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Acorn 2015 working with pernnials

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Slideshow presented at 2015 ACORN Conference PEI

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Acorn 2015 working with pernnials

  1. 1. Working with Perennials Fuel – Food - Medicine
  2. 2. The Homestead
  3. 3. Perennials on the Homestead !   Mulch !   Habitat !   Food !   Medicine !   Fuel !   Infrastructure !   Shade !   Nutrients/Compost Teas   Ecosystem Services:   Water filtration/ Erosion Control   Nectar Sources/ Pollinators   Carbon Storage
  4. 4. Plants that Grow Here   Fruits/Berries: Apple, Hascap, Highbush Blueberry, Highbush Cranberry, Northern Kiwi, Hardy Pear, Asian Pear, Serviceberry, Currants, Elderberry, Plum, Sour Cherry, Rose, Hawthorn, Gooseberry, Raspberry, Strawberry, Chokeberry   Nuts: Hazelnut, Chestnut, Oak, Walnut Family: Butternut, Black Walnut, Heartnut, Buartnut   Perennial Veggies: Asparagus, Horseradish, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lovage, Good King Henry, Rhubarb   Medicinal/Culinary Herbs: Thyme, Sage, Oregano, Winter Savory, Echinacea, Marshmallow, Evening primrose, Yarrow, Sweet Cicely, Comfrey   Native Edibles/Forest Plants: Maple, Birch, Bluebead Lily, Nodding Onion, Cattail, Fiddle heads, balsam fir   Fuel/Infrastructure/Support: Black Locust, Alder, hardwoods: firewood, fence posts, building materials
  5. 5. Design – Food Forest
  6. 6. Design – Diversity
  7. 7. Site Considerations  Wet or Dry  Hot or cold site/ microsite  Shady or Open/ Windy  Windbreaks  Cold air drainage  Soil pH  Natural ecosystem/site scale/landscape scale
  8. 8. Design - Guilds Guild pic
  9. 9. Guild pic 2
  10. 10. Design – Planting Considerations
  11. 11. Propagation - Seeds
  12. 12. Heartnut from Seed
  13. 13. Propagation - Cuttings
  14. 14. Propagation – Dividing Roots
  15. 15. Layering
  16. 16. Propagation - Nursery
  17. 17. Potted Plants
  18. 18. Wildcrafting – Highbush Cranberry
  19. 19. Wildcrafting – Bluebead Lily
  20. 20. Wildcrafting – Maple
  21. 21. Medicine Making – Teas, Tinctures, Salves, Syrups, Candy, Coffee
  22. 22. Medicine Making - Plantain
  23. 23. Medicine Making - Dandelion
  24. 24. Medicine Making – St. John’s Wort
  25. 25. Echinacea
  26. 26. Fuel - Firewood
  27. 27. HOT WATER! HEAT! COOKING!
  28. 28. Maintenance - Mulch
  29. 29. Maintenance - Water
  30. 30. Maintenance – Pest Control
  31. 31. Re-cap   Lots of perennial plants to grow   Provides many functions on the homestead – mulch, building materials, fuel, food, medicine, nutrients etc..   Take time to design and observe: •  Food forests or small orchards •  Structural diversity – vertical layer •  Site considerations – exposure, wind, shade, frost, soil, drainage •  Guilds – companion planting •  Planting considerations – space, juglones, pollination, site and microsite •  Design on paper and then implement   Propagation •  Seeds – stratification, scarification, berries, heartnut •  Cuttings – hardwood, softwood, elderberry •  Root division – Echinacea, bee-balm •  Start a nursery   Wildcrafting – wild plants   Medicines – teas, tinctures, salves, candy, coffee   Fuel – firewood, stacking functions   Maintenance – mulching, watering, pest control and fencing
  32. 32. Booklet

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