considerations <ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Modifying limiting factors </li></ul><ul><li>Time and Space </li></ul>
  27. 33. Composing with the Conditions <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greywater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mulch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drip/Timers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacking time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mulch vegetation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backyard Orchard Culture </li></ul></ul>
  28. 34. Backyard Orchard Culture
  29. 35. Composing with the Conditions <ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windbreak configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fedge? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Light/Shade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective surfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer shade for moisture retention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OM solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toxicity? </li></ul></ul>
  30. 36. Belgian Fence

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