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Working with
Perennials
Fuel – Food - Medicine
The Homestead
Perennials on the
Homestead
!   Mulch
!   Habitat
!   Food
!   Medicine
!   Fuel
!   Infrastructure
!   Shade
!   Nutrient...
Plants that Grow Here
  Fruits/Berries: Apple, Hascap, Highbush Blueberry,
Highbush Cranberry, Northern Kiwi, Hardy Pear,...
Design – Food Forest
Design – Diversity
Site Considerations
 Wet or Dry
 Hot or cold site/
microsite
 Shady or Open/
Windy
 Windbreaks
 Cold air drainage
 S...
Design - Guilds
Guild pic
Guild pic 2
Design – Planting
Considerations
Propagation - Seeds
Heartnut from Seed
Propagation - Cuttings
Propagation – Dividing
Roots
Layering
Propagation - Nursery
Potted Plants
Wildcrafting – Highbush
Cranberry
Wildcrafting – Bluebead
Lily
Wildcrafting – Maple
Medicine Making – Teas,
Tinctures, Salves,
Syrups, Candy, Coffee
Medicine Making -
Plantain
Medicine Making -
Dandelion
Medicine Making – St.
John’s Wort
Echinacea
Fuel - Firewood
HOT WATER! HEAT! COOKING!
Maintenance - Mulch
Maintenance - Water
Maintenance – Pest
Control
Re-cap
  Lots of perennial plants to grow
  Provides many functions on the homestead – mulch, building materials,
fuel, ...
Booklet
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
Acorn 2015 working with pernnials
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Slideshow presented at 2015 ACORN Conference PEI

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Acorn 2015 working with pernnials

  1. 1. Working with Perennials Fuel – Food - Medicine
  2. 2. The Homestead
  3. 3. Perennials on the Homestead !   Mulch !   Habitat !   Food !   Medicine !   Fuel !   Infrastructure !   Shade !   Nutrients/Compost Teas   Ecosystem Services:   Water filtration/ Erosion Control   Nectar Sources/ Pollinators   Carbon Storage
  4. 4. Plants that Grow Here   Fruits/Berries: Apple, Hascap, Highbush Blueberry, Highbush Cranberry, Northern Kiwi, Hardy Pear, Asian Pear, Serviceberry, Currants, Elderberry, Plum, Sour Cherry, Rose, Hawthorn, Gooseberry, Raspberry, Strawberry, Chokeberry   Nuts: Hazelnut, Chestnut, Oak, Walnut Family: Butternut, Black Walnut, Heartnut, Buartnut   Perennial Veggies: Asparagus, Horseradish, Jerusalem Artichoke, Lovage, Good King Henry, Rhubarb   Medicinal/Culinary Herbs: Thyme, Sage, Oregano, Winter Savory, Echinacea, Marshmallow, Evening primrose, Yarrow, Sweet Cicely, Comfrey   Native Edibles/Forest Plants: Maple, Birch, Bluebead Lily, Nodding Onion, Cattail, Fiddle heads, balsam fir   Fuel/Infrastructure/Support: Black Locust, Alder, hardwoods: firewood, fence posts, building materials
  5. 5. Design – Food Forest
  6. 6. Design – Diversity
  7. 7. Site Considerations  Wet or Dry  Hot or cold site/ microsite  Shady or Open/ Windy  Windbreaks  Cold air drainage  Soil pH  Natural ecosystem/site scale/landscape scale
  8. 8. Design - Guilds Guild pic
  9. 9. Guild pic 2
  10. 10. Design – Planting Considerations
  11. 11. Propagation - Seeds
  12. 12. Heartnut from Seed
  13. 13. Propagation - Cuttings
  14. 14. Propagation – Dividing Roots
  15. 15. Layering
  16. 16. Propagation - Nursery
  17. 17. Potted Plants
  18. 18. Wildcrafting – Highbush Cranberry
  19. 19. Wildcrafting – Bluebead Lily
  20. 20. Wildcrafting – Maple
  21. 21. Medicine Making – Teas, Tinctures, Salves, Syrups, Candy, Coffee
  22. 22. Medicine Making - Plantain
  23. 23. Medicine Making - Dandelion
  24. 24. Medicine Making – St. John’s Wort
  25. 25. Echinacea
  26. 26. Fuel - Firewood
  27. 27. HOT WATER! HEAT! COOKING!
  28. 28. Maintenance - Mulch
  29. 29. Maintenance - Water
  30. 30. Maintenance – Pest Control
  31. 31. Re-cap   Lots of perennial plants to grow   Provides many functions on the homestead – mulch, building materials, fuel, food, medicine, nutrients etc..   Take time to design and observe: •  Food forests or small orchards •  Structural diversity – vertical layer •  Site considerations – exposure, wind, shade, frost, soil, drainage •  Guilds – companion planting •  Planting considerations – space, juglones, pollination, site and microsite •  Design on paper and then implement   Propagation •  Seeds – stratification, scarification, berries, heartnut •  Cuttings – hardwood, softwood, elderberry •  Root division – Echinacea, bee-balm •  Start a nursery   Wildcrafting – wild plants   Medicines – teas, tinctures, salves, candy, coffee   Fuel – firewood, stacking functions   Maintenance – mulching, watering, pest control and fencing
  32. 32. Booklet

Slideshow presented at 2015 ACORN Conference PEI

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